GS Paper - 2 International Relations

India and the Netherlands on 9 April 2021 launched a strategic partnership on water, agreed to alleviate the joint working group on water to ministerial level and broaden bilateral cooperation in new areas of water. The two sides also decided to set up fast-track mechanism to promote bilateral trade. The Dutch are the world leaders in water management. One-fourth of their area is under sea level. They have successfully overcome the water-related challenges and have tested technologies, solutions in delta management, flood control, desalination of soil and more.


  1. They also discussed to broaden bilateral cooperation in new areas of water, including water budgeting, cost-effective, decentralised treatment technologies, converting wastewater to energy, and more.
  2. Pointing out that water security was a high priority for India, India is focusing on promoting water efficiency and its quality and safety through flagship schemes and initiatives, like the PM Kisan Sanchar Yojana, Har Khet ko Paani, Namame Ganga mission and the Jal Jeevan Shakti.
  3. India and the Netherlands have long-standing warm and friendly relations based on shared values of democracy, rule of law, respectful human rights and historic bonds of friendship.
  4. Both leaders reaffirmed the commitment to further strengthen the bilateral ties in particular sectors of trade and investment, water management, agricultural, food processing, smart cities and urban mobility and more.
  5. In order to facilitate bilateral trade and resolve issues of Dutch and Indian companies, both sides announced the setting up of a fast-tracking mechanism between the two countries.
  6. For Dutch companies and investors in India, it will be set up in the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) and for Indian companies in the Netherlands, the Netherlandsforeign investment agencies will be responsible.