Q1. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. VoLTE is a mobile Internet technology standard 4G (or fourth generation) is just a common name given to VoLTE technology.
  2. LTE is a technology wherein you can simultaneously send voice and data over the network without diminishing quality of voice. 

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. LTE is a mobile Internet technology standard 4G (or fourth generation) is just a common name given to LTE technology. VoLTE is a technology wherein you can simultaneously send voice and data over the network without diminishing quality of voice. 

https://techwelkin.com/difference-between-lte-and-volte-4g

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. Fiscal Deficit refers to the excess of total disbursements from the Consolidated Fund of India, excluding repayment of the debt, over total receipts into the Fund (excluding the debt receipts) during a financial year.
  2. The fiscal deficit is usually mentioned as a percentage of GDP. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2               

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The excess of total disbursements from the Consolidated Fund of India, excluding repayment of the debt, over total receipts into the Fund (excluding the debt receipts) during a financial year. The fiscal deficit is usually mentioned as a percentage of GDP. 

https://www.financialexpress.com/what-is/fiscal-deficit-meaning/1620295/

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has recently introduced new monsoon models to better forecast changes in rainfall.
  2. IMD is an independent academic institution with Swiss roots and global reach, founded almost 75 years ago by business leaders for business leaders.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2               

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) may introduce new monsoon models to better forecast changes in rainfall.         

Statement 2 is correct. IMD is an independent academic institution with Swiss roots and global reach, founded almost 75 years ago by business leaders for business leaders.    

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/new-monsoon-models-on-the-anvil-this-year/article33602205.ece

Q4. With reference to the Vice-President of India, consider the following statements:

  1. The Vice-President is elected by an electoral college consisting of members of both Houses of Parliament.
  2. The Vice-President should be a member of either House of Parliament or of a House of a Legislature of any state. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2  

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The Vice-President is elected by an electoral college consisting of members of both Houses of Parliament, in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote and the voting in such election is by secret ballot.             

Statement 2 is incorrect.  The Vice-President is not a member of either House of Parliament or of a House of a Legislature of any state. 

http://164.100.47.5/Chairman-Rajyasabha/VPElection.htm

Q5. With reference to the provisions of the National Education Policy, 2020, consider the following statements:

  1. National Educational Alliance for Technology (NEAT) aims to use artificial Intelligence to make learning more personalized and customized as per the learner’s requirement. 
  2. The proposal to set up a national assessment centre, the PARAKH is to keep a regular check on the education system.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2  

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. National Educational Alliance for Technology (NEAT) aims to use artificial Intelligence to make learning more personalized and customized as per the learner’s requirement.         The proposal to set up a national assessment centre, the PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development) is to keep a regular check on the education system.           

https://www.hindustantimes.com/education/nep-2020-implementation-of-new-education-policy-in-our-education-system/story-bw4OiekFCamI7NPoNkgAoJ.html#:~:text=The%20Union%20cabinet%20in%20July,pre%2Dschool%20to%20secondary%20level.&text=55%20PM%20IST-,The%20Union%20cabinet%20in%20July%202020%20approved%20the%20New%20Education,pre%2Dschool%20to%20secondary%20level.

Q6. The world’s largest floating solar project will be installed in the backwaters of the Omkareshwar dam, located in the Indian state of

(a) Uttar Pradesh            

 (b) Madhya Pradesh     

 (c) Andhra Pradesh

 (d) Maharashtra

Option B is correct. The world’s largest floating solar project will be installed in the backwaters of the Omkareshwar dam, located in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

https://www.power-technology.com/news/600mw-floating-solar-farm-india-start-operations-2023-madhya-pradesh/

Q7. Consider the following statements regarding the faults between the blocks of rocks:

  1. Earthquakes only occur along the faults between the rock systems.
  2. A series of faults have been discovered recently at the foot of the Himalayas.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Earthquakes can strike any location at any time, but history shows they occur in the same general patterns year after year, principally in three large zones of the earth:

Circum-Pacific seismic belt, Alpide earthquake belt and mid-Atlantic Ridge.

Statement 2 is correct. Data from an oil and gas exploration company has now helped geologists discover a series of faults at the foot of the Himalaya. The international team notes that this fault system in the southeastern region of Nepal has the potential to cause earthquakes in the densely populated country. 

https://www.usgs.gov/faqs/where-do-earthquakes-occur?qt-news_science_products=0#qt-news_science_products

https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/previously-unknown-faults-at-the-foot-of-the-himalaya-discovered/article32125385.ece

Q8. Consider the following statements: 

  1. The term ‘torture’ has been clearly defined under the United Nations Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (UNCAT). 
  2. India is among the countries, which has ratified the convention.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Unlike many other international agreements and declarations prohibiting torture, UNCAT provides a general definition of the term. UNCAT generally defines torture as the infliction of severe physical and/or mental suffering committed under the color of law. UNCAT allows for no circumstances or emergencies where torture could be permitted.

Statement 2 is incorrect.  India is one of only five countries that have yet to ratify the 1987 UN Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (UNCAT). The others include Sudan, Brunei and Haiti.

https://thewire.in/rights/custodial-deaths-india-convention-against-torture

https://www.everycrsreport.com/reports/RL32438.html                                              

Ques  Ans:

1-(d)

2-(c)

3-(b)

4-(a)

5-(c)

6-(b)

7-(b)

8-(a)