Q1. If the high court or the Supreme Court of India, issues the writ of Habeas Corpus, what does it mean?

(a) A prisoner can be released from unlawful detention.

(b) Compelling someone to execute a duty that they are legally obligated to complete.

(c) When inferior court or tribunal proceeds to act without jurisdiction or in excess of jurisdiction.

(d) None of the above.

Option A is correct. Habeas Corpus is the most valuable writ for personal liberty. Habeas Corpus means, "Let us have the body." A person, when arrested, can move the Court for the issue of Habeas Corpus. It is an order by a Court to the detaining authority to produce the arrested person before it so that it may examine whether the person has been detained lawfully or otherwise. 

https://www.latestlaws.com/articles/analysis-of-types-of-writs-under-constitution-of-india-landmark-cases-by-tanu-kapoor/#:~:text=A%20writ%20of%20habeas%20corpus%2C%20also%20known%20as%20the%20%22great,court%20to%20determine%20whether%20the

Q2. With reference to the President’s rule in India, consider the following statements:

  1. During the President’s Rule, the central government takes direct control of the state in question and the Governor becomes its constitutional head.
  2. Article 356 of the Constitution of India gives the President of India the power to impose this rule on a state on the advice of the Union Council of Ministers.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. During the President’s Rule, the central government takes direct control of the state in question and the Governor becomes its constitutional head. Article 356 of the Constitution of India gives the President of India the power to impose this rule on a state on the advice of the Union Council of Ministers.           

https://www.business-standard.com/about/what-is-president-s-rule

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. A bad bank is a bank set up to buy the bad loans and other illiquid holdings of another financial institution. 
  2. Bad banks are typically set up in times of crisis.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only              

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. A bad bank is a bank set up to buy the bad loans and other illiquid holdings of another financial institution. Bad banks are typically set up in times of crisis.

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/badbank.asp

Q4. Consider the following statements:

  1. India adopted the E20 fuel along with the introduction of BS-VI norms.
  2. E20 is a blend of 20% ethanol with gasoline (petrol) and can be used as an alternative to the fuels currently available. 

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only              

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The government of India has proposed the adoption of E20 fuel for vehicular use. It has not yet adopted.

Statement 2 is correct. E20 is a blend of 20% ethanol with gasoline (petrol) and can be used as an alternative to the fuels currently available. 

https://www.financialexpress.com/auto/industry/indian-government-mulls-e20-ethanol-mixed-petrol-to-curb-vehicle-emissions-pros-and-cons-explained-bio-fuel-biofuel-for-cars-in-india-alcohol-ethanol-powered-cars-in-india-flexi-fuel-cars/2153563/

Q5. Consider the following statements:

  1. Intentional genomic alteration in animals refers to making specific changes to the genome of the organism using modern molecular technologies that are popularly referred to as “genome editing”.
  2. Recently, the FSSAI has approved a first-of-its-kind intentional genomic alteration (IGA) in a line of domestic pigs referred to as GalSafe pigs.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only              

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. 1. Intentional genomic alteration in animals refers to making specific changes to the genome of the organism using modern molecular technologies that are popularly referred to as “genome editing”.

Statement 2 is incorrect. Recently, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a first-of-its-kind intentional genomic alteration (IGA) in a line of domestic pigs referred to as GalSafe pigs.              

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-what-fda-nod-for-genetically-modified-pigs-means-7110376/

Q6. With reference to the Coalition for Disaster-Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI), consider the following statements:

  1. The mission was launched by India at the UN Secretary-General’s Climate Action Summit.
  2. CDRI’s mission is to rapidly expand the development of resilient infrastructure and retrofit existing infrastructure for resilience, and to enable a measurable reduction in infrastructure losses. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The mission was launched by India at the UN Secretary-General’s Climate Action Summit. CDRI’s mission is to rapidly expand the development of resilient infrastructure and retrofit existing infrastructure for resilience, and to enable a measurable reduction in infrastructure losses. 

https://sdg.iisd.org/news/india-launches-global-coalition-for-disaster-resilient-infrastructure/

Q7. With reference to the process of removal of judges of the Supreme Court of India, consider the following statements:

  1. Judges of the Supreme Court can be removed only on the grounds, as decided by the Parliament.
  2. They cannot be removed from office except by an order of the President passed after an address in each House of Parliament, supported by special majority.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. They can be removed only on the grounds of proved misbehaviour or incapacity.

Statement 2 is correct. A Judge of the Supreme Court cannot be removed from office except by an order of the President passed after an address in each House of Parliament, supported by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of members present and voting and presented to the President.

https://main.sci.gov.in/constitution#:~:text=A%20Judge%20of%20the%20Supreme%20Court%20cannot%20be%20removed%20from,presented%20to%20the%20President%20in

Q8. Consider the following statements:

  1. The Air Quality Index (AQI) India provides real-time data, specifically about the temperature and humidity of our location, city and state.
  2. The level of pollution rises every year in the month of January in India.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The Air Quality Index (AQI) India provides real-time data about PM2.5, PM10, temperature, humidity and noise data of our location, city and state.  

Statement 2 is incorrect. The level of pollution rises every year in the month of October every year. October usually marks the withdrawal of monsoons in Northwest India. During monsoons, the prevalent direction of wind is easterly. 

https://www.aqi.in/

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-why-does-air-pollution-rise-in-october-each-year-6759030/               

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(c)

3-(c)

4-(b)

5-(a)

6-(c)

7-(b)

8-(d)