GS Paper - 2 International Relation

In their first summit under the Quad framework on 12 March 2021, leaders of India, the US, Japan and Australia will deliberate on expanding cooperation in the Indo-Pacific region and focus on a coronavirus vaccine initiative to effectively deal with the pandemic, people familiar with the matter said. They said the virtual summit is expected to delve into pooling in individual strengths by the Quad countries to expedite global vaccine delivery and explore concrete collaboration in supplying safe and affordable vaccines in the Indo-Pacific region.


  1. The Quad vaccine initiative will project and reinforce India's credentials as a reliable manufacturer and supplier of the vaccines, reaffirming the country's stature as the "pharmacy of the world".
  2. The summit will be participated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, US President Joe Biden, Australian PM Scott Morrison and Japanese PM Yoshihide Suga.
  3. The summit is likely to exchange views on contemporary issues such as post-pandemic recovery, resilient supply chains, emerging and critical technologies, maritime security, and climate change.
  4. The four Quad member countries have been resolving to uphold a rules-based international order in the Indo-Pacific amid growing Chinese assertiveness in the region.
  5. India's approach to the Indo-Pacific was enunciated by the PM in a speech at the Shangri-La Dialogue in Singapore in 2018.


  1. The foreign ministers of the Quad member nations met in Tokyo on 6 October and reaffirmed their collective vision for a free, open and inclusive Indo-Pacific.
  2. The foreign minister of the four countries held their first meeting under the Quadrilateral or Quad framework in New York in September 2019.
  3. In November 2017, India, Japan, the US and Australia gave shape to the long-pending proposal of setting up the Quad to develop a new strategy to keep the critical sea routes in the Indo-Pacific free of any influence.