Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the questions asked in the Indian Parliament:

  1. Questions can be asked to both the minister concerned as well as to the private member, during the Question Hour.
  2. Unstarred Questions may be followed by supplementary questions by members. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct.  A Question may also be addressed to a Private Member (Under Rule 40 of the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha), provided that the subject matter of the question relates to some Bill, Resolution or other matter connected with the business of the House for which that Member is responsible.

Statement 2 is incorrect. Starred Questions may be followed by supplementary questions by members. 

http://164.100.47.193/Loksabha/Questions/TypeOfQuestions.aspx

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) and Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) are being introduced with the roll-out of Bharat Stage VI norms, which were not a part of Bharat Stage IV.
  2. The sulphur traces in BS6 fuel is five times lower (10 ppm) as compared to sulphur traces in BS4 fuel (50 ppm).

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The following are the key differences between BS4 and BS6 emission norms:

  • Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) and Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) are being introduced with the roll-out of Bharat Stage VI norms, which were not a part of Bharat Stage IV.
    ● Real Driving Emission (RDE) will be introduced in India for the first time with the implementation of Bharat Stage VI emission norms. It will measure a vehicle’s emission in real-time conditions against laboratory conditions.
    ● Another change that is being introduced with the implementation of Bharat Stage VI emission norms is that Onboard Diagnostics (OD) has been made mandatory for all vehicles.
    ● Change in the fuel used in vehicles is the major upgrade that is being brought about with the roll-out of Bharat Stage VI emission norms. A vehicle with BS6 compliant engine will require BS6 fuel. If a BS6 vehicle uses BS4-grade fuel, it won’t be able to adhere to the BS6 emission norms. Similarly, if a BS4 vehicle uses BS6-grade fuel, its engine will take a hit and increase emissions.
    ● The most crucial difference between BS6-grade fuel and BS4-grade fuel will be in terms of Sulphur and Nitrogen Oxide content. The sulphur traces in BS6 fuel is five times lower (10 ppm) as compared to sulphur traces in BS4 fuel (50 ppm). Further, nitrogen oxide level for BS6-grade diesel engines and petrol engines will be brought down by 70% and 25%, respectively.

https://www.icicilombard.com/insurance-information/online-insurance-info/article/do-you-know-these-key-differences-between-bs-iv-and-bs-vi-emission-norms

Q3. With reference to the Uranium contamination of groundwater, consider the following statements:

  1. The WHO has set a provisional safe drinking water standard of 3 micrograms of uranium per liter.
  2. At present, the main source of the uranium contamination in India is natural only.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The WHO has set a provisional safe drinking water standard of 30 micrograms of uranium per liter.

Statement 2 is incorrect. At present, the main source of the uranium contamination is not only natural,  but human factors such as groundwater-table decline and nitrate pollution may be exacerbating the problem.

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/06/180607133720.htm

Q4. Consider the following statements:

The Tiger Reserve lies in the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas. It has received the India Biodiversity Award 2016, for its ‘Hornbill Nest Adoption Programme’, under the category, “Conservation of Threatened Species”. Nyishi tribe plays an influential role to conserve forest resources here.

 Which one among the following Tiger reserves has been mentioned above?

(a) Pakke tiger reserve

 (b) Nameri tiger reserve

 (c) Orang tiger reserve

 (d) Tadoba tiger reserve

Option A is correct. The Pakke Tiger Reserve lies in the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas. It has received the India Biodiversity Award 2016, for its ‘Hornbill Nest Adoption Programme’, under the category, “Conservation of Threatened Species”. Nyishi tribe play an influential role to conserve forest resources. 

https://www.outlookindia.com/traveller/ot-getaway-guides/pakke-tiger-reserve-2/

https://baliparafoundation.com/en/blog/pakke-tiger-reserve-wins-india-biodiversity-award-2016

Q5. With reference to the Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP), consider the following statements:

  1. The objective of the scheme is to generate employment opportunities only in rural areas, through setting up of self employment ventures.
  2. The scheme is implemented by Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), as the nodal agency at the national level.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The objective of the scheme is to generate employment opportunities in rural as well as urban areas through setting up of self employment ventures.

Statement 2 is correct. The scheme is implemented by Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) as the nodal agency at the national level.

https://www.bankofbaroda.in/prime-minister-employment-generation-programme.htm

https://www.startupindia.gov.in/content/sih/en/government-schemes/pmemploymentgen_prog.html

Q6. Consider the following statements:

  1. Flavonoids are a group of plant metabolites that create harmful effects on human health.
  2. They are essential pigments, needed to attract the pollinating insects.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Flavonoids are a group of plant metabolites thought to provide health benefits through cell signalling pathways and antioxidant effects. 

Statement 2 is correct. They are essential pigments for producing the colors needed to attract pollinating insects.

https://www.news-medical.net/health/What-are-Flavonoids.aspx#:~:text=Flavonoids%20are%20a%20group%20of,and%20are%20soluble%20in%20water.

Q7. Consider the following statements:

  1. The provisions for the disqualification of Members Legislative assemblies are mentioned in the Indian constitution.
  2. Taking interest in non-governmental contracts, works or services is not considered a ground for disqualification of MPs and MLAs as per rules made by Parliament.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Statement 1 is correct.  Article 191 of the Constitution provides a disqualification for membership of a legislative assembly or legislative council of a state. Hence, the provisions of their disqualification is mentioned in the constitution.

Statement 2 is correct. Taking interest in government contracts, works or services is considered a ground for disqualification of MPs and MLAs as per RPA, 1951 made by Parliament.

http://legislative.gov.in/sites/default/files/04_representation%20of%20the%20people%20act%2C%201951.pdf

https://indiankanoon.org/doc/417629/

Q8. For which of the following crops Minimum Support Price (MSP) is announced by the government of India?

  1. Jowar
  2. Copra
  3. Groundnut
  4. Sugarcane

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2, 3 and 4 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Option c is correct. The list of crops for which MSP is announced by the government are as follows.

  1. Cereals (7) - paddy, wheat, barley, jowar, bajra, maize and ragi
  2. Pulses (5) - gram, arhar/tur, moong, urad and lentil
  3. Oilseeds (8) - groundnut, rapeseed/mustard, toria, soyabean, sunflower seed, sesamum, safflower seed and nigerseed
  4. Raw cotton
  5. Raw jute
  6. Copra
  7. De-husked coconut
  8. Sugarcane (Fair and remunerative price)
  9. Virginia flu cured (VFC) tobacco

For sugarcane, Fair and Remunerative Price (FRP) is announced by the government.

http://vikaspedia.in/agriculture/market-information/minimum-support-price

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(c)

3-(d)

4-(a)

5-(b)

6-(b)

7-(c)

8-(c)