Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the procedure for the impeachment of the Indian President:

  1. When a President is to be impeached for violation of the Constitution, the charge shall be preferred by either House of Parliament
  2. The proposal to prefer such charge is contained in a resolution which has been moved after at least fourteen days notice is signed by two-third of the members present and voting.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. When a President is to be impeached for violation of the Constitution, the charge shall be preferred by either House of Parliament.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The proposal to prefer such charge is contained in a resolution which has been moved after at least fourteen days notice signed by not less than one fourth of the total number of members of the House.   

https://indiankanoon.org/doc/594857/

Q2. Recently, a wildfire took place at Dzukou Valley, which is located along the

(a) India- Bangladesh border      

 (b) Maharashtra-Karnataka border         

 (c) India- Nepal border

 (d) Manipur-Nagaland border

Option D is correct. Recently, a wildfire took place at Dzukou Valley, which is located along the Manipur-Nagaland border.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/dzukou-valley-wildfire-doused/article33553588.ece

Q3. With reference to the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), consider the following statements:

  1. It gives primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security to the Security Council, which may meet whenever peace is threatened.
  2. The Council may opt for enforcement measures such as, economic sanctions, arms embargoes, financial penalties and restrictions.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. UNSC gives primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security to the Security Council, which may meet whenever peace is threatened.     The Council may opt for enforcement measures such as, economic sanctions, arms embargoes, financial penalties and restrictions.

https://www.un.org/securitycouncil/content/what-security-council

Q4. With reference to the PM-KISAN scheme, consider the following statements:

  1. It is a Central Sector scheme with 100% funding from Government of India.
  2. It will become operational from 2022.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. PM-KISAN scheme is a Central Sector scheme with 100% funding from Government of India.

Statement 2 is incorrect. It has become operational from 1st December 2018.

https://pmkisan.gov.in/#About

Q5. Consider the following statements regarding the Gaganyaan mission, sometimes seen in the news:

  1. The Gaganyaan mission will be launched using PSLV.
  2. It has the objective of demonstrating human space flight capability to Low Earth Orbit with three crew members in orbit and safely recovering them after the mission.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The Gaganyaan mission will be launched using GSLV-MK-III.

Statement 2 is correct. It has the objective of demonstrating human space flight capability to Low Earth Orbit with three crew members in orbit and safely recovering them after the mission.          

https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/indias-human-space-flight-mission-likely-to-be-delayed-by-one-year/article33268655.ece

Q6. Consider the following statements with respect to the gold nanoparticles:

  1. The artificial synthesis of gold nanoparticles is possible.
  2. Nanoparticles have a high surface-to-volume ratio and they can provide tremendous driving force for diffusion, especially at elevated temperatures.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) can be prepared using an eco-friendly approach in a single step by reduction of HAuCl4 with polyphenols from tea extracts, which act as both reducing and capping agents.

Statement 2 is correct. Nanoparticles have a high surface-to-volume ratio and they can provide tremendous driving force for diffusion, especially at elevated temperatures.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/258660145_Preparation_of_Gold_Nanoparticles_Using_Tea_A_Green_Chemistry_Experiment

Q7. With reference to the Central Zoo Authority, consider the following statements:

  1. It is a statuary body established under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
  2. It does not have the power to recognize and derecognize the zoos.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.        

Statement 1 is correct. Central Zoo Authority is a statuary body established under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

Statement 2 is incorrect. Its functions include:

 1) to specify the minimum standards

 2) to evaluate and assess the functioning of the zoos

3) to recognise or derecognise zoos;

4) to identify endangered species

5) to release financial assistance to Zoos, among others.

http://tgpg-isb.org/sites/default/files/document/presentations/central-zoo-authority.pdf

Q8. With reference to the United Nations Convention against Torture, consider the following statements:

  1. Each party to the convention is required to carry out certain steps to prevent the torture and ensure that it is considered a criminal offence.
  2. India has signed as well as ratified the convention.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Each party to the convention is required to carry out certain steps to prevent the torture and ensure that it is considered a criminal offence.

Statement 2 is incorrect. India has signed the convention, but has not ratified it so far. 

https://www.prsindia.org/report-summaries/implementation-united-nations-convention-against-torture-0

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(d)

3-(c)

4-(a)

5-(b)

6-(c)

7-(a)

8-(a)