Q1. Recently, the chief minister of Andhra Pradesh approved a proposal to have three capitals for the state, in which Amaravati is proposed as the legislative capital, Visakhapatnam as the home for executive and Kurnool as the judicial capital. In this context, which one of the following is the correct order, when these are arranged from north to south?

(a) Visakhapatnam, Kurnool, Amravati

(b) Visakhapatnam, Amravati, Kurnool

(c) Kurnool, Visakhapatnam, Amravati

(d) Amravati, Kurnool, Visakhapatnam

Option B is correct. Visakhapatnam, Amravati, Kurnool

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) petition can be filed by any member of the public for any matter of public interest, for redress of public wrong or injury.
  2. A Writ Petition may be filed by an aggrieved person, to seek legal remedies for violation of fundamental rights. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) petition can be filed by any member of the public for any matter of public interest, for redress of public wrong or injury.  A Writ Petition may be filed by an aggrieved person, to seek legal remedies for violation of fundamental rights.           

https://www.hlrn.org.in/documents/How_to_File_a_PIL.htm

Q3. The Human Freedom Index 2020, which measures the performance of various countries on the parameters of personal, civil and economic freedom, is published by

(a) World Economic Forum         

(b) United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

(c) World Bank 

(d) Think tanks of USA and Canada

Option D is correct. The Human Freedom Index 2020, which uses data from 2008 to 2018, by the Cato Institute in the United States and Fraser Institute in Canada, noted a decrease in personal freedoms since 2008 globally.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-ranks-111-out-of-162-countries-on-personal-freedom-index/article33358167.ece

Q4. Consider the following statements:

  1. The term used to describe the locations of various points in an orbit is called True anomaly.
  2. The points where an orbit crosses a reference plane, such as the ecliptic or the celestial equator are called Nodes.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The term used to describe the locations of various points in an orbit is called True anomaly. The points where an orbit crosses a reference plane, such as the ecliptic or the celestial equator are called Nodes.

https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/basics/chapter5-1/

Q5. With reference to the Bitcoins, consider the following statements:

  1. There are no physical bitcoins, only balances kept on a public ledger that everyone has transparent access to, which is verified by a massive amount of computing power.
  2. Being a legal tender, Bitcoin charts high on popularity and has triggered the launch of hundreds of other virtual currencies collectively referred to as Altcoins.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. There are no physical bitcoins, only balances kept on a public ledger that everyone has transparent access to, is verified by a massive amount of computing power.        

Statement 2 is incorrect.  Despite it not being legal tender, Bitcoin charts high on popularity, and has triggered the launch of hundreds of other virtual currencies collectively referred to as Altcoins.              

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/b/bitcoin.asp

Q6. Recently, the rail link between Haldibari and Chilahati was inaugurated by the Prime minister of India, which now connects India and

(a) Bangladesh

 (b) Nepal           

 (c) Myanmar

 (d) Pakistan

Option A is correct. Defunct since the India-Pakistan war of 1965, the rail link between Haldibari and Chilahati was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Bangladeshi counterpart Sheikh Hasina, taking the number of operational rail links between the two countries to five.

https://www.ndtv.com/india-news/prime-minister-narendra-modi-sheikh-hasina-inaugurate-haldibari-chilahati-rail-link-between-india-and-bangladesh-2340290

Q7. Consider the following statements:

  1. The magnetopause is the region of space surrounding Earth, where the dominant magnetic field is the magnetic field of Earth, rather than the magnetic field of interplanetary space. 
  2. The magnetosphere is the boundary, which is constantly in motion as Earth is buffeted by the ever-changing solar wind.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. The magnetosphere is the region of space surrounding Earth where the dominant magnetic field is the magnetic field of Earth, rather than the magnetic field of interplanetary space. The magnetosphere is formed by the interaction of the solar wind with Earth’s magnetic field. This figure illustrates the shape and size of Earth’s magnetic field that is continually changing as it is buffeted by the solar wind. The boundary between the solar wind and Earth’s magnetic field is called the magnetopause. The boundary is constantly in motion as Earth is buffeted by the ever-changing solar wind.

https://www.swpc.noaa.gov/phenomena/earths-magnetosphere

Q8. Consider the following statements:

 It is one of the UNESCO’s world heritage site in India. This grandiose site was the last capital of the last great Hindu Kingdom of Vijayanagar. It is dominated by the river Tungabhadra, craggy hill ranges and open plains and with widespread of physical remains of Dravidian architecture. This site is

(a) Mahabalipuram

(b) Hampi

(c) Darasuram

(d) Khajuraho

Option B is correct. Hampi is one of the UNESCO’s world heritage site in India. This grandiose site was the last capital of the last great Hindu Kingdom of Vijayanagar. It is dominated by the river Tungabhadra, craggy hill ranges and open plains and with widespread of physical remains of Dravidian architecture

https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/241/

Ques  Ans:

1-(b)

2-(c)

3-(d)

4-(c)

5-(a)

6-(a)

7-(d)

8-(b)