Q1. Which of the following statements is/are correct with respect to the Geospacial data?

  1. This data is a combination of the exact coordinates of the object or event on the surface of the Earth, along with the attributes of the object or event and even the time or the life span at which these locations and attributes exist.
  2. With the new policy on Geospacial data, Indian entities would not have to get prior approvals or security clearances, to acquire and produce such data and related services, including maps.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2               

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Geospacial data is a combination of the exact coordinates of the object or event on the surface of the Earth, along with the attributes of the object or event and even the time or the life span at which these locations and attributes exist. With the new policy on Geospacial data, Indian entities would not have to get prior approvals or security clearances, to acquire and produce such data and related services, including maps.

https://www.financialexpress.com/lifestyle/science/government-brings-in-new-geospatial-sector-policy-why-liberalisation-of-geospatial-data-is-needed/2195716/

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. The International Court of Justice at The Hague, has given ruling to protect Rohingya Muslims from genocide. 
  2. The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2               

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The International Court of Justice at The Hague, has given ruling to protect Rohingya Muslims from genocide. The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations.    

https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/01/27/international-court-justice-orders-burmese-authorities-protect-rohingya-muslims

Q3. With reference to the World Trade Organization, often seen in the news, consider the following statements:

  1. Marrakesh agreement of 1994 is associated with its commencement.
  2. India is not among the founding members of WTO.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2               

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Marrakesh agreement of 1994 is associated with its commencement.     

Statement 2 is incorrect. On 1 January 1948, GATT entered into force. The 23 founding members were: Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Burma, Canada, Ceylon, Chile, China, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, France, India, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, Southern Rhodesia, Syria, South Africa, United Kingdom and the United States. Hence, India is also a founding member of WTO.

https://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/minist_e/min96_e/chrono.htm#:~:text=On%201%20January%201948%2C%20GATT,Kingdom%20and%20the%20United%20States.\

Q4. With reference to the Giant Leatherback turtle, consider the following statements:

  1. The leatherback is the largest sea turtle in the world and is considered a critically endangered species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). 
  2. These are found across the Andaman and Nicobar islands, making this a significant nesting population in the South Asian region and the only one in India.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2               

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The leatherback is the largest sea turtle in the world and is considered a vulnerable species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). 

Statement 2 is correct. An average of 1,000 leatherback nests is found across the Andaman and Nicobar islands over the years, making this a significant nesting population in the South Asian region and the only one in India.

https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/Voyage-of-the-leatherback/article14696604.ece

Q5. Karlapat Wildlife sanctuary, often seen in news, is located in

(a) Assam

 (b) Madhya Pradesh

 (c) Andhra Pradesh

 (d) Odisha

Option D is correct. Karlapat Wildlife sanctuary, often seen in news, is located in Odisha.

https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/odisha-another-elephant-found-dead-in-karlapat-sanctuary-6-jumbos-die-in-14-days-1769307-2021-02-15

Q6. Consider the following statements regarding the regional organization, SARRC:

  1. It is a regional organization of South Asian countries, with its secretariat at Dhaka.
  2. Recently, a SAARC emergency fund has been established by the member nations under the leadership of India.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. It is a regional organization of South Asian countries, with its secretariat at Kathmandu.

Statement 2 is incorrect. A SAARC emergency fund has proposed to be established by India, at the video conference of SAARC. But it has not been established yet.

https://theprint.in/opinion/saarc-covid-pakistan-petty-india-not-big-as-china/381894/

http://www.internationaldemocracywatch.org/index.php/south-asian-association-for-regional-cooperation-

Q7. With reference to the State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF), consider the following statements:

  1. The SDRF is used for meeting expenditures for providing immediate relief to the victims of cyclone, drought, earthquake, fire, tsunami, hailstorm, landslide, cloud burst, among others.
  2. It is only funded by the respective state governments.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The SDRF is used for meeting expenditures for providing immediate relief to the victims of cyclone, drought, earthquake, fire, flood, tsunami, hailstorm, landslide, avalanche, cloud burst, pest attack, and frost and cold wave.

Statement 2 is incorrect. Besides, for providing immediate relief to the victims of State-specific disaster within the local context, which are not included in the list of the above notified natural calamities, Ministry of Home Affairs has authorized the State Governments to incur an expenditure of 10% of funds available under SDRF, subject to the procedures laid down therein.

It is also funded by the central government in the ratio 75:25 and 90:10.

http://www.arthapedia.in/index.php?title=State_Disaster_Response_Fund_(SDRF)

Q8. Kihoto Hollohan case, 1992, sometimes seen in the news, was a landmark judgment of Supreme Court related to

(a) Ordinance issuing powers of the President

 (b) The basic structure of the Constitution

 (c) The Tenth schedule of Indian constitution

 (d) The judicial review

Option C is correct. . Kihoto Hollohan case, 1992, sometimes seen in the news, was a landmark judgment of Supreme Court related to the tenth schedule of Indian constitution.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/karnataka-crisis-what-was-scs-kihoto-hollohan-order-of-1992-what-is-the-role-of-speaker-5834547/

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(c)

3-(a)

4-(b)

5-(d)

6-(d)

7-(a)

8-(c)