Q1. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. Auroras occur when charged particles ejected from the Sun’s surface, enters the Earth’s atmosphere.
  2. Generally, the auroral oval is confined to the polar regions. 

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Northern Lights, also known as aurora borealis, are usually witnessed far up in the polar regions or the high latitude regions of Europe, like in Norway Auroras occur when charged particles ejected from the Sun’s surface, enter the Earth’s atmosphere. Generally, the auroral oval is confined to the polar regions. 

SOURCE: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/northern-lights-aurora-borealis-in-the-us-7099414/

 

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. Anthrax is a serious infectious disease caused by gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria.
  2. It can be found naturally in soil and only affects the domestic animals.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct.  Anthrax is a serious infectious disease caused by gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria known as Bacillus anthracis.

Statement 2 is incorrect. Anthrax can be found naturally in soil and commonly affects domestic and wild animals around the world.

https://www.cdc.gov/anthrax/basics/index.html

Q3. With reference to the ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting Plus (ADMM-Plus), consider the following statements:

  1. ADMM-Plus is a platform for ASEAN and its eight Dialogue Partners, which does not include India.
  2. Since 2017, the ADMM-Plus meets annually, to allow enhanced dialogue and cooperation among ASEAN and the Plus Countries in the midst of an increasingly challenging regional security environment.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. ADMM-Plus is a platform for ASEAN and its eight Dialogue Partners, Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand, Republic of Korea, Russia and the United States (collectively referred to as the “Plus Countries”). 

Statement 2 is correct. Since 2017, the ADMM-Plus meets annually, to allow enhanced dialogue and cooperation among ASEAN and the Plus Countries in the midst of an increasingly challenging regional security environment. 

https://admm.asean.org/index.php/about-admm/about-admm-plus.html

Q4. With reference to the Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) technology, consider the following statements:

  1. QKD is primarily a mechanism to undertake secure communication which utilises a cryptographic protocol, involving various components of quantum mechanics. 
  2. The QKD technology has been developed by NASA recently and India it yet to develop the same.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. QKD is primarily a mechanism to undertake secure communication which utilises a cryptographic protocol, involving various components of quantum mechanics.    

Statement 2 is incorrect. The QKD technology has been developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in India, recently.

https://indianexpress.com/article/india/drdo-successfully-tests-quantum-key-distribution-tech-for-secure-communication-between-2-facilities/

Q5. Which one of the following institutions has received the "2020 UN Population Award" in the institutional category, from India?

(a) Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC)          

 (b) NGO HelpAge India 

 (c) NITI Aayog  

 (d) Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai

Option B is correct. NGO HelpAge India received the "2020 UN Population Award" in the institutional category recently, for its contribution towards serving disadvantaged elderly people and raising awareness on their cause.

https://www.outlookindia.com/newsscroll/helpage-india-gets-2020-un-population-award/1991139#:~:text=Bhutan''s%20Queen%20Mother,diploma%20and%20a%20monetary%20prize.

Q6. With reference to the Payments Infrastructure Development Fund, created recently in the country, consider the following statements:

  1. It has been set up by RBI, in order to encourage acquirers to deploy Points of Sale (PoS) infrastructure.
  2.  It has been specifically introduced for the backward states, in the country.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The RBI has created a Payments Infrastructure Development Fund (PIDF) to encourage acquirers to deploy Points of Sale (PoS) infrastructure — both physical and digital modes — in tier-3 to tier-6 centres and north eastern states. Hence, Statement 2 is incorrect.

https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/rbi-creates-500-cr-fund-to-boost-payment-infrastructure/article31761067.ece

Q7. With reference to Export Credit Guarantee Corporation of India Limited, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. It is a company, equally owned by the Government of India and the Indian industries.
  2. It provides export credit insurance support to Indian exporters and is controlled by the Ministry of External Affairs. 

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. It is a company, wholly owned by the Government of India. It provides export credit insurance support to Indian exporters and is controlled by the Ministry of Commerce. 

http://agriexchange.apeda.gov.in/Ready%20Reckoner/ECGC.aspx

Q8. With reference to the Healthy and Energy Efficient Buildings Initiative seen recently in the news, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. It has been launched by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), in partnership with World Bank.
  2.  It aims to pioneer the ways to make all the Indian cities greener.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. On occasion of World Environment Day, Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a joint venture of PSUs under Ministry of Power, in partnership with the U.S. Agency for International Development’s (USAID) MAITREE program, launched the “Healthy and Energy Efficient Buildings” initiative that will pioneer ways to make workplaces healthier and greener. Statement 2 is incorrect.

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1629597#:~:text=EESL%20and%20USAID%20Announce%20the%20%E2%80%9CHealthy%20and%20Energy%20Efficient%20Buildings%E2%80%9D%20Initiative&text=As%20people%20return%20to%20their,and%20the%20overall%20public%20health.

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(a)

3-(b)

4-(a)

5-(b)

6-(a)

7-(d)

8-(d)