Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the Local governments of India:

  1. The first Municipal Corporation was set-up in the former Presidency Town of Madras and was followed by similar corporations in the then Bombay and Calcutta.
  2. Constitution of India makes the local self-government in urban areas a clear-cut constitutional obligation. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The first Municipal Corporation was set-up in the former Presidency Town of Madras and was followed by similar corporations in the then Bombay and Calcutta.           

Statement 2 is incorrect. Constitution did not make the local self-government in urban areas a clear-cut constitutional obligation. 

https://knowindia.gov.in/profile/local-government.php

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, the FSSAI has announced that all edible refined oils, bakery shortening, vegetable fat spreadsand mixed fat spreads may only contain up to 3% trans fats.
  2. The World Health Organization (WHO) had called for global elimination of trans fat by 2023.                   

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has announced that all edible refined oils, vanaspati, bakery shortening, margarines, vegetable fat spreads and mixed fat spreads may only contain up to 3% trans fats by January 2021 and 2% or less trans fats by January 2022. The World Health Organization (WHO) had called for global elimination of trans fat by 2023.      

https://health.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/policy/fssais-caps-trans-fatty-acid-to-2-in-all-oils-and-fats-by-jan-22/80101438#:~:text=The%20Food%20Safety%20and%20Standards,trans%20fats%20by%20January%202022.

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. Open market operations are conducted by the RBI by way of sale and purchase of G-Secs to and from the market with an objective to adjust the rupee liquidity conditions in the market on a durable basis.
  2. The public debt office of RBI, acts as the registry and central depository for G-Secs.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Open market operations are conducted by the RBI by way of sale and purchase of G-Secs to and from the market with an objective to adjust the rupee liquidity conditions in the market on a durable basis. The public debt office of RBI, acts as the registry and central depository for G-Secs.   

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/rbis-open-market-operations-all-you-need-to-know/articleshow/73029776.cms

Q4. With reference to the Pradhan Mantri Urja Ganga, often seen in the news, consider the following statements:

  1. It is a gas pipeline project that will cater to the energy requirements of ten states.
  2. It is also known as Jagdishpur – Haldia & Bokaro – Dhamra Pipeline Project (JHBDPL).

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect.  It is a gas pipeline project that will cater to the energy requirements of five states, namely Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal.           

Statement 2 is correct. It is also known as Jagdishpur – Haldia & Bokaro – Dhamra Pipeline Project (JHBDPL).

https://journalsofindia.com/8407-2/

Q5. With reference to the Dauliganaga river, often seen in news, consider the following statements:

  1. It flows through the Pin Valley National Park.
  2. It merges with the Alaknanda at Vishnuprayag.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Dauliganaga river flows through the Nanda Devi N.P.

Statement 2 is correct. It merges with the Alaknanda at Vishnuprayag.

https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Geomorphological-map-of-Kali-and-Dhauliganga-river-valleys_fig2_281833598

Q6. “Hope Mission”, recently seen in the news, has been launched by

(a) Australia

 (b) China

 (c) UK

 (d) UAE

Option D is correct. UAE aims to successfully bring its first interplanetary Hope mission into orbit around Mars.

https://www.space.com/hope-uae-mars-mission-interview-sarah-al-amiri

Q7. Consider the following statements:

  1. Glacial lake outburst floods (GLOFs) occur from an artificially created dam only.
  2. In the Shiwaliks, moraine-dammed glacial lakes are common and numerous GLOF events have been traced back to the failure of moraine dams.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. Glacial lake outburst floods (GLOFs) occur from an unstable natural dam formed from a glacial retreat. In the Hindu Kush Himalaya, moraine-dammed glacial lakes are common and numerous GLOF events have been traced back to the failure of moraine dams.   

https://www.ndtv.com/india-news/glacial-outburst-floods-what-is-it-and-how-does-it-occur-2365224

Q8. The Tapovan Vishnugad power project, sometimes seen in the news, is located in

(a) Uttarakhand

 (b) Uttar Pradesh

(c) Maharashtra

(d) West Bengal

Option A is correct. The Tapovan Vishnugad power project, sometimes seen in the news, is located in Uttarakhand.

https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/power/uttarakhand-avalanche-damages-tapovan-hydro-power-project-ntpc/80741380

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(c)

3-(c)

4-(b)

5-(b)

6-(d)

7-(d)

8-(a)