Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the 3D printing:

  1. 3D printing enables you to produce complex shapes using less material than traditional manufacturing methods.
  2. In this process, an object is created by laying down successive layers of material until the object is created.                  

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. 3D printing enables you to produce complex shapes using less material than traditional manufacturing methods. In this process, an object is created by laying down successive layers of material until the object is created.

https://3dprinting.com/what-is-3d-printing/#:~:text=3D%20printing%20or%20additive%20manufacturing,until%20the%20object%20is%20created.

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. Polar vortex is a large area of low pressure and cold air surrounding both of the Earth’s poles.
  2. It occurs only during the winter season.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Polar vortex is a large area of low pressure and cold air surrounding both of the Earth’s poles.

Statement 2 is incorrect.  It always exists near the poles, but weakens in summer and strengthens in winter. 

https://www.weather.gov/safety/cold-polar-vortex#:~:text=The%20polar%20vortex%20is%20a,colder%20air%20near%20the%20Poles.

Q3. With reference to the Curative Petition, consider the following statements:

  1. A review petition may be filed after a curative petition against the final conviction is dismissed.
  2. Every curative petition is decided on the basis of principles laid down in the Constitution of India.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. A curative petition may be filed after a review plea against the final conviction is dismissed. It is meant to ensure there is no miscarriage of justice, and to prevent abuse of process. Every curative petition is decided on the basis of principles laid down by the Supreme Court in Rupa Ashok Hurra Vs Ashok Hurra & another, 2002.  

https://indianexpress.com/article/what-is/what-is-curative-petition-december-2012-gangrape-case-sc-6204629/

Q4. With reference to the BRICS, consider the following statements:

  1. BRICS is the group composed by the five major emerging countries, which together represent about 42% of the population and 18% of the global trade.
  2. At the Fortaleza Summit of BRICS, important institutions such as New Development Bank and the Contingent Reserve Arrangement were created.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.                             

Both statements are correct. BRICS is the group composed by the five major emerging countries, which together represent about 42% of the population and 18% of the global trade. At the Fortaleza Summit 2014, in Brazil, important institutions such as New Development Bank and the Contingent Reserve Arrangement were created.      

http://brics2019.itamaraty.gov.br/en/about-brics/what-is-brics

Q5. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding the functions of Whip in Indian Parliament?

  1. The chief whip is a counsellor of members and he can take part in the debates and discussions inside the House.
  2. There are three kinds of Whips, which are issued for different purposes.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. A whip is a shock absorber. He can’t take part in debates and discussions inside the House. Besides playing the role of an adviser to the party leaders, the chief whip is also a counsellor of members. Thus, the chief whip is the binding-force in the party.

Statement 2 is correct. A whip is a directive from the party that binds party members of a House to obey the line of the party. There are three kinds of whip. A one line whip is issued to inform the members about the vote; a two line whip is issued to inform the members to be present inside the House at the time of the vote; and a three line whip is issued directing members to vote according to the party line. In India, the three-line whip can be violated only if one-third of the legislators of a party decide to cast their vote against the party line.

https://www.financialexpress.com/india-news/what-is-a-whip-what-role-will-the-chief-whip-play-when-modi-government-faces-no-confidence-motion-in-lok-sabha/1250859/

Q6. Consider the following statements:

  1. National Air Quality Index is considered as ‘One Number- One Colour-One Description’ to judge the air quality.
  2. The ambient air quality standards are specified separately in India for around six pollutants.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. National Air Quality Index (AQI) is considered as ‘One Number- One Colour-One Description’ for the common man to judge the air quality within his vicinity.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The ambient air quality standards are specified separately in India for around 12 pollutants, including the 8 that constitute the Air Quality Index.

http://www.arthapedia.in/index.php?title=National_Air_Quality_Index

Q7. With reference to the Global Alliance to Eliminate Lead Paint sometimes seen in the news, consider the following statements:

  1. It is a voluntary partnership of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Health Organization (WHO), to prevent exposure to lead through promoting the phase-out of paints containing lead.
  2. Its partners have to contribute only financially, for the development and implementation of activities.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. It is a voluntary partnership formed by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Health Organization (WHO), to prevent exposure to lead through promoting the phase-out of paints containing lead.

Statement 2 is incorrect. Its partners have to Contribute financially or in-kind technical expertise to the development and implementation of activities.

https://www.unenvironment.org/explore-topics/chemicals-waste/what-we-do/emerging-issues/global-alliance-eliminate-lead-paint

Q8. With reference to the historic 1947 pact on Gorkha soldiers, consider the following statements:

  1. It is an agreement among India, Nepal and the United Kingdom, that deals with the military service of Gorkha soldiers.
  2. The agreement divided the Gorkha regiments of the British empire between India and the United Kingdom.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The 1947 agreement among India, Nepal and the United Kingdom deals with the military service of Gorkha soldiers. The 1947 agreement divided the Gorkha regiments of the British empire between India and the United Kingdom. It also assured that the Gorkha soldiers of Nepal while serving in the British military will draw perks and privileges equivalent to their counterparts.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/1947-pact-on-gorkha-soldiers-redundant-says-nepal-minister/article32243320.ece

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(a)

3-(d)

4-(c)

5-(b)

6-(a)

7-(a)

8-(c)