Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the Special Marriages Act, 1954 (SMA):

  1. The Special Marriages Act is used to register inter-religious and inter-caste marriages in India.
  2.  The succession of property happens through this act, which is governed by religions of individuals.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The Special Marriages Act is used to register inter-religious and inter-caste marriages in India.               

 Statement 2 is incorrect. The succession of property happens through personal laws, that are governed by religions of individuals.  Hence, the rights of inheritance and succession as guaranteed by the particular religion continue to exists despite marrying outside the religious fold.

https://www.shethepeople.tv/home-top-video/7-things-women-should-know-about-special-marriages-act-1954/

Q2. With reference to the President’s rule, consider the following statements:

  1. President’s Rule refers to the dismissal of a state government and the imposition of direct rule of the Centre.
  2. Article 356 of the Constitution of India gives the President of India the power to impose this rule on a state on the advice of the Union Council of Ministers.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. President’s Rule refers to the suspension of a state government and the imposition of direct rule of the Centre.

Statement 2 is correct. Article 356 of the Constitution of India gives the President of India the power to impose this rule on a state on the advice of the Union Council of Ministers.                                 

https://www.business-standard.com/about/what-is-president-s-rule

Q3. With reference to the Lokpal Act, 2013, consider the following statements:

  1. The act provides for a mechanism to inquire into corruption related allegations against public servants.  
  2. The Lokpal Act mandates public servants to declare their assets and liabilities and that of their spouses and dependent children.  

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The act provides for a mechanism to inquire into corruption related allegations against public servants. The Lokpal Act mandates public servants to declare their assets and liabilities and that of their spouses and dependent children.  

https://www.prsindia.org/theprsblog/declaration-assets-under-lokpal-act-explained

Q4. Consider the following statements:

  1. APMCs provide farmers with a platform to market their produce, regulate the sale of produce and collect market fees for it.
  2. Different states have different APMC Acts and the marketing committees are set up as per the law prevalent there.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. APMCs provide farmers with a platform to market their produce, regulate the sale of produce and collect market fees for it. Different states have different APMC Acts and the marketing committees are set up as per the law prevalent there.

https://factly.in/explainer-what-are-apmcs/

Q5. Sessa Orchid Sanctuary, often seen in the news, is located in the state of

(a) Tamil Nadu

 (b) Gujarat

 (c) Assam

 (d) Arunachal Pradesh

Option D is correct. Sessa Orchid Sanctuary, often seen in the news, is located in the state of Arunachal Pradesh.

https://indianexpress.com/article/north-east-india/arunachal-pradesh/in-arunachal-villagers-and-forest-officials-collaborate-to-breathe-new-life-to-indias-only-orchid-sanctuary-7173323/

Q6. Consider the following statements regarding the Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Act, 1994:

  1. The act provides for the partial prohibition of sex determination.
  2. The department of health and family welfare acts as the implementing authority.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. The act provides for the absolute prohibition of sex determination. Supervisory boards at the central and state levels, acts as the implementing authorities.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3498638/

https://radiopaedia.org/articles/the-pre-conception-and-pre-natal-diagnostic-techniques-prohibition-of-sex-selection-act

Q7. With reference to the Uranium Contamination in Ground Water, consider the following statements:

  1. The WHO has set a provisional safe drinking water standard of 150 micrograms of uranium per litre for India.
  2.  Uranium is not yet included in the list of contaminants monitored under the Bureau of Indian Standards’ Drinking Water Specifications.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The WHO has set a provisional safe drinking water standard of 30 micrograms of uranium per litre for India.  

Statement 2 is correct. Uranium is not yet included in the list of contaminants monitored under the Bureau of Indian Standards’ Drinking Water Specifications.

https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/severe-uranium-contamination-in-indias-groundwater-study/article24122258.ece

Q8. With reference to the International Labour Organization (ILO), consider the following statements:

  1. The ILO was the first specialized agency of the United Nations.
  2. The ILO gives an equal voice to workers and government to ensure that the views of the social partners are closely reflected in labour standards, but it does not support the employers in any way.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The ILO was the first specialized agency of the UN, founded in 1919 in the wake of a destructive war.

Statement 2 is incorrect. It is a unique tripartite structure of the ILO gives an equal voice to workers, employers and governments to ensure that the views of the social partners are closely reflected in labour standards and in shaping policies and programmes.

https://www.ilo.org/global/about-the-ilo/lang--en/index.htm

https://www.ksgindia.com/study-material/news-for-aspirants/22677-weso-report.html

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(b)

3-(c)

4-(c)

5-(d)

6-(d)

7-(b)

8-(a)