Q1. Consider the following statements:

  1.  Autonomous District Councils are the institutions of local governance, created under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India with Executive, Legislative and Judicial powers. 
  2.  The Sixth Schedule was designed to protect tribal identity, preserve tribal custom and tradition and protect indigenous systems of management over their land, forest and natural resources.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Autonomous District Councils are the Institutions of local governance, created under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India with Executive, Legislative and Judicial powers.  The Sixth Schedule was designed to protect tribal identity, preserve tribal custom and tradition and protect indigenous systems of management over their land, forest and natural resources.

http://cleanshillong.nic.in/khadc.html

Q2. With reference to the National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP), consider the following statements:

  1. It is a first-of-its-kind initiative to provide world-class infrastructure across the country and improve the quality of life for all citizens.
  2.  A Development Finance Institution has been set up by the government recently, for funding of this ambitious national infrastructure pipeline.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP) is a first-of-its-kind initiative to provide world-class infrastructure across the country and improve the quality of life for all citizens.

Statement 2 is incorrect. A Development Finance Institution is planned to be set up by the government recently, for funding of this ambitious national infrastructure pipeline.            

                  https://www.businesstoday.in/current/economy-politics/govt-to-set-up-development-finance-institution-in-3-4-months/story/425723.html

Q3. Recently, the Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change along with the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) India came up with a unique initiative — a “firefly bird diverter” for overhead power lines, for the conservation of which one of the following bird species?

(a) Sparrow      

 (b) Great Indian Bustard              

 (c) Siberian Crane

 (d) Blue-Fronted Redstart

Option B is correct. Recently, the Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change along with the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) India came up with a unique initiative — a “firefly bird diverter” for overhead power lines, for the conservation of Great Indian Bustard.

https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/pokhrans-firefly-bird-diverters-shine-to-save-the-great-indian-bustard/article33396148.ece

Q4. Consider the following statements:

  1. Direct seeding of rice involves sowing pre-germinated seed into a puddled soil surface, standing water or into a prepared seedbed. 
  2. It is not a mechanized method of agriculture.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Direct seeding of rice involves sowing pre-germinated seed into a puddled soil surface, standing water or into a prepared seedbed.

Statement 2 is incorrect. It is a highly mechanized method of agriculture.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167198710001960#:~:text=Direct%20seeded%20rice%20(DSR)%20has,prepared%20seedbed%20(dry%20seeding).

Q5. With reference to the forex exchange reserves in India, consider the following statements:

  1. Forex reserves are the external assets held and controlled only by the Central bank in India (RBI).
  2. The level of foreign exchange reserves has steadily increased since 1990s to the current level.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Forex reserves are the external assets held and controlled only by the Central bank in India (RBI).

Statement 2 is correct. The level of foreign exchange reserves has steadily increased by 8,400 per cent from $5.8 billion in 1990s to the current level.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-india-forex-reserves-covid-19-economic-crisis-6448701/

Q6. Consider the following statements regarding the Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY):

  1.  The scheme was launched for the integrated development of all villages of India, each with more than 50% SC population.
  2. The scheme is being implemented by the Ministry of Rural Development.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. It was launched for the integrated development of 1000 villages each with more than 50% SC population.

 Statement 2 is incorrect. The scheme is being implemented by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.

http://vikaspedia.in/social-welfare/rural-poverty-alleviation-1/pradhan-mantri-adarsh-gram-yojana

Q7. Consider the following statements:

  1. The population of Asiatic Lion has consistently reduced since last decade, as per the latest census.
  2. Naturally, Asiatic lions are only found in India and Nepal.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. The population of Asiatic Lion has consistently increased since last decade, as per the latest census. Asiatic lions are only found in India naturally.

 https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/virus-outdated-census-method-mar-gujarats-lion-numbers/article31806558.ece

Q8. Consider the following pairs:

 Mountain passes       states

  1. Naku La - Sikkim
  2. Shipki La - Himachal Pradesh
  3. Bomdi La -   Arunachal Pradesh

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 1, 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 2 and 3 only

Option B is correct.

Mountain passes       states

  1. Naku La -     Sikkim
  2. Shipki La -    Himachal Pradesh
  3. Bomdi La -   Arunachal Pradesh

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/china-disregarding-historical-commitments-on-naku-la/article31796935.ece

https://www.tripoto.com/asia/trips/shipki-la-pass-india-tibet-border-5e03075e0b0a4

https://www.incredibleindia.org/content/incredible-india-v2/en/destinations/tezpur/bomdila.html

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(a)

3-(b)

4-(a)

5-(c)

6-(d)

7-(d)

8-(b)