Q1. The term, Havana syndrome, recently seen in news, refers to

(a) The feeling of illness due to hearing strange sounds

(b) Neurological disorder at the time of birth

(c) A disease caused due to seafood       

(d) None of the above.

Option A is correct. The term, Havana syndrome, recently seen in news, refers to the feeling of illness     due to hearing strange sounds. The symptoms included nausea, severe headaches, fatigue, dizziness, sleep problems, and hearing loss.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/what-is-havana-syndrome-us-report-russia-7095390/

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) is an independent international institute dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament. 
  2. According to a recent report by SIPRI, the global military expenditure rose to around $2000 billion in 2019 with India and China emerging among the top three spenders.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) is an independent international institute dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament. According to a recent report by SIPRI, the global military expenditure rose to around $2000 billion in 2019 with India and China emerging among the top three spenders.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-china-among-top-three-military-spenders-in-2019-sipri-report/article31445560.ece

                  https://www.sipri.org/about

Q3. With reference to the LiDAR technology, consider the following statements:

  1. LiDAR is a popular remote sensing method used for measuring the exact distance of an object on the earth’s surface.
  2. The technology uses eye-safe laser beams to create a 3D representation of the surveyed environment.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. LiDAR, or light detection and ranging, is a popular remote sensing method used for measuring the exact distance of an object on the earth’s surface. The technology uses eye-safe laser beams to create a 3D representation of the surveyed environment.             

https://www.geospatialworld.net/blogs/what-is-lidar-technology-and-how-does-it-work/

Q4. With reference to the food fortification in India, consider the following statements:

  1. Food fortification is a powerful, proven and cost effective process, in which the essential micronutrients can be specifically added.
  2.  The country’s food regulator, FSSAI has established standards for fortification of rice, wheat flour, edible oil, double fortified salt (DFS) and milk.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Food fortification is a powerful, proven and cost effective process through which micronutrients are added to food chemically, biologically or physically.

Statement 2 is correct.   The country’s food regulator—Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)—established standards for fortification of rice, wheat flour, edible oil, double fortified salt (DFS), and milk. It also established the Food Fortification Resource Centre, developed the ‘+F’ logo, and built capacity for producers.

https://dalberg.com/our-ideas/fortifying-india-challenges-and-opportunities-for-large-scale-food-fortification-in-india/#:~:text=In%20India%2C%20the%20journey%20with,earlier%20government%20initiatives%20in%20India.

Q5. Consider the following statements:

  1. There are two basic principles for making the houses in desert areas, which includes the pontoon principle and another one based on the ship.
  2. Floating houses are those structures which float only during floods.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. There are two basic principles for making floating houses. First is the pontoon principle in which one makes a solid platform, lighter than the water and the other based on the ship in which a hollow concrete box is created which is open on the top.

Floating houses are now constructed which float only during floods. Thus, there are two types of floating houses, one which permanently float and other that float only during flood waters else get placed on ground, particularly during dry season when there is no water.

https://www.mgsarchitecture.in/architecture-design/projects/380-floating-and-moving-houses-a-need-of-tomorrow.html

Q6. Recently, the government of which one of the following states, introduced the home stay scheme of its Forest Department, in order to offer tourists an experience of living in the natural Tharu habitat?

(a) Maharashtra

 (b) Uttar Pradesh

(c) Telangana

(d) Assam

Option B is correct. The U.P state government is working to connect Tharu villages in the districts of Balrampur, Bahraich, Lakhimpur and Pilibhit bordering Nepal, with the home stay scheme of the UP Forest Department. The idea is to offer tourists an experience of living in the natural Tharu habitat, in traditional huts made of grass collected mainly from the forests.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-who-are-the-tharu-tribals-of-the-up-terai-7095740/

 Q7. The Vadhavan port, which will be India’s 13th major port, belongs to the Indian state of

(a) West Bengal

 (b) Gujarat

(c) Tamil Nadu

(d) Maharashtra

Option D is correct. The Vadhavan port, which will be India’s 13th major port, belongs to the Indian state of Maharashtra.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/maharashtra-dahanu-protests-vadhavan-jnpt-port-project-7092466/

Q8. Recently, which UT of India became the first 100 per cent organic, in which all farming is carried out without the use of synthetic fertilisers and pesticides, providing access to safer food choices and making agriculture a more environment-friendly activity?

(a) Lakshadweep

 (b) Andaman and Nicobar

(c) Puducherry 

(d) Ladakh

Option A is correct. After Sikkim, Lakshadweep is the first Union Territory to become 100 per cent organic as all farming is carried out without the use of synthetic fertilisers and pesticides, providing access to safer food choices and making agriculture a more environment-friendly activity.

https://www.dailypioneer.com/2020/india/lakshadweep-first-ut-to-become-100--organic.html#:~:text=After%20Sikkim%2C%20Lakshadweep%20is%20the,a%20more%20environment%2Dfriendly%20activity.

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(c)

3-(c)

4-(b)

5-(d)

6-(b)

7-(d)

8-(a)