Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the Parliamentary Committees in India: 

  1. Broadly, Parliamentary Committees are of two kinds, one are appointed every year or periodically and their work goes on a continuous basis and another are appointed on an ad hoc basis as need arises.
  2. The Estimates Committee reports on 'what economies and administrative reform consistent with policy underlying the estimates' may be effected.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Broadly, Parliamentary Committees are of two kinds, one are appointed every year or periodically and their work goes on a continuous basis and another are appointed on an ad hoc basis as need arises. The Estimates Committee reports on 'what economies and administrative reform consistent with policy underlying the estimates' may be effected.

https://knowindia.gov.in/profile/the-union/parliamentary-committees.php

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. Under the Legal Services Authorities Act, the award made by the Lok Adalats is deemed to be a decree of a civil court and is final and binding on all parties and no appeal against such an award lies before any court of law. 
  2. There is a fixed court fee, payable when a matter is filed in a Lok Adalat.                

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Under the Legal Services Authorities Act, the award made by the Lok Adalats is deemed to be a decree of a civil court and is final and binding on all parties and no appeal against such an award lies before any court of law.  

 Statement 2 is incorrect. There is no court fee payable when a matter is filed in a Lok Adalat.    

https://nalsa.gov.in/lok-adalat

Q3. With reference to the Shigella infection, consider the following statements:

  1. Shigella infection is a contagious intestinal infection caused by a genus of bacteria, shigella.
  2. Internal bleeding in the organs is the common symptom.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Shigella infection is a contagious intestinal infection caused by a genus of bacteria, shigella.                                  

Statement 2 is incorrect. People with shigellosis may start experiencing symptoms within one or two days of the entry of germs in the body. The common symptoms are diarrhea (often bloody and painful), stomach pain, fever, nausea and vomiting. There have been cases too where people don’t experience any signs of the bacterial infection.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/shigella-explained-the-intestinal-infection-is-not-deadly-in-most-cases-7113751/

Q4. With reference to the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) programme, sometimes seen in the news, consider the following statements:

  1. The programme recognizes the value of learning acquired only within the formal setting and provides a government certificate for an individual’s skills. 
  2. This initiative is part of a larger programme on ‘Skill Development Planning at the level of ‘Gram Panchayat’ that focuses on introducing RPL in a structured manner in Gram Panchayats of various districts across the country.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The programme recognizes the value of learning acquired outside a formal setting and provides a government certificate for an individual’s skills. 

Statement 2 is correct.  This initiative is part of a larger programme on ‘Skill Development Planning at the level of ‘Gram Panchayat’ that focuses on introducing RPL in a structured manner in Gram Panchayats of various districts across the country.         

https://knnindia.co.in/news/newsdetails/state/free-prior-learning-program-for-workers-in-chandauli-varanasi

Q5. The World Population Prospects report, is released by which one of the following institutions?

(a) World Economic Forum

 (b) United Nations Development Programme

 (c) World Bank

(d) UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA)

Option D is correct. The World Population Prospects 2019: Highlights', is published by the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/india-likely-to-add-273-million-people-between-2019-and-2050-un-report/articleshow/69830509.cms?from=mdr

Q6. Consider the following statements:

  1. Van Gujjars are nomadic buffalo-herders, inhabited in the Kutch region of Gujarat.
  2. At present, they are given all the rights, under the provisions of the Forest Rights Act, 2006.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Van Gujjars are nomadic buffalo-herders, inhabiting the foothills of Himalayan states like Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The Uttarakhand H.C ordered  for the removal of Van Gujjar families from the Jim Corbett National Park, it said in no uncertain terms, “The Van Gujjars are a constant threat to the wildlife.

https://www.downtoearth.org.in/blog/forests/van-gujjars-a-repeat-of-historical-injustice-61655

Q7. With reference to the objectives of the Deen Dayal SPARSH Yojana, consider the following statements:

  1. It aims at promoting Philately among children that can supplement the academic curriculum, in addition to providing a hobby that can help them relax and de-stress.
  2. It was launched by the ministry of education.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct.  It aims at promoting Philately among children that can supplement the academic curriculum, in addition to providing a hobby that can help them relax and de-stress.

Statement 2 is incorrect. It was launched by the ministry of communications.

https://www.indiapost.gov.in/Philately/Pages/Content/Deen-Dayal-SPARSH-Yojana.aspx

Q8. Consider the following statements regarding the Central Information Commission of India, often seen in the news:

  1. The members are appointed by a three member committee, headed by the Home Minister of India.
  2. The Information Commissioner shall hold office for a term of five years and shall not be eligible for reappointment.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Section 12(3) of the RTI Act 2005 provides that a three member committee for the appointment of the members of information commission. These are as follows:
(i) The Prime Minister, who shall be the Chairperson of the committee;
(ii) The Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha and
(iii) A Union Cabinet Minister to be nominated by the Prime Minister.

Statement 2 is correct. The Information Commissioner shall hold office for a term of five years and shall not be eligible for reappointment.

https://cic.gov.in/who-are-we  

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(a)

3-(a)

4-(b)

5-(d)

6-(d)

7-(a)

8-(b)