Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the Sree Narayana Guru:

  1. He was one of the greatest proponents and re-evaluators of Advaita Vedanta.
  2. He preached “One caste, One Religion, One God for All”.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Sree Narayana Guru was one of the greatest proponents and re-evaluators of Advaita Vedanta. He preached “One caste, One Religion, One God for All”.            

https://www.keralatourism.org/varkala/sree-narayana-guru.php

Q2. Consider the following statements:

This tiger reserve is located at the tri-junction of three states.  It plays an unique role by forming part of the Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve, the first Biosphere Reserve in India, declared during 1986. The Reserve has tall grasses, commonly referred to as “Elephant Grass”, Bamboo of the giant variety, valuable timber species like Teak, Rosewood, etc. There are several species of endemic flora. Such a varied habitat is inhabited by a variety of animals which include Tiger, Elephant, Indian Gaur, Panther, among others.

Which one of the following tiger reserves has been referred here?

(a) Melghat Tiger Reserve           

(b) Dandeli-Anshi Tiger Reserve

(c) Bandipur Tiger Reserve          

(d) Mudumalai Tiger Reserve

Option D is correct. Mudumalai tiger reserve is located at the tri-junction of three states.  It plays an unique role by forming part of the Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve, the first Biosphere Reserve in India, declared during 1986. The Reserve has tall grasses, commonly referred to as “Elephant Grass”, Bamboo of the giant variety, valuable timber species like Teak, Rosewood, etc. There are several species of endemic flora. Such a varied habitat is inhabited by a variety of animals which include Tiger, Elephant, Indian Gaur, Panther, among others.

https://www.mudumalaitigerreserve.com/about-us/

Q3. With reference to the Green Bonds, consider the following statements:

  1. A green bond is a type of fixed-income instrument that is specifically earmarked to raise money for climate and environmental projects.
  2. Green bonds do not come with tax incentives.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. A green bond is a type of fixed-income instrument that is specifically earmarked to raise money for climate and environmental projects.

Statement 2 is incorrect. Green bonds typically come with tax incentives to enhance their attractiveness to investors.                                               

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/g/green-bond.asp

Q4. Recently, a successful trial of the Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon (SAAW) was conducted in the country, which has been

(a) Bought from USA      

 (b) Indigenously developed by DRDO    

 (c) Jointly developed by ISRO and NASA

 (d) Developed by Indian Air Force

Option B is correct. Recently, a successful trial of the Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon (SAAW) was conducted in the country, which is indigenously developed by DRDO.       

https://indianexpress.com/article/india/drdo-smart-anti-airfield-weapon-7157776/

Q5. With reference to the rare disease in India, consider the following statements:

  1. The most common rare diseases include Haemophilia, Thalassemia, Sickle-cell Anaemia and Primary Immuno Deficiency in children, among others.
  2. The Rare Disease Day is celebrated every year on the last day of the February month.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The most common rare diseases include Haemophilia, Thalassemia, Sickle-cell Anaemia and Primary Immuno Deficiency in children, among others. The Rare Disease Day is celebrated every year on the last day of the February month.

https://vikaspedia.in/health/health-campaigns/important-days/rare-disease-day#:~:text=In%20Japan%20a%20rare%20disease,rare%20is%201%20in%2010%2C000.

Q6. Consider the following statements:

  1. Among all the planets in our solar system, only Mars has ‘lava tubes’ also called volcanic caves, on its subsurface.
  2. Lava tubes provide the required amount of heat, for the volcanic eruptions to happen.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Planet Earth have several lava tubes, also called volcanic caves that act as “channels of rivers of lava that at some earlier time flowed downslope from a volcanic vent or fissure”. Like Earth, Mars and Moon also have these lava tubes on their subsurface. 

Statement 2 is incorrect. Lava tubes could provide stable shields from cosmic and solar radiation and micrometeorite impacts which are often happening on the surfaces of planetary bodies.

https://www.ksgindia.com/study-material/news-for-aspirants/25058-lava-tubes-on-moon-and-mars.html

Q7. The Chiang Mai Initiative, launched recently by the ASEAN+3 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors, for which one of the following objectives?

(a) For foreign currency exchange in times of emergency

 (b) To improve the global position of their central banks

 (c) To provide emergency funding to the poor countries.

 (d) To have Free Trade agreements among themselves 

Option A is correct. In the 22nd ASEAN+3 Finance Ministers’ and Central Bank Governors’ Meeting made a significant decision. The Chiang Mai Initiative (CMI), mechanism for foreign currency exchange in times of emergency created under ASEAN+3, had previously been regarded as a pool of foreign exchange reserves accessible by the countries concerned as a U.S. dollar loan.

https://thediplomat.com/2019/05/reforming-the-chiang-mai-initiative/

Q8. Consider the following statements:

  1. CRISPR Cas9 technology refers to the joining together of DNA molecules from two different species that are inserted into a host organism to produce new genetic combinations.
  2. Recombinant DNA in a living organism was first achieved in 1970s by Herbert Boyer, who used E. coli restriction enzymes to insert foreign DNA into plasmids.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Recombinant DNA technology refers to the joining together of DNA molecules from two different species that are inserted into a host organism to produce new genetic combinations. Statement 2 is correct. Recombinant DNA in a living organism was first achieved in 1970s by Herbert Boyer, who used  E. coli restriction enzymes to insert foreign DNA into plasmids.

https://microbenotes.com/recombinant-dna-technology-steps-applications-and-limitations/      

 Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(d)

3-(a)

4-(b)

5-(c)

6-(d)

7-(a)

8-(b)