Q1. Consider the following statements:

  1. The Elongated tortoises are tropical creatures that are unable to swim and therefore prefer staying in a densely planted habitat. 
  2. They are categorized as ‘Critically Endangered’ in the IUCN red list.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Elongated tortoises are tropical creatures, that are unable to swim and therefore prefer staying in a densely planted habitat. 

Statement 2 is correct. They are categorized as ‘Critically Endangered’ in the IUCN red list, but they reside in a wide range of geographical locations including southern and southeast Asia, Myanmar, North east India, Nepal, Laos, Bangladesh, Cambodia, The Malaysian peninsula and Thailand.

https://www.allturtles.com/elongated-tortoise/

Q2. Mousuni Island, recently seen in the news, is located on the coast of which of the following states of India?

(a) Odisha

(b) Gujarat

(c) Andhra Pradesh

(d) West Bengal

Option D is correct. Mousuni Island , recently seen in the news, is located on the coast of West Bengal.

http://www.mousuniisland.com/

Q3. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. A disease is called ‘Epidemic’ when it is spreading through one or more populations, whereas it is called ‘Endemic’ when it is constantly present in a group or geographic area.
  2. Malaria and Smallpox are the examples of the epidemic diseases.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. An epidemic occurs when a disease is spreading through one or more populations. In contrast, the endemic disease is one that is constantly present in a group or geographic area.

Statement 2 is incorrect. Malaria and Smallpox are the examples of the endemic diseases.

https://www.verywellhealth.com/what-is-an-endemic-disease-3132825

Q4. With reference to the International Press Institute (IPI), consider the following statements:

  1. It is an association of media professionals representing leading digital, print and broadcast news outlets in nearly 100 countries. 
  2. It is an integral part of United Nations.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. It is an association of media professionals representing leading digital, print and broadcast news outlets in nearly 100 countries. 

Statement 2 is incorrect. It enjoys consultative status with the UN, UNESCO and the council of Europe.

 https://ipi.media/about/

Q5. Consider the following statements:

  1. The creation of all numerals which evolved from the placeholder dot symbol, found in the Bakhshali manuscript.
  2. The Bakhshali manuscript belonged to the Mughal period of medeival India.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The creation of zero as a number, which evolved from the placeholder dot symbol found in the Bakhshali manuscript.

 Statement 2 is incorrect. It is a third-century Indian manuscript.

https://www.livemint.com/Science/MSxVoPsCyzUQcvUMh10hDN/1800yearold-black-dot-in-Bakhshali-manuscript-is-first-z.html

Q6. With reference to the Vakataka dynasty, consider the following statements:

  1. Mamallapuram served as the capital of the dynasty.
  2. An oval-shaped sealing has been found recently, belonging to the period when Prabhavatigupta was the queen of the Vakataka dynasty.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect.   Nagardhan, near Nagpur in Maharashtra, served as the capital of the dynasty. Statement 2 is correct. An oval-shaped sealing has been found, belonging to the period when Prabhavatigupta was the queen of the Vakataka dynasty.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/nagardhan-excavation-site-nagpur-excavation-vakataka-dynasty-1500-year-old-relics-6236915/

Q7. With reference to the origin of stars in the universe, consider the following statements:

  1. Their disruption results from an explosive event called Supernova.
  2.  Accretion burst event, is associated with the formation of stars.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both the statements are correct. When the stars have exhausted their hydrogen gas fuel and die, they do so in an explosive event called a supernovaSometimes the forming star swallows up a huge amount of matter, resulting in a burst of activities in the massive star. This is called an accretion burst event. 

https://www.sciencealert.com/astronomers-have-caught-a-rare-and-massive-accretion-burst-in-our-galaxy

Q8. With reference to the Zero-Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) Programme, consider the following statements:

  1. It is a holistic alternative to the present paradigm of high-cost chemical inputs-based agriculture towards the zero net cost of production the crops and is promoted by the all the state governments in India.
  2. The four wheels on which ZBNF is based are Bijamrita, Jiwamrita, Mulching and Waaphasa.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?                   

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. It is a holistic alternative to the present paradigm of high-cost chemical inputs-based agriculture towards the zero net cost of production of all crops. But still, it is at nascent stage in India.

Statement 2 is correct. The four wheels on which ZBNF is based are Bijamrita, Jiwamrita, Mulching and Waaphasa.

http://apzbnf.in/                          

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(d)

3-(a)

4-(a)

5-(d)

6-(b)

7-(c)

8-(b)