Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the historical Chauri Chaura incident 1922:

  1. It happened in the Gorakhpur district of the United Province in British India, when a large group of protesters clashed with police.
  2.  Mahatma Gandhi halted the Non-cooperation Movement on the national level, as a direct result of this incident.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The Chauri Chaura incident occurred at Chauri Chaura in the Gorakhpur district of the United Province, (modern Uttar Pradesh) in British India on 4 February 1922, when a large group of protesters, participating in the Non-cooperation movement, clashed with police, who opened fire. In retaliation the demonstrators attacked and set fire to a police station, killing all of its occupants. The incident led to the deaths of three civilians and 23 policemen. Mahatma Gandhi, who was strictly against violence, halted the Non-cooperation Movement on the national level on 12 February 1922, as a direct result of this incident.

https://gorakhpur.nic.in/tourist-place/shaheed-smarak-chaurichaura/

Q2. With reference to the GOBAR (Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources) - DHAN scheme, consider the following statements:

  1. It was launched by the Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation.
  2. Gram Panchayats of all the states are eligible to receive the financial assistance under GOBAR-Dhan scheme, subject to the limits of guidelines.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. It launched by the Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation.           

Statement 2 is incorrect. Only those Gram Panchayats which have not availed Solid and Liquid Waste Management (SLWM) funds under Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) SBM (G) are eligible to receive the financial assistance under GOBAR-Dhan scheme, subject to the limits of guidelines.

https://vikaspedia.in/health/sanitation-and-hygiene/gobardhan-scheme

Q3. With reference to the wetlands, consider the following statements:

  1. World Wetlands Day is observed every year on 2nd February to raise global awareness about the vital role played by wetlands for people and our planet.
  2. Wetlands are found in all countries across climatic zones from the polar regions to tropical belts and from high altitudes to coastal areas. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. World Wetlands Day is observed every year on 2nd February to raise global awareness about the vital role played by wetlands for people and our planet. Wetlands are found in all countries across climatic zones from the polar regions to tropical belts and from high altitudes to coastal areas. 

https://www.ndtv.com/india-news/world-wetlands-day-2021-what-are-wetlands-theme-and-significance-2361632

Q4. Consider the following statements:

  1. These are the ethnic people, who lived in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, most of which are located in Bangladesh.
  2. Now, most of them are staying for decades in the relief camps in Arunachal Pradesh.
  3. They are the ethnic groups following the Buddhist religion.

Which of the following ethnic groups has been mentioned above?

(a) Brus

(b) Hajongs

(c) Chenchus

(d) Chakmas

Option D is correct. Chakmas are the ethnic people, who lived in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, most of which are located in Bangladesh. Now, most of them are staying for decades in the relief camps in Arunachal Pradesh. They are the ethnic groups following the Buddhist religion.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/who-are-chakmas/article19682129.ece                          

Q5. With reference to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), consider the following statements:

  1. It only curbs the development of new nuclear weapons.
  2. The Treaty’s entry into force depends on 44 specific States that must have signed and ratified the Treaty.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. It curbs the development of new nuclear weapons and the improvement of existing nuclear weapon designs by the member countries.

Statement 2 is correct. The Treaty’s entry into force depends on 44 specific States  that must have signed and ratified the Treaty.  These States had nuclear facilities at the time the Treaty was negotiated and adopted.

https://www.ctbto.org/the-treaty/article-xiv-conferences/2011/afc11-information-for-media-and-press/what-is-the-ctbt/

Q6. The Global Energy Transition Index, is released by which one of the following organizations?

(a) International Atomic Energy Agency 

(b) International Energy Agency

(c) United nations Environment Programme

(d) World Economic Forum 

Option D is correct. India ranks 76th on WEF's global Energy Transition index; Sweden on top.

https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/power/india-ranks-76th-on-wefs-global-energy-transition-index-sweden-on-top/68556778

Q7. Which of the following statements is/are correct about the term ‘Curative Petition’, often seen in the news?

(a) It is a Supreme Court’s creation, which goes against its own power.

(b) It is the final and last option for the people to acquire justice as mentioned and promised by the Constitution of India.

(c) The concept originated from the case of Rupa Ashok Hurra Vs. Ashok Hurra and Anr.

(d) All of the above.

Option D is correct. All the statements are correct.

https://www.deccanherald.com/national/explained-what-is-curative-petition-793140.html

Q8. With reference to the National Infrastructure Pipeline, consider the following statements:

  1.  Under the project, the government would spend in the infrastructure sector, to reach $5 trillion economy target by 2025.
  2. No participation would be considered from the private sector.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Under the project, the government would spend in the infrastructure sector to reach $5 trillion economy target by 2025.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The funding of the National Infrastructure Pipeline will be jointly made by the Centre, states and the private sector in the proportion of 39:39:22 (39 % each by the centre and states and 22% by the private sector).

 https://www.indianeconomy.net/splclassroom/what-is-national-infrastructure-pipeline/

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(a)

3-(c)

4-(d)

5-(b)

6-(d)

7-(d)

8-(a)