Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996 (PESA):

  1. It was enacted by the parliament on the basis of Bhuria committee report.
  2. The Ministry of Panchayati Raj is the nodal Ministry for implementation of the provisions of PESA in the States.               

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.        

Both statements are correct.  Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996 (PESA) was enacted by the parliament on the basis of Bhuria committee report. The Ministry of Panchayati Raj is the nodal Ministry for implementation of the provisions of PESA in the States.

https://panchayat.gov.in/en/pesa#:~:text=On%20the%20basis%20of%20the,to%20the%20Scheduled%20V%20areas.

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. Sunda strait separates Java and Sumatra.
  2. Bering strait separates the continents of Asia and Australia.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.        

Statement 1 is correct. Sunda strait separates Java and Sumatra.

   

Statement 2 is incorrect. Bering strait separates the continents of Asia and North America.

https://www.britannica.com/place/Sunda-Strait#:~:text=Sunda%20Strait%2C%20Indonesian%20Selat%20Sunda,the%20Indian%20Ocean%20(south).

              

Q3. With reference to the Prime Minister's National Relief Fund (PMNRF), consider the following statements:

  1. Prime Minister's National Relief Fund (PMNRF) was established entirely with the budgetary support.
  2. The resources of the PMNRF are utilized to render immediate relief to families of those killed in natural calamities like floods, cyclones and earthquakes, etc.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.        

Statement 1 is incorrect. Prime Minister's National Relief Fund (PMNRF) was established entirely with public contributions and does not get any budgetary support.

Statement 2 is correct. The resources of the PMNRF are utilized to render immediate relief to families of those killed in natural calamities like floods, cyclones and earthquakes, etc. 

https://pmnrf.gov.in/en/

Q4. With reference to the National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN), consider the following statements:

  1. It aims to connect all the 2,50,000 Gram panchayats in the country and provide 100 Mbps connectivity to all gram panchayats.
  2. The NOFN project was funded by the Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF).

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.        

Both statements are correct. National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN) aims to connect all the 2,50,000 Gram panchayats in the country and provide 100 Mbps connectivity to all gram panchayats. The NOFN project was funded by the Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF).

https://vikaspedia.in/e-governance/digital-india/national-optical-fibre-network-nofn

Q5. Consider the following statements:

  1. ‘Sea Vigil’ is a joint naval exercise of India and Australia.
  2. It will be undertaken in the Arabian Sea, during its second edition.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.        

Both statements are incorrect. The Sea Vigil 2021, is a biennial naval exercise of India that began in January 2019, “will be undertaken along the entire 7516 km coastline and Exclusive Economic Zone of India and will involve all the 13 coastal States and Union Territories along with other maritime stakeholders, including the fishing and coastal communities”. The Navy will coordinate the second edition of the coastal defence exercise on January 12 and 13. It will be undertaken along the entire coastline and Exclusive Economic Zone of India.

https://indianexpress.com/article/india/maritime-security-coastal-defence-exercise-begins-7142537/

Q6. Consider the following statements:

  1. Management Effectiveness Evaluation of Protected Areas is increasingly being used by governments and international bodies to understand the strengths and weaknesses of the protected area management systems.
  2. Recently, a Management Effectiveness Evaluation of Indian Zoos (MEE-ZOO) framework was launched in the country, which proposes guidelines, criteria and indicators for evaluation of zoos of the country through Management Effectiveness Evaluation Process.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Management Effectiveness Evaluation of Protected Areas is increasingly being used by governments and international bodies to understand the strengths and weaknesses of the protected area management systems. Recently, a Management Effectiveness Evaluation of Indian Zoos (MEE-ZOO) framework was launched in the country, which proposes guidelines, criteria and indicators for evaluation of zoos of the country through Management Effectiveness Evaluation Process.

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=1687688#:~:text=Management%20Effectiveness%20Evaluation%20(MEE)%20of%20Protected%20Areas%20(PAs),the%20protected%20area%20management%20systems.

Q7. Consider the following statements:

  1. EBITDA, or earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization, is a measure of a company's overall financial performanceand is used as an alternative to net incomein some circumstances.               
  2. It provides an accurate data about the financial condition of the concerned entity.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. EBITDA, or earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization, is a measure of a company's overall financial performance and is used as an alternative to net income in some circumstances.

Statement 2 is incorrect.  EBITDA, however, can be misleading because it strips out the cost of capital investments like property, plant, and equipment.

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/e/ebitda.asp#:~:text=EBITDA%20is%20essentially%20net%20income,of%20financing%20and%20capital%20expenditures.

Q8. Consider the following statements with respect to the Polio disease:

  1. India has never been declared polio-free. 
  2. The virus multiplies in the intestine, from where it can invade the nervous system and can cause paralysis.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. India was declared polio-free in January 2014, after three years of zero cases, an achievement widely believed to have been spurred by the successful pulse polio campaign in which all children were administered polio drops. 

Statement 2 is correct. The virus multiplies in the intestine, from where it can invade the nervous system and can cause paralysis.

indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-why-is-world-polio-day-observed-where-india-stands-6882895/

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(a)

3-(b)

4-(c)

5-(d)

6-(c)

7-(a)

8-(b)