Transport Initiative for Asia (TIA)
NITI Aayog has launched the India Component of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC)–Transport Initiative for Asia (TIA).
● India has a massive and diverse transport sector that caters to the needs of billion people. It has the world’s second-largest road network, which contributes to maximum greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through all means of transportation.
● With increasing urbanisation, the fleet size i.e. the number of sales of vehicles is increasing rapidly. It is projected that the total number of vehicles will be doubled by 2030.
● The NDC–TIA India Component will focus on establishing a multi-stakeholder dialogue platform for decarbonizing transport in India.
NDC–TIA is a joint programme, supported by the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the German Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) and implemented by a consortium of seven organisations such as International Transport Forum, World Resources Institute, etc.
The aim is to promote a comprehensive approach to decarbonize transport in India, Vietnam, and China.This will contribute towards achieving their NDCs and increasing their ambition in the transport sector of 2025 NDCs.
On behalf of the Government of India, NITI Aayog, the country’s premier policy think tank, will be the implementing partner.
Ultimately, the programme intends to support the development of policies and regulations to promote electric vehicle charging infrastructure uptake and smooth wide scale adoption of EVs in India.
✔ The NDC–TIA programme team needs to work in close cooperation and coordination with India’s government agencies, local decision-makers, researchers, industry experts, think tanks, and civil society organisations.
✔ The programme aims at high ambition in the transport sector directly supporting the country’s NDC targets.
✔ Successful implementation of these activities requires the political will and interest of political partners and relevant stakeholders in the target countries.
✔ Interaction of consortium members with relevant stakeholders in the course of existing programmes and discussions conducted during the scoping mission indicate a high commitment to programme objectives.
2015 was a historic year in which 196 Parties came together under the Paris Agreement to transform their development trajectories so that they set the world on a course towards sustainable development, aiming at limiting warming to 1.5 to 2 degrees C above pre-industrial levels.
Nationally determined contributions (NDCs) are at the heart of the Paris Agreement and the achievement of the long-term goals.
NDCs embody efforts by each country to reduce national emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change.
The Paris Agreement requires each Party to prepare, communicate and maintain successive nationally determined contributions (NDCs) that it intends to achieve.
Parties shall pursue domestic mitigation measures, with the aim of achieving the objectives of such contributions.