Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the President’s address in Indian Parliament:

  1. When the Constitution came into force, the President was required to address each session of Parliament.
  2. The government uses the President’s address to make policy and legislative announcements.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. When the Constitution came into force, the President was required to address each session of Parliament. The government uses the President’s address to make policy and legislative announcements.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/president-address-in-house-ram-nath-kovind-lok-sabha-rajya-sabha-7165832/

Q2. With reference to the reforms in Urban Local Bodies in India, consider the following statements:

  1. Reforms in ULBs and the urban utilities reforms are aimed at financial strengthening of ULBs in the States and to enable them to provide better public health and sanitation services to citizens.
  2. Rajasthan has become the first State in the country to successfully undertake Urban Local Bodies reforms.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Reforms in ULBs and the urban utilities reforms are aimed at financial strenghtening of ULBs in the States and to enable them to provide better public health and sanitation services to citizens.

Statement 2 is incorrect. Rajasthan has become the 5th State in the country to successfully undertake Urban Local Bodies (ULB) reforms stipulated by the Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance and has thus become eligible for additional reform linked borrowing.

https://orissadiary.com/rajasthan-becomes-the-5th-state-to-complete-urban-local-bodies-ulb-reforms/

Q3. With reference to the World Gold Council, consider the following statements:

  1. It is led by the government leaders of those nations, having surplus gold production.
  2. Its purpose is to stimulate and sustain demand for gold, provide industry leadership and be the global authority on the gold market

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Its members are the world’s leading and most forward-thinking gold mining companies.

Statement 2 is correct. Its purpose is to stimulate and sustain demand for gold, provide industry leadership and be the global authority on the gold market.               

https://www.gold.org/who-we-are

Q4. With reference to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), consider the following statements:

  1. It was set up as the world's "Atoms for Peace" organization, within the United Nations family. 
  2. Reports on IAEA activities are submitted periodically to the United Nations Security Council and the United Nations General Assembly.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. It was set up as the world's "Atoms for Peace" organization, within the United Nations family.  Reports on IAEA activities are submitted periodically to the United Nations Security Council and the United Nations General Assembly.

https://www.iaea.org/about/about-iaea

Q5. Kala Utsav is an initiative to promote arts in education by nurturing and showcasing the artistic talent of school students at the secondary stage in the country. It has been initiated by

(a) Ministry of Culture   

 (b) Ministry of Home Affairs

 (c) Ministry of Rural Development

 (d) Ministry of Education

Option D is correct. Kala Utsav is an initiative to promote arts in education by nurturing and showcasing the artistic talent of school students at the secondary stage in the country. It has been initiated by Ministry of Education.

http://kalautsav.in/

Q6. If the high court or the Supreme Court of India, issues the writ of Habeas Corpus, what does it mean?

(a) When inferior court or tribunal proceeds to act without jurisdiction or in excess of jurisdiction.             

(b) Compelling someone to execute a duty that they are legally obligated to complete.

(c) A prisoner can be released from unlawful detention.

(d) None of the above.

Option C is correct. Habeas Corpus is the most valuable writ for personal liberty. Habeas Corpus means, "Let us have the body." A person, when arrested, can move the Court for the issue of Habeas Corpus. It is an order by a Court to the detaining authority to produce the arrested person before it so that it may examine whether the person has been detained lawfully or otherwise. 

https://www.latestlaws.com/articles/analysis-of-types-of-writs-under-constitution-of-india-landmark-cases-by-tanu-kapoor/#:~:text=A%20writ%20of%20habeas%20corpus%2C%20also%20known%20as%20the%20%22great,court%20to%20determine%20whether%20the

Q7. With reference to the President’s rule in India, consider the following statements:

  1. During the President’s Rule, the Parliament takes direct control of the state in question and the Governor becomes its constitutional head.
  2. Article 360 of the Constitution of India gives the President of India the power to impose this rule on a state on the advice of the Union Council of Ministers.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. During the President’s Rule, the central government takes direct control of the state in question and the Governor becomes its constitutional head. Article 356 of the Constitution of India gives the President of India the power to impose this rule on a state on the advice of the Union Council of Ministers.           

https://www.business-standard.com/about/what-is-president-s-rule

Q8. Consider the following statements:

  1. Intentional genomic alteration in animals refers to making specific changes to the genome of the organism using modern molecular technologies.
  2. Recently, the ministry of food processing Industries has approved intentional genomic alteration (IGA) in a line of domestic pigs referred to as GalSafe pigs.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only              

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct.  Intentional genomic alteration in animals refers to making specific changes to the genome of the organism using modern molecular technologies that are popularly referred to as “genome editing”.

Statement 2 is incorrect. Recently, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a first-of-its-kind intentional genomic alteration (IGA) in a line of domestic pigs referred to as GalSafe pigs.              

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-what-fda-nod-for-genetically-modified-pigs-means-7110376/

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(a)

3-(b)

4-(c)

5-(d)

6-(c)

7-(d)

8-(a)