Q1. A term ‘Nag Chhatri’, recently seen in news, is a/an

(a) Herbaceous plant species found in Himalayas               

(b) Water snake found in deep waters

(c) Species of Himalayan jungle cat

(d) Invasive plant species found in Indian Ocean

Option A is correct. Nag Chhatri’ or Himalayan Trillium is a robust, trifoliate perennial herbaceous plant species with deep red and green coloured flowers on the axis and is found in the Himalayas, especially in India, Nepal, China and Bhutan at an altitude of 2700m-4000m.  Stocky 15 cm purple-red stems carry 3 green leaves just below a single, small, starry flower of deep red and green.

https://www.greathimalayannationalpark.org/trillidium-govanianum/

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. Unified Payments Interface (UPI) system powers multiple bank accounts into a single mobile application, merging several banking features, seamless fund routing & merchant payments into one hood.
  2. It caters to the “Peer to Peer” collect request which can be scheduled and paid as per requirement and convenience.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Unified Payments Interface (UPI) system powers multiple bank accounts into a single mobile application, merging several banking features, seamless fund routing & merchant payments into one hood. It caters to the “Peer to Peer” collect request which can be scheduled and paid as per requirement and convenience.               

https://www.npci.org.in/what-we-do/upi/product-overview

Q3. The Inclusive Wealth Report is released biennially to evaluate the capacities and performance of the nations around the world and to measure sustainability of economy and wellbeing of their people. It is released by

(a) United Nations Development Programme

 (b) UN Environment

(c) World Bank

(d) International Monetary Fund

Option B is correct. The Inclusive Wealth Report is released biennially to evaluate the capacities and performance of the nations around the world and to measure sustainability of economy and wellbeing of their people. It is released by UN Environment.

https://www.unenvironment.org/resources/report/inclusive-wealth-report-2018

Q4. With reference to the Nanomaterials, consider the following statements:

  1. A wide variety of nanomaterials synthesized from natural products possess exceptional strength characteristics, light weight and excellent biocompatibility.
  2. Materials such as montmorillonite (MMT), kaolinite, and saponite are some of the natural nanomaterials, which have been widely used for reinforcement of polymeric as well as cementitious composites.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. A wide variety of nanomaterials synthesized from natural products possess exceptional strength characteristics, light weight and excellent biocompatibility.         Nanoclays such as montmorillonite (MMT), kaolinite, and saponite are other natural nanomaterials which have been widely used for reinforcement of polymeric as well as cementitious composites.

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jnm/2017/4817653/

Q5. A bacteriophage is a type of virus that infects

(a) Virus             

 (b) Herbivores 

 (c) Human

 (d) Bacteria

Option D is correct. A bacteriophage is a type of virus that infects Bacteria.

https://www.nature.com/scitable/definition/bacteriophage-phage-293/#:~:text=A%20bacteriophage%20is%20a%20type,surrounded%20by%20a%20protein%20structure.

Q6. Consider the following statements:

These clouds are associated with rainy, dreary days. They’re also responsible for snowy weather. Either way, these clouds are best known precipitation. Though it’s difficult to tell visually, these clouds can be put into the category of multilevel clouds, but the tops of them can extend upwards into the middle cloud level. The thickness of these clouds helps to give it a darker appearance than most.

Which one of the following clouds has been described here?

(a) Cumulonimbus clouds            

 (b) Nimbostratus clouds              

 (c) Cirrus clouds                              

 (d) Altostratus clouds

Option B is correct. Nimbostratus clouds are associated with rainy, dreary days. They’re also responsible for snowy weather. Either way, these clouds are best known precipitation. Though it’s difficult to tell visually, these clouds can be put into the category of multilevel clouds, but the tops of them can extend upwards into the middle cloud level. The thickness of these clouds helps to give it a darker appearance than most.

https://whatsthiscloud.com/cloud-types/nimbostratus/

Q7. Strait of Magellan, often seen in news, is the channel linking

(a) Atlantic and Pacific Oceans                   

 (b) Indian and Pacific Oceans

 (c) Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean          

 (d) Black Sea and Caspian Sea

Option A is correct. Strait of Magellan, often seen in news, is the channel linking Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

Q8. With reference to the Sundarbans mangrove forest, consider the following statements:

  1. The Sundarbans mangrove forest is one of the largest such forests in the world, lies on the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers on the Bay of Bengal.
  2. The site is intersected by a complex network of tidal waterways, mudflats and small islands of salt-tolerant mangrove forests.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The Sundarbans mangrove forest is one of the largest such forests in the world, lies on the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers on the Bay of Bengal.  The site is intersected by a complex network of tidal waterways, mudflats and small islands of salt-tolerant mangrove forests, and presents an excellent example of ongoing ecological processes.            

https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/798/

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(c)

3-(b)

4-(c)

5-(d)

6-(b)

7-(a)

8-(c)