Q1. The Geminids meteor showers, which are active in the month of December in the northern hemisphere and are considered to be best for viewing in the nights, are witnessed

(a) Only during the phenomenon of polar vortex.             

(b) When Earth passes through the trail of debris left behind by a comet or an asteroid. 

(c) During the solar eclipse          

(d) Once in twelve years

Option B is correct. Meteors are bits of rock and ice that are ejected from comets as they manoeuvre around their orbits around the sun. For instance, the Orionids meteors emerge from the comet 1P/Halley and make their yearly presence in October. Meteor showers are witnessed when Earth passes through the trail of debris left behind by a comet or an asteroid.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-what-makes-the-geminids-meteor-shower-unique-7104522/

Q2. With reference to Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) scheme, consider the following statements:

  1. The respective state governments are responsible for the implementation of the scheme.
  2. The Rajya Sabha members are not eligible for the scheme.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only           

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. The Members of Parliament Local Area Development Division is entrusted with the responsibility of implementation of Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS). Under the scheme, each MP has the choice to suggest to the District Collector for works to the tune of Rs.5 Crores per annum to be taken up in his/her constituency.

The Rajya Sabha Members of Parliament can recommend works in one or more districts in the State from where he/she has been elected. So they have this opportunity.

https://www.mplads.gov.in/mplads/Default.aspx

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1.  Recently, some new cases of fungal infection has found to be triggered by Covid-19 which causes loss of eyesight, removal of the nose, jaw-bone or even death if left untreated. 
  2.  The fungus leads to a disease called Mucormycosis.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only          

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Recently, some new cases of fungal infection has found to be triggered by Covid-19 which causes loss of eyesight, removal of the nose, jaw-bone or even death if left untreated.  The fungus leads to a disease called Mucormycosis or Black Fungus, previously called as zygomycosis. 

https://www.india.com/news/india/doctors-detect-covid-linked-airborne-killer-black-fungus-ganga-ram-hospital-reports-dozen-cases-details-here-4267725/

Q4. Consider the following statements:

This festival got originated in Kerala as a celebration to remember the golden rule of King Mahabali, a mythical king. Snake boat races, Puli Kali, Kaikottikkali and other traditional rituals are performed followed by a lavish feast called 'Sadhya'. The ten days of this festival are called by different names.

Which one of the following festivals has been referred here?

(a) Onam

 (b) Pongal

(c) Vishu

(d) Thiruvathira

Option A is correct. The festival of Onam got originated in Kerala as a celebration to remember the golden rule of King Mahabali, a mythical king. Snake boat races, Puli Kali, Kaikottikkali and other traditional rituals are performed followed by a lavish feast called 'Sadhya'. The ten days of this festival are called by different names.

https://www.news18.com/news/india/onam-the-legend-behind-keralas-state-festival-500288.html

Q5. Consider the following statements regarding the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs):

  1.  The Planning Commission of India created Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs) as a separate category in 1970s, which was later renamed as PVTGs.
  2. PVTGs are now constitutionally recognized.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. The Dhebar Commission created Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs) as a separate category in 1970s, which was later renamed as PVTGs. PVTGs are not constitutionally recognized.

https://indiantribalheritage.org/?page_id=22029

https://vikaspedia.in/social-welfare/scheduled-tribes-welfare/primitive-vulnerable-tribal-groups

Q6. With reference to PM Jan Dhan Yojana, consider the following statements:

  1. The scheme envisages universal access to banking facilities with only one basic banking account for every household.
  2. Under the new version of PNJDY2.0, the government has doubled the free accidental insurance cover on RuPay cards.

    Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. PM Jan Dhan Yojana envisages universal access to banking facilities with at least one basic banking account for every household, financial literacy, access to credit, insurance and pension.

Statement 2 is correct. Under the new version of PNJDY2.0, the government decided to shift focus from 'Every Household' to 'Every Unbanked Adult' and also doubled the free accidental insurance cover on RuPay cards.

https://pmjdy.gov.in/about

Q7. Consider the following statements:

  1. Indian Railways introduced the first RO-RO service on Eastern Railway in 1990s.
  2. The RO-RO model is a useful and as it helps in saving fuel and turn around time and is more economical than the cost incurred by road.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Indian Railways introduced the Roll-on-Roll-off (RO-RO) service on Konkan Railway during the year 1999. Since then, the service is running on Konkan Railway on diesel route.

Statement 2 is correct. Roll-on-Roll-off’ is one such delivery model which can provide multimodal transport mix. Under the scheme, loaded trucks would be moved on the flat rakes to avoid congestion on the roads. In a rake, approximately 44 loaded/ empty trucks will be moved. The RO-RO model is a useful and as it helps in saving fuel and turn around time and is more economical than the cost incurred by road.

https://www.livemint.com/news/india/indian-railways-ro-ro-service-help-pull-off-freight-traffic-during-covid-19-pandemic-11586893441730.html

Q8. Recently, the GI tagged ‘Kandhamal haldi’, was in news. It is known to be grown in which one of the following regions?

(a) Eastern India              

 (b) Western India           

 (c) Southern India

 (d) Northern India

Option A is correct. 'Kandhamal Haldi', a variety of turmeric indigenous to southern Odisha, has earned the Geographical indication (GI) tag from Intellectual Property India, an organisation functioning under the auspices of the Union ministry of commerce & industry.

https://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/on-foundation-day-odisha-receives-gi-tag-for-kandhamal-haldi-119040101058_1.html

Ques  Ans:

1-(b)

2-(d)

3-(c)

4-(a)

5-(d)

6-(b)

7-(b)

8-(a)