News Excerpt
The 75th session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA 75) was convened against the backdrop of the coronavirus pandemic.Representatives of the U.N. member states delivered virtual addresses, discussed priority issues which includes long-term sustainable development and the unprecedented loss of global biodiversity.

Pre-Connect
•    This year marks the UNGA 75 which opened in New York on September 15, 2020. The virtual high-level talks took place between the September 21 and 25.  
•    The 75th Anniversary was an opportunity for the United Nations to remind member states to stay true to its principles of advancing peace and security, human rights, and sustainable development.
•    U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres had called for an extended “people’s debate” that “promises to be the largest and furthest-reaching global conversation ever on building the future we want.”
•    Turkish diplomat Volkan Bozkir assumed charge as the President of the session, suceeding Nigeria's Tijjani Muhammad-Bande.

The Big Issue: Pandemic
    Efforts to combat the coronavirus pandemic formed a key part of the proceedings as global cases continue to rise.
    General Assembly passed a sweeping resolution calling for “intensified international cooperation and solidarity to contain, mitigate and overcome the pandemic and its consequences.”

Peacebuilding in Afghanistan
    The Gener-al Assembly also included discussions on global peace efforts, including the moves toward peace currently underway in Afghanistan.
    Representatives of the Taliban and the Afghan government recently began long-awaited talks with each other in an attempt to end their decades-long conflict.
    In November 2019, the General Assembly passed a resolution welcoming effort by the Afghan government to promote a peace process led by Afghans.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Address
    Prime Minister Narendra Modi virtually addressed the annual UN General Assembly in Hindi on 26th September, 2020. Saturday.
    In his pre-recorded video statement to the landmark General Debate, PM said the stability in the United Nations and empowerment of the world body is essential for the welfare of the world.
    He questioned for how long will India, the world’s largest democracy and home to 1.3 billion people, be kept out of the decision-making structures of the United Nations, asserting that reform in the responses, processes and in the very character of the global body is the “need of the hour.”
    PM said that, India -will not hesitate in raising its voice against enemies of humanity, including terrorism.
    He added that in our journey towards progress, we want to learn from the world as well as share our experiences with the world.
    PM further said that India is moving forward with a vision of 'self-reliant India' that will also be a force multiplier for the global economy.
    PM added that India’s vaccine production, delivery capacity will be used to help humanity in fighting against COVID-19.
    While mentioning India’s progress in vaccine development for COVID-19, PM informed the global community that India is moving ahead with phase three clinical trials. India will also help all the countries in enhancing their cold chain and storage capacities for the delivery of vaccines.
    PM reiterated the national commitment that India will always speak in support of peace, security and prosperity and will not hesitate in raising its voice against enemies of humanity, including terrorism.
    PM assured the global community that any gesture of friendship by India towards one country is not directed against any third country. When India strengthens its development partnership, it is not with any mala fide intent of making others dependent or hapless.

Conclusion
The world of 1945 was significantly different from today’s world. The global situation, sources-resources, problems-solutions; all were quite different. And as a result, the form and the composition of the institution, established with the aim of global welfare, were in accordance with the prevailing situation of those times. Today we are in a completely different era. In 21st century, the requirements and challenges of our present as well as our future are vastly different from those of the past. Therefore, the international community today is faced with a very important question: Whether the character of the institution, constituted in the prevailing circumstances of 1945, is relevant even today? If century changes and we don’t, then strength to bring changes becomes weak. Democratisation of international organisations is demand of the time.