Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the pardoning powers of the President in India:

  1. Under Article 72 of the Constitution, the President shall have the power to grant pardons, reprieves, respites or remissions of punishment or commute the sentence of any person convicted of any offence where the sentence is a sentence of death. 
  2. The President can exercise his power of pardon independent of the government.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.                        

Statement 1 is correct. Under Article 72 of the Constitution, the President shall have the power to grant pardons, reprieves, respites or remissions of punishment or commute the sentence of any person convicted of any offence where the sentence is a sentence of death.         

 Statement 2 is incorrect. The President cannot exercise his power of pardon independent of the government.  

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/presidents-powers-to-pardon-in-us-india-7069712/

Q2. With reference to the Delimitation Commission, consider the following statements:

  1.  In India, such Delimitation Commissions have been constituted only thrice.
  2. The Delimitation Commission in India is a high power body whose orders have the force of law and cannot be called in question before any court. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

 Statement 1 is incorrect. In India, such Delimitation Commissions have been constituted 4 times – in 1952 under the Delimitation Commission Act, 1952, in 1963 under Delimitation Commission Act, 1962, in 1973 under Delimitation Act, 1972 and in 2002 under Delimitation Act, 2002. Now, it has been constituted for J&K.

Statement 2 is correct. The Delimitation Commission in India is a high power body whose orders have the force of law and cannot be called in question before any court.           

https://eci.gov.in/delimitation-website/delimitation/#:~:text=The%20Delimitation%20Commission%20in%20India,of%20India%20in%20this%20behalf.

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. Hydrogen technology is being explored by the government to reduce dependence on imported products. 
  2. The National Hydrogen Energy Mission was proposed by the government in the budget recently.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Hydrogen technology is being explored by the government to reduce dependence on imported products.  The National Hydrogen Energy Mission was proposed by the government in the budget recently.                                  

https://www.financialexpress.com/industry/national-hydrogen-energy-mission-govt-plans-green-hydrogen-auction/2198308/

Q4. Which one of the following best describes the term “Extinction Rebellion”, seen recently in news?

(a) A decentralised, international and politically non-partisan movement using non-violent direct action  to persuade governments to act justly.                           

 (b) A movement mainly conducted by the environmental activists.          

 (c) A rebellion done by the Indian sepoys during British rule.

 (d) None of the above

Option A is correct. The global movement Extinction Rebellion, also referred to as ‘XR’, describes itself as a “decentralised, international and politically non-partisan movement using non-violent direct action and civil disobedience to persuade governments to act justly on the Climate and Ecological Emergency”.

 https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-what-is-extinction-rebellion-global-movement-of-which-young-activists-accused-in-toolkit-case-are-part-7192633/

Q5. Recently, the Mahabahu-Brahmaputra initiative has been launched in the country for which one of the following objectives?

(a) To provide scholarship to the students of north-east

 (b) To improve connectivity in the eastern states             

 (c) To improve the climatic conditions   

 (d) To boost the folk culture of east India

Option B is correct. The launch of Mahabahu-Brahmaputra, which aims to improve connectivity in the eastern states, was marked by the inauguration of the Ro-Pax vessel operations between Neamati-Majuli Island, North Guwahati-South Guwahati and Dhubri-Hatsingimari.

https://www.timesnownews.com/business-economy/industry/article/pm-modi-launches-mahabahu-brahmaputra-initiative-in-assam/721893

Q6. Consider the following statements:

  1. The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is a specialized agency of the United Nations.
  2. It is dedicated to eradicating poverty and hunger in rural areas of developing countries. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is an international financial institution and a specialized agency of the United Nations.

Statement 2 is correct. It is dedicated to eradicating poverty and hunger in rural areas of developing countries. 

https://www.ifad.org/en/

Q7. Consider the following statements regarding the findings of the recent report of Ministry of Commerce on India’s international trade:

  1.  US remained India's top trading partner for the second consecutive fiscal year in 2019-20.
  2. The trade deficit between India and China has been rising consistently, since last decade.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The US remained India's top trading partner for the second consecutive fiscal year in 2019-20, which shows increasing economic ties between the two countries.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The bilateral trade between India and China has dipped to $81.87 billion in 2019-20 from $87.08 billion in 2018-19. Trade deficit between the two neighbours have declined to $48.66 billion in 2019-20 from $53.57 billion in the previous fiscal.

https://www.ksgindia.com/study-material/news-for-aspirants/24317-us-remains-india-s-top-trading-partner.html

Q8. With reference to the regulation of drugs in India, consider the following statements:

  1. The Drugs (Prices Control) Order functions outside the scope of the Essential Commodity Act, 1955.
  2. The Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals implements the provisions of the Drugs Price Control Order.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The Drugs (Prices Control) Order falls within the scope of the Essential Commodity Act, 1955.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority was set up as an attached office of the Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals, to implement the provisions of the Drugs Price Control Order.

https://pharmaceuticals.gov.in/national-pharmaceutical-pricing-authority

http://www.nppaindia.nic.in/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/DPCO2013_03082016.pdf

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(b)

3-(c)

4-(a)

5-(b)

6-(c)

7-(a)

8-(d)