Q1. With reference to the transfats found in food items, consider the following statements:

  1. Transfats are a form of saturated fat.
  2. The best-known ruminant transfat is conjugated linoleic acid(CLA), which is found in dairy products.  

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

 (b) 2 only              

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Transfats are a form of unsaturated fat.             

Statement 2 is correct. The best-known ruminant transfat is conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), which is found in dairy fat. It is believed to be beneficial and is marketed as a dietary supplement.

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/why-trans-fats-are-bad#basics

Q2. Consider the following statements regarding the International Organization of Securities Commissions:

  1. The International Organization of Securities Commissions is a global cooperative of securities regulatory agencies that aims to establish and maintain worldwide standards for efficient, orderly and fair markets.
  2. India recently has become its Affiliate member.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

 (b) 2 only              

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The International Organization of Securities Commissions is a global cooperative of securities regulatory agencies that aims to establish and maintain worldwide standards for efficient, orderly and fair markets.                      

Statement 2 is incorrect. Recently, International Financial Services Centres Authority (IFSCA) has become an associate member of the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO).

Associate members consisting of additional futures and securities regulators in those jurisdictions that have multiple regulatory bodies. Associate members do not have a vote and aren’t eligible for the Executive Committee, but are members of the Presidents’ Committee.

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/i/iosco.asp#:~:text=The%20International%20Organization%20of%20Securities%20Commissions%20(IOSCO)%20is%20a%20global,efficient%2C%20orderly%20and%20fair%20markets.&text=Promote%20high%20standards%20of%20regulation%20for%20the%20sake%20of%20orderly%20and%20efficient%20markets

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. Antigens are molecules capable of stimulating an immune response.

    2. Antibodies are Y-shaped proteins produced by B cells of the immune system in response to exposure to antigens. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

 (b) 2 only              

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Antigens are molecules capable of stimulating an immune response. Each antigen has distinct surface features, resulting in specific responses. Antibodies are Y-shaped proteins produced by B cells of the immune system in response to exposure to antigens.     

https://www.technologynetworks.com/immunology/articles/antigen-vs-antibody-what-are-the-differences-293550

Q4. With reference to the Atmosphere & Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems & Services (ACROSS), consider the following statements:

  1. The scheme aims to provide improved weather, climate and ocean forecast and services to the neighbouring countries of India.
  2. It will be implemented by the Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

 (b) 2 only              

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. The  scheme aims to provide  improved  weather,   climate  and   ocean   forecast  and services, thereby ensuring transfer of commensurate benefits to the various services like Public weather service, disaster management, Agro-meteorological Services, Aviation services, Environmental monitoring services, Hydro-meteorological services, climate services etc. in India.    

 It will be implemented by the Ministry of Earth Sciences through its institutes namely India Meteorological Department (IMD), Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF), and Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Service(INCOIS).         

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1553405

Q5. Consider the following statements:

 He was a social reformer and freedom fighter from Kerala. In 1914, he founded the Nair Service Society (NSS). He took part in anti-untouchability campaigns and advocated opening of temples for all castes. He also participated in Vaikom Satyagraha. He received the Padma Bhushan award in 1966.

Which one of the following personalities has been described here?

(a) Shri Narayana Guru

(b) Mannathu Padmanabhan

(c) Kuriakose Elias Chavara

(d)  Potti Sriramulu

Option B is correct. Mannathu Padmanabhan was a social reformer and freedom fighter from Kerala. In 1914, he founded the Nair Service Society (NSS). He took part in anti-untouchability campaigns and advocated opening of temples for all castes. He also participated in Vaikom Satyagraha. He received the Padma Bhushan award in 1966.

https://www.aninews.in/news/national/general-news/pm-modi-pays-tribute-to-mannathu-padmanabhan-on-his-jayanti20210102232544/

Q6. Consider the following statements regarding the partial credit guarantee scheme:

  1. The scheme allows the state-run banks, including the low-rated non-bank financial companies
    to purchase pooled assets.

    2. The government guarantee will be valid for 24 months, from the date of purchase of the loan pool assets and shall cease earlier if the purchasing bank sells the assets.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The scheme allows state-run banks to purchase pooled assets from non-bank financial companies. It was amended in December to accommodate low-rated NBFCs. The finance minister has approved its extension with an additional credit guarantee facility relating to short-term NBFC and HFC debt papers.

Statement 2 is correct. The government guarantee will be valid for 24 months from the date of purchase of the loan pool assets and shall cease earlier if the purchasing bank sells the assets.

https://www.bloombergquint.com/business/finance-ministry-releases-faqs-on-partial-credit-guarantee-scheme
Q7. Consider the following statements:

  1. An Adaptation Fund was established to finance concrete adaptation projects and programmes in developing countries that are parties to the Nagoya Protocol.
  2. UNSC has been accredited by the Adaptation Fund Board, to implement programmes and is supporting multiple countries in accessing these funds.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. The Adaptation Fund was established to finance concrete adaptation projects and programmes in developing countries, that are parties to the Kyoto Protocol and are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. UNDP has been accredited by the Adaptation Fund Board, to implement programmes and is supporting multiple countries in accessing these funds.

https://www.adaptation-undp.org/funding-source/adaptation-fund

Q8. Consider the following statements regarding the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI):

  1. FSSAI is an autonomous body established under the ministry of health and family welfare.
  2. Recently, it has capped the amount of trans fatty acids (TFA) in oils and fats to 3% for 2021 and 2% by 2022 from the current permissible limit of 5%.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

 (b) 2 only              

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. FSSAI is an autonomous body established under the ministry of health and family welfare. Recently, it has capped the amount of trans fatty acids (TFA) in oils and fats to 3% for 2021 and 2% by 2022 from the current permissible limit of 5%, through an amendment to the Food Safety and Standards (Prohibition and Restriction on Sales) Regulations.

https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/health/fssai-slashes-limit-for-trans-fat-levels-in-foods/article33486031.ece

Ques  Ans:

1-(b)

2-(a)

3-(c)

4-(d)

5-(b)

6-(c)

7-(d)

8-(c)