Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY):

  1. It was launched in 2015 to encourage and promote skill development in the country by providing free short duration skill training and incentivizing this by providing monetary rewards to youth for skill certification.
  2. Short Term Training, Recognition of Prior Learning and Special Projects are the components of the scheme.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) was launched in 2015 to encourage and promote skill development in the country by providing free short duration skill training and incentivizing this by providing monetary rewards to youth for skill certification. Short Term Training, Recognition of Prior Learning and Special Projects are the components of the scheme.       

https://www.msde.gov.in/schemes-initiatives/schemes-initiatives-through-nsdc/pradhan-mantri-kaushal-vikas-yojana-pmkvy

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. Judicial review is a type of court proceeding in which a judge reviews the lawfulness of a decision or action made by a public body.
  2. No article of the Indian Constitution deals with the judicial review.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Judicial review is a type of court proceeding in which a judge reviews the lawfulness of a decision or action made by a public body.            

Statement 2 is incorrect. The power of Judicial Review is incorporated in Articles 226 and 227 of the Constitution insofar as the High Courts are concerned. In regard to the Supreme Court Articles 32 and 136 of the Constitution, the judiciary in India has come to control by judicial review every aspect of governmental and public functions.

https://www.judiciary.uk/you-and-the-judiciary/judicial-review/#:~:text=Judicial%20review%20is%20a%20type,wrongs%20of%20the%20conclusion%20reached.

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. Bureaucracy is same as the governanceor administration. 
  2. Structurally, bureaucracy stems from the effort to govern organizations through closed systems. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Bureaucracy is not the same as governance or administration. Some administrative structures are not bureaucratic, and many bureaucracies are not part of administrative structures. The differences lie in the objectives of each system.

Statement 2 is correct. Structurally, bureaucracy stems from the effort to govern organizations through closed systems. Closed systems are formal and rigid to maintain order. Procedural correctness is paramount within a bureaucracy. 

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/b/bureaucracy.asp

Q4. Consider the following statements:

  1. Stereolithography is a term coined by Chuck Hull, after he patented it as a method of creating 3D objects using UV light and a liquid photopolymer.
  2. Stereolithography is ideal for creating jewelry and other finely detailed objects.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Stereolithography is a term coined by Chuck Hull, after he patented it as a method of creating 3D objects using UV light and a liquid photopolymer. Stereolithography is ideal for creating jewelry and other finely detailed objects.

https://medium.com/autodesk-university/real-world-applications-of-3d-printing-388dcb210d6e

Q5. The book, “Introduction to Dreamland”, is written by

(a) Chandrashekhar Azad             

 (b) Rabindranath Tagore

 (c) Jawaharlal Nehru

 (d) Sardar Bhagat Singh

Option D is correct. The book, “Introduction to Dreamland”, is written by Sardar Bhagat Singh.

https://books.google.co.in/books/about/Introduction_to_Dreamland.html?id=Deq_DwAAQBAJ&redir_esc=y

Q6. Wood’s dispatch of 1854 proposed reforms for which of the following?

(a) Construction of railways        

 (b) Education of Indians              

 (c) Legislative councils

 (d) Working conditions of Indian employees

Option B is correct. Wood’s dispatch of 1854 proposed reforms for Education of Indians.

Source: Spectrum book

Q7. Consider the following statements:

  1. Under Compulsory licensing, a government allows someone else to produce a patented product or process without the consent of the patent owner.
  2. It is one of the flexibilities in the field of patent protection included in the OPEC’s agreement on intellectual property.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Under Compulsory licensing, a government allows someone else to produce a patented product or process without the consent of the patent owner.     

 Statement 2 is incorrect. It is one of the flexibilities in the field of patent protection included in the WTO’s agreement on intellectual property — the TRIPS (Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) Agreement.

https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/trips_e/public_health_faq_e.htm#:~:text=Compulsory%20licensing%20is%20when%20a,the%20patent%2Dprotected%20invention%20itself.

Q8. Consider the following statements:

  1. Sikkim is bordered by only two countries.
  2. Khangchendzonga National Park and Barsey Rhododendron sanctuary belongs to the state of Sikkim.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

 Statement 1 is incorrect. Sikkim is bordered by the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north and northeast, by Bhutan to the southeast, by the Indian state of West Bengal to the south, and by Nepal to the west. 

Statement 2 is correct. Khangchendzonga National Park and Barsey Rhododendron sanctuary belongs to the state of Sikkim.

https://www.britannica.com/place/Sikkim#:~:text=Sikkim%20is%20bordered%20by%20the,by%20Nepal%20to%20the%20west.

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(a)

3-(b)

4-(c)

5-(d)

6-(b)

7-(a)

8-(b)