Q1. Consider the following statements:

He was a renowned Indian freedom fighter and one of the makers of modern India. He served as the Union Home Minister in Jawaharlal Nehru’s cabinet and tackled the critical issues plaguing the newly independent nation with great elan. He actively took part in the Non-cooperation movement, the Civil Disobedience movement and the Satyagraha movement and as a result was imprisoned several times. After India’s independence, he became the first Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.

Which one of the following personalities has been referred here?

(a) Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant  

(b) C Rajagopalachari     

(c) D.K Karve

(d) Gulzarilal Nanda

Option A is correct. Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant was a renowned Indian freedom fighter and one of the makers of modern India. He served as the Union Home Minister in Jawaharlal Nehru’s cabinet and tackled the critical issues plaguing the newly independent nation with great elan. He actively took part in the Non-cooperation movement, the Civil Disobedience movement and the Satyagraha movement and as a result was imprisoned several times. After India’s independence, he became the first Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.

https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/govind-ballabh-pant-7438.php

Q2. The historic “Oslo Accord”, was signed as a peace process between the

(a) South Asian countries             

(b) West Asian countries              

(c) African countries       

(d) North American countries

Option B is correct. On September 13, 1993, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) Negotiator Mahmoud Abbas signed a Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements, commonly referred to as the “Oslo Accord,” at the White House. 

https://history.state.gov/milestones/1993-2000/oslo#:~:text=On%20September%2013%2C%201993%2C%20Israeli,%2C%E2%80%9D%20at%20the%20White%20House.

Q3. Consider the following statements regarding the Green tax:

  1. In India, transport vehicles older than 8 years are charged a tax at the rate of 10-25 per cent of road tax, called as Green tax.
  2. The tax dissuades people from using vehicles that damage the environment and to reduce overall pollution level and make the polluter pay for it.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The central government has recently approved a proposal to levy a "Green Tax" on old vehicles that are considered polluting to the environment. As part of the proposal transport vehicles older than 8 years could be charged a tax at the rate of 10-25 per cent of road tax at the time of renewal of fitness certificate. At present, such tax is not charged in India.

Statement 2 is correct. The tax dissuades people from using vehicles that damage the environment and to reduce overall pollution level and make the polluter pay for it.  

https://www.businesstoday.in/sectors/auto/green-tax-for-older-vehicles-soon-to-cost-up-to-50-of-road-tax/story/429070.html

 Q4. Consider the following statements:

  1. Off-budget borrowings are loans that are taken not by the Centre directly, but by another public institution which borrows on the directions of the central government.
  2. Such loans are included in the national fiscal deficit.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Off-budget borrowings are loans that are taken not by the Centre directly, but by another public institution which borrows on the directions of the central government.    

Statement 2 is incorrect. But since the liability of the loan is not formally on the Centre, the loan is not included in the national fiscal deficit. This helps keep the country’s fiscal deficit within acceptable limits.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/why-govt-borrows-off-budget-and-how-7162925/

Q5. With reference to the manufactured sand (M-Sand), consider the following statements:

  1. Due to fast growing construction industry, the demand for sand has increased tremendously, causing deficiency of suitable river sand in most part of the world.
  2. It can be dust free and its sizes can be controlled easily so that it meets the required grading for the given construction.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Due to fast growing construction industry, the demand for sand has increased tremendously, causing deficiency of suitable river sand in most part of the world. It can be dust free and its sizes can be controlled easily so that it meets the required grading for the given construction.                        

https://theconstructor.org/building/manufactured-m-sand-concrete/8601/#:~:text=Manufactured%20sand%20(M%2DSand)%20is%20a%20substitute%20of%20river,is%20less%20than%204.75mm.

Q6. With reference to the intranasal vaccines, consider the following statements:

  1. With intranasal vaccines, the solution is squirted or sprayed into the nostrils and inhaled instead of injecting it.
  2. Covid-19 vaccine BBV154, is a type of intranasal vaccine.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. With intranasal vaccines, the solution is squirted or sprayed into the nostrils and inhaled instead of injecting it. Covid-19 vaccine BBV154, is a type of intranasal vaccine.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-understanding-bbv154-bharat-biotechs-single-dose-intranasal-covid-19-vaccine-7160945/

Q7. Recently, the DRDO conducted the successful maiden launch of Akash-NG (New Generation) Missile, which is a/an

 (a) Integrated Long Range Missile           

 (b) Nuclear powered Missile     

 (c) Air-to-Air Missile      

 (d) Surface-to-Air Missile

Option D is correct. Recently, the DRDO conducted the successful maiden launch of Akash-NG (New Generation) Missile, which is a Surface-to-Air Missile. It meant for use by the Indian Air Force with an aim of intercepting high maneuvering aerial threats.

https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/odisha-drdo-conducts-successful-maiden-launch-of-akash-ng-missile-1762712-2021-01-26

Q8. Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, the Climate Adaptation Summit, 2021 was hosted by India.
  2. The summit build on the advances of the UN Climate Action Summit by showcasing pioneering solutions to the climate emergency, and sustaining momentum through to UNFCCC’s COP26.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.        

Statement 1 is incorrect. Recently, the Climate Adaptation Summit, 2021 was hosted by Netherlands.

Statement 2 is correct. The summit build on the advances of the UN Climate Action Summit by showcasing pioneering solutions to the climate emergency, and sustaining momentum through to UNFCCC’s COP26.

https://www.un.org/en/food-systems-summit-2021-en/climate-adaptation-summit

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(b)

3-(b)

4-(a)

5-(c)

6-(c)

7-(d)

8-(b)