Q1. Consider the following statements:

  1.  The stone chariot is one of the most visited monuments in the UNESCO World Heritage site of Hampi.
  2. The Hampi chariot inside the temple complex is a shrine dedicated to Garuda and is among three famous stone chariots in India.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The stone chariot is one of the most visited monuments in the UNESCO World Heritage site of Hampi. The Hampi chariot inside the temple complex is a shrine dedicated to Garuda and is among three famous stone chariots in India, the other two being in Konark, Odisha, and Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu. The delicately carved chariot at Hampi, reflects the skill of temple architecture under the patronage of the Vijayanagara rulers who reigned from 14th to 17th century CE.   

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/karnataka/barricade-put-around-iconic-stone-chariot-at-hampi/article33264127.ece

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
  2. Its goal is to make the food available, specifically in the disaster hit poor countries.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.       

Statement 2 is incorrect. Its goal is to achieve food security for all and make sure that people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active and healthy lives.

http://www.fao.org/about/en/

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. Under the Citizenship Act, 1955, a person who is born in India or has resided in India over a specified period of time, is eligible for Indian citizenship.
  2. Illegal migrants may be put in jail or deported under the Citizenship Act, 1955.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Under the Citizenship Act, 1955, a person who is born in India or has resided in India over a specified period of time, is eligible for Indian citizenship.               

Statement 2 is incorrect. Illegal migrants may be put in jail or deported under The Foreigners Act, 1946 and The Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/citizenship-amendment-bill-2019-parliament-winter-session-nrc-6122846/

Q4. With reference to the Farmers Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020, consider the following statements:

  1. Under the act, farmers have now got a new avenue with a freedom to sell their produce outside the APMC market.
  2. In case of any dispute related to sale and purchase of these agricultural produce, the matter will be settled within 30 days by the Sub-Divisional Magistrate.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. As per the Farmers Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020, Farmers have now got a new avenue with a freedom to sell their produce outside the APMC (agricultural produce market committee) market and the government has assured that there will be no tax on such trade, which gives higher price to the farmers.

 In case of any dispute related to sale and purchase of these agricultural produce, the matter will be settled within 30 days by the Sub-Divisional Magistrate.                   

https://www.dnaindia.com/analysis/report-farmers-protest-pros-and-cons-of-the-farmers-produce-trade-and-commerce-promotion-and-facilitation-act-2860432

Q5. The word ‘Solstice’ with respect to the Sun, refers to the point where

(a) The Sun appears to rise.         

 (b) The Sun, moon and the earth align along a straight line.

 (c) The Sun becomes invisible from the earth’s surface.

 (d) The Sun appears to rise and set, stops and reverses direction after this day.

Option D is correct. The word ‘Solstice’ with respect to the Sun, refers to the point where the Sun appears to rise and set, stops and reverses direction after this day.

https://www.timeanddate.com/calendar/summer-solstice.html

Q6. Consider the following statements regarding the partial credit guarantee scheme, sometimes seen in the news:

  1. The scheme allows the state-run banks to purchase pooled assets from non-banking financial companies.
  2. The government guarantee will remain valid throughout the period of agreement, from the date of purchase of the loan pool assets.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The scheme allows state-run banks to purchase pooled assets from non-bank financial companies. It was amended in December to accommodate low-rated NBFCs. The finance minister has approved its extension with an additional credit guarantee facility relating to short-term NBFC and HFC debt papers.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The government guarantee will be valid for 24 months from the date of purchase of the loan pool assets and shall cease earlier if the purchasing bank sells the assets.

https://www.bloombergquint.com/business/finance-ministry-releases-faqs-on-partial-credit-guarantee-scheme

Q7. With reference to the National Population Register (NPR), consider the following statements:

  1. The objective of the NPR is to create a comprehensive identity database of every citizen of the country.
  2. The database would contain demographic as well as biometric particulars.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The objective of the NPR is to create a comprehensive identity database of every usual resident in the country.

Statement 2 is correct. The database would contain demographic as well as biometric particulars.

https://censusindia.gov.in/2011-common/introductiontonpr.html

Q8. With reference to the Coalbed Methane (CBM), consider the following statements:

  1. India has the largest proven coal reserves in the world and thus holds significant prospects for exploration and exploitation of CBM. 
  2. The Dharwar sediments of eastern India host the bulk of India’s coal reserves and all the current CBM producing blocks.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. Coalbed Methane (CBM), is an unconventional source of natural gas. India has the fifth largest proven coal reserves in the world and thus holds significant prospects for exploration and exploitation of CBM. The Gondwana sediments of eastern India host the bulk of India’s coal reserves and all the current CBM producing blocks.

http://www.dghindia.org/index.php/page?pageId=38

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(a)

3-(a)

4-(c)

5-(d)

6-(a)

7-(b)

8-(d)