Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the International Court of Justice (ICJ):

  1. It is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations.
  2. Of the six principal organs of the United Nations, it is the only one not located in New York.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations.                Of the six principal organs of the United Nations, it is the only one not located in New York.

https://www.icj-cij.org/en/court

Q2. A term ‘LIBOR’, sometimes seen in the news, is

(a) A global reference rate for unsecured short-term borrowing in the interbank market.                

(b) A bank of United Nations      

(c) A currency

(d) A European trade bloc

Option A is correct. A term ‘LIBOR’, sometimes seen in the news, is the global reference rate for unsecured short-term borrowing in the interbank market. 

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/definition/libor#:~:text=Definition%3A%20LIBOR%2C%20the%20acronym%20for,swaps%20as%20well%20as%20mortgages.

Q3. With reference to the data encryption, often seen in news, consider the following statements:

  1. Data encryption translates data into another form, so that only people with access to a secret key or password can read it.
  2. Symmetric-key ciphers use the same secret key for encrypting and decrypting a message or file. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Data encryption translates data into another form, so that only people with access to a secret key or password can read it.  Symmetric-key ciphers use the same secret key for encrypting and decrypting a message or file.   

https://digitalguardian.com/blog/what-data-encryption

Q4. A wetland should be considered internationally important if,

  1. It support atleast 20 waterfowls.
  2. It supports a significant proportion of indigenous fish subspecies.
  3. It is of special value as the habitat of plants or animals at a critical stage of their biological cycle.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Option B is correct. A wetland should be considered internationally important if,

It regularly supports 20,000 waterfowl.

It supports a significant proportion of indigenous fish subspecies.

It is of special value as the habitat of plants or animals at a critical stage of their biological cycle.

https://www.environment.gov.au/water/wetlands/publications/criteria-identifying-wetlands-international-importance#:~:text=based%20on%20waterfowl-,A%20wetland%20should%20be%20considered%20internationally%20important%20if%3A,values%2C%20productivity%20or%20diversity%3B%20or

Q5. Consider the following statements:

  1.  Dry ice also melts into a liquid when heated, just like common ice.
  2. Its applications are confined to Industrial, Scientific and Chemical Research labs.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. Dry ice gets this name because it does not melt into a liquid when heated; instead, it changes directly into a gas. Some common uses for dry ice include Pharmaceutical, Medical Labs, Food & Beverage, Industrial, Scientific and Chemical Research.

https://dryice.ie/what-is-dry-ice/

http://kellydryice.com/dry-ice-uses.html

Q6. In order to get nominated to Rajya Sabha, nomination paper can be filed by

(a) Any Indian residing in India.

(b) Any person having special knowledge or practical experience in respect of such matters as literature, science, art and social service.

(c) Those persons having their names in the electoral rolls            

(d) None of the above

Option B is correct. In order to get nominated to Rajya Sabha, nomination paper can be filed by any person having special knowledge or practical experience in respect of such matters as literature, science, art and social service.

https://knowindia.gov.in/profile/the-union/legislature.php

Q7. Consider the following statements:

  1. Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) represents the amount of oxygen consumed by bacteria and other microorganisms, while they decompose organic matter under aerobic conditions at a specified temperature.
  2. Human-induced factors have specifically contributed towards the reduced amount of dissolved oxygen in water bodies.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) represents the amount of oxygen consumed by bacteria and other microorganisms, while they decompose organic matter under aerobic conditions at a specified temperature.   

Statement 2 is incorrect. Certain environmental stresses (hot summer temperatures) and other human-induced factors (introduction of excess fertilizers to a water body) can lessen the amount of dissolved oxygen in a water body, resulting in stresses on the local aquatic life.

https://www.usgs.gov/special-topic/water-science-school/science/biological-oxygen-demand-bod-and-water?qt-science_center_objects=0#qt-science_center_objects

Q8. With reference to the UN-Habitat, consider the following statements:

  1. UN-Habitat is the coordinating agency within the United Nations System for human settlement activities and is responsible for promoting and consolidating collaboration with all partners, in the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  2. In India, It is working closely with the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs for championing India’s New Urban Agenda and has crafted a new strategic partnership with the Government of India on mutually agreed technical cooperation initiatives in support of sustainable urbanization in India.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are Correct. UN-Habitat is the coordinating agency within the United Nations System for human settlement activities and in collaboration with governments is responsible for promoting and consolidating collaboration with all partners, in the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In India, It is working closely with the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs for championing India’s New Urban Agenda and has crafted a new strategic partnership with the Government of India on mutually agreed technical cooperation initiatives in support of sustainable urbanization in India.

https://in.one.un.org/who-we-are/unhabitat-india/

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(a)

3-(c)

4-(b)

5-(d)

6-(b)

7-(a)

8-(c)