Q1. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1.  Khudiram Bose was one of the youngest revolutionary freedom fighter, who was executed for his role in the Muzaffarpur conspiracy case. 
  2. He was associated with the Anushilan Samiti, which propounded revolutionary activities in Bengal.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Khudiram Bose was the youngest revolutionary freedom fighter, who was executed for his role in the Muzaffarpur conspiracy case. He was associated with the Anushilan Samiti, which propounded revolutionary activities in Bengal.

https://www.ndtv.com/india-news/khudiram-bose-death-anniversary-the-18-year-old-freedom-fighter-who-went-to-gallows-with-a-smile-and-the-bhagawad-gita-2277508

Q2. With reference to the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs), consider the following statements:

  1.  They have some specific features such as dependency on hunting, gathering for food, having pre-agriculture level of technology, zero or negative growth of population and extremely low level of literacy.
  2. No tribes of the Andaman and Nicobar as well as the Lakshadweep islands are included among PVTGs.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. PVTGs have some specific features such as dependency on hunting, gathering for food, having pre-agriculture level of technology, zero or negative growth of population and extremely low level of literacy.

Statement 2 is incorrect. Except Nicobarese, rest of the 05 tribe viz., Great Andamanese, Jarawa, Sentinelese, Onge and Shompen are recognized as PVTGs.

https://vikaspedia.in/social-welfare/scheduled-tribes-welfare/particularly-vulnerable-tribal-groups

Q3. The term, “Strategic Trade Authorisation-1” (STA-1), sometimes seen in the news, is associated with which one of the following countries?

(a) Japan           

 (b) USA 

 (c) China

 (d) Australia

Option B is correct. India recently became the third Asian country after Japan and South Korea to get the Strategic Trade Authorisation-1 (STA-1) status after the U.S. issued a federal notification to this effect, paving the way for high-technology product sales to New Delhi, particularly in civil space and defence sectors.    

https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/india-third-asian-nation-to-get-sta-1-status-from-us/article24603607.ece

Q4. Consider the following statements:

  1. A Ponzi scheme is an investment scamor a fraudthat lures investors to promise high returns with a minimal amount of risk. 
  2. India has a dedicated law, to curb down such schemes.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. A Ponzi scheme is an investment scam or a fraud that lures investors to promise high returns with a minimal amount of risk.  

Statement 2 is incorrect. The Rajya Sabha recently passed the Banning of Unregulated Deposit Schemes Bill, 2019, which looks to prevent unregulated entities from collecting deposits and duping the poor and gullible of their hard earned savings. At present , there is no dedicated law for this in India.

https://blog.finology.in/investing/what-is-ponzi-scheme#:~:text=Saradha%20scam%2D%20This%20is%20probably,200%20private%20companies%20under%20it.

Q5. Consider the following statements with respect to the Information Fusion Centre – Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR):

  1. IFC-IOR was inaugurated in 2018 and is tasked to collate, fuse and disseminate intelligence on ‘White Shipping’ in the Indian Ocean.
  2. It aims to base 40 international liaison officers, once a suitable infrastructure to house them is in place.            

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2               

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. IFC-IOR was inaugurated in 2018 and is tasked to collate, fuse and disseminate intelligence on ‘White Shipping’ in the Indian Ocean. It aims to base 40 international liaison officers, once a suitable infrastructure to house them is in place.

https://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/2019/nov/29/first-international-liaison-officer-posted-to-ifc-ior-2068677.html

Q6. Himalayan Trillium, which was recently declared as “endangered” by the IUCN, is a

(a) Mountain peak

 (b) Primate found in Himalayas

(c) Migratory bird            

(d) Herb of Himalayas

 Option D is correct. Himalayan Trillium is a robust, trifoliate perennial herbaceous plant species with deep red and green coloured flowers on the axis and is found in the Himalayas.

https://www.greathimalayannationalpark.org/trillidium-govanianum/

Q7. Consider the following statements:

  1. Dhole is the only large carnivore, found in India that is under the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s ‘endangered’ category. 
  2. Only the state of Karnataka has shown success in terms of the conservation of dhole in India.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. Besides the tiger, the dhole is the only large carnivore in India that is under the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s ‘endangered’ category. Karnataka, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh ranks high in the conservation of the endangered dhole in India.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/three-states-rank-high-in-the-conservation-of-the-endangered-dhole/article32250471.ece

Q8. With reference to the Central Pollution Control Board and its functions, consider the following statements:

  1. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 provides for the establishment of Central and State Pollution Control Boards and enumerates the powers and functions of such Boards.
  2. The board is to plan and cause to be executed by a nationwide programme for the prevention, control or abatement of water pollution.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 provides for the establishment of Central and State Pollution Control Boards and enumerates the powers and functions of such Boards.

Statement 2 is correct. The board is to plan and cause to be executed by a nationwide programme for the prevention, control or abatement of water pollution.

https://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/99825/13/13_chapter%204%20final.pdf

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(a)

3-(b)

4-(a)

5-(c)

6-(d)

7-(d)

8-(c)