Q1. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. Rossby waves, which are also known as planetary waves, naturally occur in rotating fluids. 
  2. Oceanic and atmospheric Rossby waves naturally occur largely due to the Earth's rotation.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Rossby waves, which are also known as planetary waves, naturally occur in rotating fluids. Oceanic and atmospheric Rossby waves naturally occur largely due to the Earth's rotation.

https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/rossby-wave.html

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. Malaria is a disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes.
  2. The WHO Asian Region carries a disproportionately high share of the global malaria burden.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.        

Statement 1 is correct. Malaria is a disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The WHO African Region carries a disproportionately high share of the global malaria burden. 

https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/malaria

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. GSLV-MkIII is meant to carry payloads up to four to five tons and that was not possible with conventional propellants used by ISRO’s main launch vehicle, called PSLV.
  2. The GSLV-MkIII is entirely a home grown launch vehicle.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.        

Both statements are correct. GSLV-MkIII is meant to carry payloads up to four to five tons and that was not possible with conventional propellants used by ISRO’s main launch vehicle, called PSLV. The GSLV-MkIII is entirely a home grown launch vehicle.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/tech-denied-isro-built-cryo-engine-on-its-own-4690709/

Q4. With reference to the concept of Assets Under Management (AUM), consider the following statements:

  1. It is the total market valueof the investments that a person or entity manages on behalf of clients.     
  2. AUM is not used in evaluating a company or investment.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.        

Statement 1 is correct. AUM is the total market value of the investments that a person or entity manages on behalf of clients. Assets under management definitions and formulas vary by company.

Statement 2 is incorrect. Overall, AUM is only one aspect used in evaluating a company or investment. 

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/a/aum.asp#:~:text=Assets%20under%20management%20(AUM)%20is,and%20cash%20in%20their%20calculations.

Q5. With reference to the CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora), consider the following statements:

  1. CITES is an international agreement, which is binding upon the parties concerned and takes the place of their national laws.
  2. It is confined to the trade of endangered species only.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. CITES is an international agreement to which States and regional economic integration organizations adhere voluntarily. Although CITES is legally binding on the Parties – in other words they have to implement the Convention – it does not take the place of national laws.

Statement 2 is incorrect.  Many wildlife species in trade are not endangered, but the existence of an agreement to ensure the sustainability of the trade is important in order to safeguard these resources for the future.

https://cites.org/eng/disc/what.php

Q6. The term ‘Fertigation’, often seen in the news, refers to

(a) A method of biodecomposition          

 (b) A method of fertilizer application     

 (c) The process of growing organic plants            

 (d) A decrease in fertility of the soil

Option B is correct. Fertigation is a method of fertilizer application in which fertilizer is incorporated within the irrigation water by the drip system. In this system fertilizer solution is distributed evenly in irrigation.

https://agritech.tnau.ac.in/agriculture/agri_nutrientmgt_fertigation.html#:~:text=Fertigation%20is%20a%20method%20of,therefore%20the%20efficiency%20is%20more.

Q7. Consider the following statements:

  1. Sea surface temperature (SST) is routinely used for predicting whether the total amount of rainfall that India receives during the monsoon season will be less or more than the long-term mean.
  2. Ocean Mean Temperature (OMT) has the better ability to predict this than the sea surface temperature.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Sea surface temperature (SST) is routinely used for predicting whether the total amount of rainfall that India receives during the monsoon season will be less or more than the long-term mean. Ocean Mean Temperature (OMT) has the better ability to predict this than the sea surface temperature.

https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/ocean-mean-temperature-can-better-predict-indian-summer-monsoon/article24842963.ece

Q8. Consider the following statements:

  1. Schedules I and II of the Wild life Protection Act, 1972, cover endangered species of plants such as pitcher plant and kuth among others. 
  2. Schedules V of the act covers the endangered species such as cheetah, musk deer, rhinoceros, and Tibetan gazelle. 

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect.  Schedules I and II of the Wild life Protection Act, 1972, cover endangered species such as cheetah, musk deer, rhinoceros, and Tibetan gazelle among others. 

Schedule VI of the Act lays down provisions for such plant species whose cultivation is prohibited. There are a total of six such plant species including pitcher plant and kuth among others.

https://lexlife.in/2020/05/03/wildlife-protection-act-1972/

Ques  Ans:                             

1-(c)

2-(a)

3-(c)

4-(a)

5-(d)

6-(b)

7-(c)

8-(d)