Q1. With reference to the causes of bird flu, consider the following statements:

  1. Bird flu occurs naturally in wild waterfowl and can spread into domestic poultry, such as chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese. 
  2. Open-air markets, where eggs and birds are sold in crowded and unsanitary conditions, are hotbeds of infection.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only           

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Bird flu occurs naturally in wild waterfowl and can spread into domestic poultry, such as chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese. Open-air markets, where eggs and birds are sold in crowded and unsanitary conditions, are hotbeds of infection.

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bird-flu/symptoms-causes/syc-20368455#:~:text=Bird%20flu%20occurs%20naturally%20in,its%20nose%2C%20mouth%20or%20eyes.

Q2. With reference to the Institutions of Eminence (IOEs) scheme, consider the following statements:

  1. The IoE scheme was launched in 2018 as per which 20 institutions were to be selected to enjoy complete academic and administrative autonomy.
  2. Indian universities and colleges with the Institutions of Eminence (IOEs) tag, are not allowed to set up their campuses in foreign countries.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only           

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The Education Ministry had launched the IoE scheme in 2018 as per which 20 institutions were to be selected — 10 public and 10 private ones — that would enjoy complete academic and administrative autonomy.

Statement 2 is incorrect. Indian universities and colleges with the Institutions of Eminence (IOEs) tag, which include several IITs, will now be able to set up campuses in foreign countries with the University Grants Commission (UGC) issuing fresh guidelines on the same.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/indias-institutions-of-eminence-can-now-set-up-campuses-in-foreign-countries/article33535784.ece

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. The National Statistical Office of the Government of India, in collaboration with the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) and others, is organizing the first Natural Capital Accounting and Valuation of Ecosystem Services (NCAVES) National Forum.
  2. The Forum would lay emphasis on Policy Demand for Natural Capital Accounting (NCA) in India and emerging opportunities for NCA to support national priorities in India. 

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only           

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The National Statistical Office, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) of the Government of India, in collaboration with United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), UN Environment with the support of the European Union, is organizing the first Natural Capital Accounting and Valuation of Ecosystem Services (NCAVES) National Forum in Indi   a.

The Forum would lay emphasis on Policy Demand for Natural Capital Accounting (NCA) in India and emerging opportunities for NCA to support national priorities in India. 

https://seea.un.org/ar/events/ncaves-india-national-forum#:~:text=Due%20to%20travel%20restrictions%2C%20the,support%20national%20priorities%20in%20India.

Q4. Consider the following statements:

  1. National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI) is India’s first and only neutral internet exchange.

 

  1. It is a not for profit Organization registered under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only           

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI) is India’s first and only neutral internet exchange.

Statement 2 is incorrect. NIXI is a not for profit Organization under section 8 of the Companies Act 2013.

https://www.meity.gov.in/content/nixi

Q5. With reference to the recently released findings of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5), consider the following statements:

  1. The Total Fertility Rates has further increased since NFHS-4 in almost all the States and UTs. 
  2. Full immunization drive among children aged 12-23 months has recorded decline across all the States.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. The Total Fertility Rates has further declined since NFHS-4 in almost all the Phase-1 States and UTs.  Full immunization drive among children aged 12-23 months has recorded substantial improvement across States/UTs/districts.

https://pib.gov.in/Pressreleaseshare.aspx?PRID=1680702

Q6. Consider the following statements:

  1. Devices such as cellphones and wireline telephones require signals carried on airwaves, which must be sent at designated frequencies to avoid any kind of interference.
  2. To sell the assets to companies willing to set up the required infrastructure to transport these waves from one end to another, the central government auctions these airwaves from time to time.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only           

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Devices such as cellphones and wireline telephones require signals carried on airwaves, which must be sent at designated frequencies to avoid any kind of interference. To sell the assets to companies willing to set up the required infrastructure to transport these waves from one end to another, the central government auctions these airwaves from time to time.         

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/4g-spectrum-auctions-7137201/

Q7. With reference to the Bureau of Indian Standards, consider the following statements:

  1. BIS is a non-statutory body of India, established for the harmonious development of the activities of standardization, marking and quality certification of goods.
  2. BIS hallmark is used on the precious metal articles, as a guarantee of purity or fineness.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. BIS is a statutory body of India, established under the BIS act, 1986, for the harmonious development of the activities of standardization, marking and quality certification of goods.         

Statement 2 is correct. BIS hallmark is used on the precious metal articles, as a guarantee of purity or fineness.

https://bis.gov.in/index.php/career-opportunities/

Q8. With reference to the soils found in India, consider the following statements:

  1. Alluvial soils are widespread in the southern plains and the river valleys.
  2. The laterite soils develop in areas with high temperature and high rainfall.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Alluvial soils are widespread in the northern plains and the river valleys.

Statement 2 is correct. The laterite soils develop in areas with high temperature and high rainfall.             

https://ncert.nic.in/ncerts/l/kegy106.pdf

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(a)

3-(c)

4-(a)

5-(d)

6-(c)

7-(b)

8-(b)