Q1. Consider the following pairs:

           Festival         State

  1. Makaravilakku - Kerala
  2. Maghi - Punjab        
  3. Ghughuti - Uttarakhand

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Option D is correct.

  1. Makaravilakku - Kerala
  2. Maghi - Punjab        
  3. Ghughuti - Uttarakhand

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/all-set-for-makaravilakku-festival/article33571088.ece

https://www.euttarakhand.com/ghughuti-the-mouth-watering-festival-of-kumaon

https://indianexpress.com/article/cities/chandigarh/maghi-mela-kicks-off-today-no-political-conference-7145716/

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. Spintronics refers to the study of the role played by electron spin in solid state physics and possible devices that specifically exploit spin properties instead of or in addition to charge degrees of freedom.
  2. Rashba effect enables electrical control of the spin information.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Spintronics refers to the study of the role played by electron spin in solid state physics and possible devices that specifically exploit spin properties instead of or in addition to charge degrees of freedom. Utilizing the Rashba effect at the interface of heterostructures provides promising opportunities toward the development of high‐performance devices because it enables electrical control of the spin information.

https://www.physics.umd.edu/rgroups/spin/intro.html

Q3. With reference to the new Foreign Trade Policy introduced by the government of India, consider the following statements:

  1. It has been formed for five years and will strive to make the country a leader in international trade.
  2. The District Export Hubs Initiative will form a significant component of the new Foreign Trade Policy. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. New Foreign Trade Policy has been formed for five years and will strive to make the country a leader in international trade. The District Export Hubs Initiative will form a significant component of the new Foreign Trade Policy. 

https://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/new-foreign-trade-policy-2021-2026-to-be-rolled-out-from-april-says-govt-121011300117_1.html

Q4. With reference to the recent reforms done in the mining laws, consider the following statements:

  1. The Centre has removed the distinction between captive (self-use) and merchant (commercial sale) mines. 
  2. Under the proposed reforms, merchant mines would be allowed to sell 50 per cent of the minerals excavated in a year. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The Centre has removed the distinction between captive (self-use) and merchant (commercial sale) mines.          

Statement 2 is incorrect. Under the proposed reforms, captive mines would be allowed to sell 50 per cent of the minerals excavated in a year.     

https://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/boost-to-production-and-pvt-investment-as-mining-reforms-get-green-signal-121011301250_1.html

Q5. Consider the following statements with respect to the World Wildlife Fund for Nature:

  1. It is a science-based organization which addresses issues such as the conservation of species and its habitats, climate change and environmental education, among many others.
  2. It was established as a Charitable Trust in 1969, with the aim of reducing the degradation of Earth’s natural environment and building a future in which humans live in harmony with nature.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. It is a science-based organization which addresses issues such as the conservation of species and its habitats, climate change and environmental education, among many others. It was established as a Charitable Trust in 1969, with the aim of reducing the degradation of Earth’s natural environment and building a future in which humans live in harmony with nature.

https://www.wwfindia.org/who_we_are/#

Q6. Faceless Penalty Scheme, 2021, was introduced recently in the country by

(a) Ministry of External Affairs

 (b) Ministry of Finance

(c) Department of Revenue

(d) Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade

Option B is correct. Faceless Penalty Scheme, 2021, was introduced recently in the country by Ministry of Finance.

https://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/income-tax-department-brings-out-faceless-penalty-scheme-121011400063_1.html

Q7. Consider the following statements:

  1. Jet streams are relatively narrow bands of strong wind in the lower levels of the atmosphere.
  2. Jet streams occur in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Jet streams are relatively narrow bands of strong wind in the upper levels of the atmosphere.

Statement 2 is correct. Jet streams occur in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.         

https://www.weather.gov/jetstream/jet#:~:text=Jet%20streams%20occur%20in%20both,cold%20air%2C%20and%20seasonal%20changes.

Q8. Consider the following statements:

  1. Critical 'wildlife’ habitats are identified under the Wild Life Protection Act, 1972 and are based on scientific evidence that "such areas are required to be kept as inviolate for the purpose of conservation, without affecting the rights of the Scheduled Tribes or such other forest dwellers".
  2. Critical ‘tiger' habitats, are defined only in the Forest Rights Act, 2006 and are meant to be areas of national parks and wildlife sanctuaries that are required to be kept as inviolate for the purpose of conservation.             

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. Critical 'tiger' habitats (CTHs), also known as core areas of tiger reserves—are identified under the Wild Life Protection Act (WLPA), 1972 based on scientific evidence that "such areas are required to be kept as inviolate for the purpose of tiger conservation, without affecting the rights of the Scheduled Tribes or such other forest dwellers". 

Critical 'wildlife’ habitats (CWLHs), on the other hand, are defined only in the Forest Rights Act, 2006. CWLHs are meant to be areas of national parks and wildlife sanctuaries that are required to be kept as inviolate for the purpose of wildlife conservation (not just tigers).

https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/forests/community-forest-rights-in-critical-habitats-face-hurdle-due-to-lack-of-legal-roadmap-57602                              

Ques   Ans:

1-(d)

2-(c)

3-(c)

4-(a)

5-(c)

6-(b)

7-(b)

8-(d)