Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the Committee on World Food Security (CFS), sometimes seen in the news:

  1. The committee is the foremost inclusive international and intergovernmental platform for all stakeholders to work together to ensure food security and nutrition for all. 
  2. The Committee reports to the UN General Assembly through the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)and to FAO Conference.                      

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The committee is the foremost inclusive international and intergovernmental platform for all stakeholders to work together to ensure food security and nutrition for all. The Committee reports to the UN General Assembly through the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and to FAO Conference.

http://www.fao.org/cfs

Q2. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1.  The essence of disqualification under the office of profit law is that he/she should not be involved in any other business, while being serving under the government.
  2. The law does not clearly define what constitutes an office of profit but the definition has evolved over the years with interpretations made in various court judgments.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The essence of disqualification under the office of profit law is that he/she should not be involved in any other business, while being serving under the government. The law does not clearly define what constitutes an office of profit but the definition has evolved over the years with interpretations made in various court judgments.

https://www.prsindia.org/theprsblog/explained-law-holding-%E2%80%98office-profit%E2%80%99

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. At some point during the mediation, the mediator will be asked by the parties to provide them with a non-binding settlement proposal.
  2. A conciliator, by contrast, will in most cases refrain from making such a proposal.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.        

Both statements are incorrect. The main difference between conciliation and mediation proceedings is that, at some point during the conciliation, the conciliator will be asked by the parties to provide them with a non-binding settlement proposal. A mediator, by contrast, will in most cases and as a matter of principle, refrain from making such a proposal.

https://www.dispute-resolution-hamburg.com/information/conciliation

Q4. Consider the following statements regarding the Telecommunications Standards Development Society, India (TSDSI):

  1. It is an autonomous, standards development organization for Telecom/ICT products and services in India. 
  2. Its objective is to provide guidance and leadership to developing countries only.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2 

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. It is an autonomous, membership based, standards development organization for Telecom/ICT products and services in India. 

Statement 2 is incorrect. One of its objectives is to provide guidance and leadership to developing countries in telecommunication sector.

https://tsdsi.in/about/

Q5. Consider the following statements:

  1. The only type of live viral vaccines is attenuated only.
  2. Live vaccines can replicate both within and outside the host naturally.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2 

Option D is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The two main types of live viral vaccines are attenuated and recombinant-vectored. Most live virus vaccines in use today are attenuated, their reduced virulence typically achieved by adapting the wild-type virus to a new environment (e.g. replication in a novel cell line or low temperature), with a consequent reduced replication rate in humans.

Statement 2 is incorrect.  Live vaccines replicate within the host. As true of any reproducing population, these within-host vaccine populations may evolve.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6668849/#:~:text=avoided%20or%20mitigated.-,Author%20summary,we%20want%20to%20generate%20immunity.

Q6. With reference to the Blockchain technology, consider the following statements:

  1. Blockchain does not have transparency in its functioning.  
  2. Blocks, nodes and miners are the three important components of this technology.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2 

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Blockchain helps reduce risk, stamps out fraud and brings transparency in a scaleable way for myriad uses. 

Statement 2 is correct. Blocks, nodes and miners are the three important components of this technology.

https://builtin.com/blockchain

Q7. ‘EASE 2.0’ index, sometimes seen in the news, is associated with

(a) Banking reforms                       

 (b) Higher education reforms    

 (c) Criminal reforms

 (d) Export market reforms

Option A is correct. ‘EASE 2.0’ index, sometimes seen in the news, is associated with Banking reforms. A common reform agenda for PSBs, EASE Agenda is aimed at institutionalizing clean and smart banking. It was launched in January 2018, and the subsequent edition of the program ― EASE 2.0 built on the foundation laid in EASE 1.0 and furthered the progress on reforms. Reform Action Points in EASE 2.0 aimed at making the reforms journey irreversible, strengthening processes and systems, and driving outcomes.

                https://pib.gov.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=1652723

Q8. With reference to the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB), consider the following statements:

  1. It aims to protect the interests of consumers and entities engaged in specified activities relating to petroleum, petroleum products and natural gas.
  2. The board is mandated to regulate the refining, processing, storage, transportation, distribution, marketing and sale of petroleum products, excluding production of crude oil and natural gas.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2 

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. . It aims to protect the interests of consumers and entities engaged in specified activities relating to petroleum, petroleum products and natural gas.  The board is mandated to regulate the refining, processing, storage, transportation, distribution, marketing and sale of petroleum products, excluding production of crude oil and natural gas.

https://www.pngrb.gov.in/about-us.html

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(c)

3-(d)

4-(a)

5-(d)

6-(b)

7-(a)

8-(c)