Q1. The Pratas Islands, recently seen in news, are located in

(a) Arabian Sea

(b) South China Sea        

(c) South Pacific Ocean 

(d) Atlantic Ocean

Option B is correct. The Pratas Islands, recently seen in news, are located in South China Sea.  These are under the jurisdiction of the Republic of China (Taiwan), closer to China’s mainland coast than to the island of Taiwan.

https://thediplomat.com/2020/12/the-pratas-islands-a-new-flashpoint-in-the-south-china-sea/

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. The history of the Indian fertilizer industry dates back to the beginning of the twentieth century, when the first fertilizer factory opened in the present state of Tamil Nadu. 
  2. The fertilizer industry in India is in the core sector and second to steel in terms of investment.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The history of the Indian fertilizer industry dates back to the beginning of the twentieth century, when the first fertilizer factory opened in the present state of Tamil Nadu. The fertilizer industry in India is in the core sector and second to steel in terms of investment.

http://www.fao.org/3/a0257e/A0257E03.htm

Q3. Which of the following national parks is/are located along the Cauvery basin?

  1.  Rajiv Gandhi National Park
  2. Bandipur National Park
  3. Desert National Park

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

 (c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1 and 2 only

Option D is correct.

Q4. Consider the following statements regarding the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO):

  1. The RATS is the supreme decision-making body in the SCO, which meets once a year and adopts decisions and guidelines on all important matters of the organisation.
  2. The organisation has two permanent bodies, which are based in Beijing and Moscow.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. The Heads of State Council is the supreme decision-making body in the SCO, which meets once a year and adopts decisions and guidelines on all important matters of the organisation. The organisation has two permanent bodies — the SCO Secretariat based in Beijing and the Executive Committee of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) based in Tashkent.

http://eng.sectsco.org/about_sco/

Q5. Consider the following statements:

  1. Ammonia occurs naturally in the environment from the breakdown of organic waste matter and may also find its way to ground and surface water sources.
  2. There is no acceptable maximum limit of ammonia in drinking water, as per the Bureau of Indian Standards. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Ammonia occurs naturally in the environment from the breakdown of organic waste matter and may also find its way to ground and surface water sources.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The acceptable maximum limit of ammonia in drinking water, as per the Bureau of Indian Standards, is 0.5 ppm. 

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/high-levels-of-ammonia-in-yamuna-water-6527247/

Q6. With reference to the Global Environment Facility (GEF), consider the following statements:

  1. It was established on the eve of the 2015 Paris Climate Summit to help tackle our planet’s most pressing environmental problems. 
  2.  There are both developed as well as the developing Participants in the GEF.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. It was established on the eve of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit to help tackle our planet’s most pressing environmental problems. 

Statement 2 is correct. The GEF has 183 member countries. In the Instrument, GEF member countries are referred to as Participants. In general terms there are developed and developing Participants in the GEF. 

https://www.thegef.org/partners/countries-participants

Q7. Which one of the following best describes the objective of recently launched ‘AstroGen project’?

 (a) It is a genealogy project for academics to trace their ‘ancestors’. 

 (b) It has been launched for further study the nature of universe.

 (c) It aims at taking support of global astronauts by the Indian scientists in making more effective artificial satellites

 (d) It’s a project to provide assistance to the astronomers, while working in space.

Option A is correct. The Astronomy Genealogy or AstroGen project allows these academics to trace their ‘ancestors’. In academic genealogy, however, a person’s ‘parent’ is their thesis advisor.

https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/science-technology/new-genealogy-project-allows-astronomers-to-trace-ancestors--72531

Q8. Consider the following statements:

  1. Indira Gandhi Matritva Poshan Yojana for the maternity benefits has been launched by the government of India recently.
  2. It is aimed at addressing the concerns of low level of nutrition, during the birth second child in the family.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Indira Gandhi Matritva Poshan Yojana for maternity benefits has been launched in the state of Rajasthan recently.

Statement 2 is correct. It is aimed at addressing the concerns of low level of nutrition, during the birth second child in the family.

https://poshan.outlookindia.com/story/poshan-news-rajasthan-pilot-scheme-to-address-malnutrition-in-high-burden-districts/348925

Ques  Ans:

1-(b)

2-(c)

3-(d)

4-(d)

5-(a)

6-(b)

7-(a)

8-(b)