Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the Urban Local Body reforms in India:

  1.  These are aimed at financial strengthening of ULBs in the States and to enable them to provide better public health and sanitation services.
  2. Economically rejuvenated ULBs will also be able to create good civic infrastructure.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct.   Reforms in the Urban Local Bodies and the urban utilities reforms are aimed at financial strenghtening of ULBs in the States and to enable them to provide better public health and sanitation services. Economically rejuvenated ULBs will also be able to create good civic infrastructure.

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=1687861#:~:text=Reforms%20in%20the%20Urban%20Local,to%20create%20good%20civic%20infrastructure.

Q2. With reference to the Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV), often seen in the news, consider the following statements:

  1. It is a newly discovered Phleboviruscausing an emerging hemorrhagic fever globally, with reported case fatality rates up to 30%.
  2. SFTSV is believed to be transmitted by birds. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only           

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. SFTSV is a newly discovered Phlebovirus causing an emerging hemorrhagic fever in East Asia, with reported case fatality rates up to 30%.

Statement 2 is incorrect. SFTSV is believed to be transmitted by ticks.

 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3911604/

Q3. With reference to the process of Plasma Pyrolysis, often seen in the news, consider the following statements:

  1. Plasma pyrolysis integrates thermo-chemical properties of plasma using pyrolysis process, for all types of waste management.
  2. Lightning and aurora borealis are most common natural plasma observed on Earth.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only           

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Plasma pyrolysis integrates thermo-chemical properties of plasma using pyrolysis process for safe disposal of solid wastes.

Statement 2 is correct. Lightning and aurora borealis are most common natural plasma observed on Earth.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/229020408_Plasma_pyrolysis_and_gasification_of_plastics_waste_-_A_review

Q4. Consider the following statements regarding the Swadesh Darshan Scheme of India:

  1. It is a Central Sector Scheme for integrated development of theme based tourist circuits in the country.
  2. Its major objective is to create employment among rural youths.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only           

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Swadesh Darshan Scheme is a Central Sector Scheme for integrated development of theme based tourist circuits in the country.

Statement 2 is incorrect. One of its objectives is to create employment, through active involvement of local communities.

http://swadeshdarshan.gov.in/Guidelines%20final.pdf?%3E

Q5. Consider the following statements with respect to Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED):

  1. It is a national-level apex organization, functioning under the administrative control of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs. 
  2. The 4P1000 Initiative is being implemented by TRIFED in India.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only           

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. TRIFED is a national-level apex organization, functioning under the administrative control of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs. 

Statement 2 is correct. TRIFED introduced the “The 4P1000 Initiative: The Tribal Perspective through Bamboonomics” and explained the genesis of the revolution during the global meet (COP 14 of UNCCD) in New Delhi on the 13th September’19. The 4P1000 Initiative: The international initiative “4per1000”, launched by France on 1 December 2015 at the COP 21.

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=1584996

Q6. Recently, a committee has been formed under the chairmanship of KV Kamath, to make recommendations on

(a) Restructuring of loans impacted by the Covid 19 pandemic

(b) Reforming education sector

(c) Climate change

(d) Privatization of railways

Option A is correct. Recently, RBI has formed a committee under the chairmanship of former ICICI Bank CEO, KV Kamath to make recommendations on the financial parameters to be considered in the restructuring of loans impacted by the Covid 19 pandemic.

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/rbi-forms-five-member-committee-under-kv-kamath-panel-to-recommend-parameters-for-loan-restructuring/articleshow/77411332.cms

Q7. Consider the following statements:

  1. Dhole is the only large carnivore in India that is under the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s ‘endangered’ category. 
  2. Karnataka, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh ranks high in the conservation of the endangered dhole in India.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Besides the tiger, the dhole is the only large carnivore in India that is under the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s ‘endangered’ category. 

Statement 2 is correct. Karnataka, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh ranks high in the conservation of the endangered dhole in India.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/three-states-rank-high-in-the-conservation-of-the-endangered-dhole/article32250471.ece

Q8. With reference to the provisions of the National Security Act in India, consider the following statements:

  1. The act empowers the police to detain a person if the authorities are satisfied that he/she is a threat to national security.
  2. The act was introduced during the British rule in India.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The act empowers the government to detain a person if the authorities are satisfied that he/she is a threat to national security or to prevent him/her from disrupting public order.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The Act was introduced under India's first female Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi, in 1980.
https://thelogicalindian.com/tli-explains/nsa-draconian-act-19821

Ques Ans:

1-(c)

2-(d)

3-(b)

4-(a)

5-(c)

6-(a)

7-(b)

8-(d)