News Excerpt
NITI Aayog has launched the India Component of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC)–Transport Initiative for Asia (TIA).

Pre-Connect
●    India has a massive and diverse transport sector that caters to the needs of billion people. It has the world’s second-largest road network, which contributes to maximum greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through all means of transportation.
●    With increasing urbanisation, the fleet size i.e. the number of sales of vehicles is increasing rapidly. It is projected that the total number of vehicles will be doubled by 2030.
●    The NDC–TIA India Component will focus on establishing a multi-stakeholder dialogue platform for decarbonizing transport in India.

Highlights
    NDC–TIA is a joint programme, supported by the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the German Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) and implemented by a consortium of seven organisations such as International Transport Forum, World Resources Institute, etc.
    The aim is to promote a comprehensive approach to decarbonize transport in India, Vietnam, and China.This will contribute towards achieving their NDCs and increasing their ambition in the transport sector of 2025 NDCs.
    On behalf of the Government of India, NITI Aayog, the country’s premier policy think tank, will be the implementing partner.
    Ultimately, the programme intends to support the development of policies and regulations to promote electric vehicle charging infrastructure uptake and smooth wide scale adoption of EVs in India.

Analytica
✔    The NDC–TIA programme team needs to work in close cooperation and coordination with India’s government agencies, local decision-makers, researchers, industry experts, think tanks, and civil society organisations.
✔    The programme aims at high ambition in the transport sector directly supporting the country’s NDC targets.
✔    Successful implementation of these activities requires the political will and interest of political partners and relevant stakeholders in the target countries.
✔    Interaction of consortium members with relevant stakeholders in the course of existing programmes and discussions conducted during the scoping mission indicate a high commitment to programme objectives.

NDCs
    2015 was a historic year in which 196 Parties came together under the Paris Agreement to transform their development trajectories so that they set the world on a course towards sustainable development, aiming at limiting warming to 1.5 to 2 degrees C above pre-industrial levels.
    Nationally determined contributions (NDCs) are at the heart of the Paris Agreement and the achievement of the long-term goals.
    NDCs embody efforts by each country to reduce national emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change.
    The Paris Agreement requires each Party to prepare, communicate and maintain successive nationally determined contributions (NDCs) that it intends to achieve.
    Parties shall pursue domestic mitigation measures, with the aim of achieving the objectives of such contributions.