Q1. Consider the following pairs:

          Mark        Certifying agency

  1. ISI mark -    Bureau of Indian Standards
  2. Fruit Products Order (FPO) mark - Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)
  3. Indian Organic Certification - Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 2 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Option A is correct.

  1. ISI mark - Bureau of Indian Standards
  2. Fruit Products Order (FPO) mark -  Ministry of Food processing Industry       
  3. Indian Organic Certification - Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA)

https://bis.gov.in/index.php/product-certification/products-under-compulsory-certification/scheme-i-mark-scheme

http://www.indiatrademarkregistration.com/fpo-certification/

http://apeda.in/apedawebsite/organic/Organic_Products.htm

Q2. The Biodiversity Board of a state will pass a resolution to declare the expansive Kandla Forests in the Panchagangavali Estuary, as a biodiversity hotspot in the country. Where is the Kandla forest located?

(a) Himachal Pradesh

 (b) Uttar Pradesh

 (c) Gujarat

(d) Karnataka

Option D is correct. The Karnataka Biodiversity Board will soon pass a resolution to declare the expansive Kandla Forests in the Panchagangavali Estuary in Kundapur taluk, Udupi district as a biodiversity hotspot.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Mangalore/panchagangavali-kandla-forests-to-get-biodiversity-hotspot-tag/article33892031.ece

Q3. 'One Nation One Standard' mission, recently seen in the news, has been initiated by

(a) NITI Aayog

 (b) Ministry of Food and Consumer Affairs

 (c) Ministry of Education

(d) Ministry of Power

Option B is correct. Food and Consumer Affairs Minister stressed on the need for 'One Nation One Standard' to bring uniformity and said labs testing in India should be of global standards. The minister said this while reviewing the work of Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS).

https://www.businesstoday.in/current/economy-politics/piyush-goyal-calls-for-one-nation-one-standard-for-lab-testing/story/431849.html

Q4. Consider the following statements:

  1. STARS is a BRICS Banks’ aided scheme, which has been approved by the Union government for the implementation of the National Education Policy (NEP).
  2. The Ministry of Home Affairs will establish PARAKH assessment centre, to set standards for the 60-odd examination boards in the country through the STARS project.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. STARS (Strengthening Teaching-Learning and Results for States) is a World Banks’ aided scheme, which has been approved by the Union government for the implementation of the National Education Policy (NEP).  The Ministry of Education will establish PARAKH assessment centre, to set standards for the 60-odd examination boards in the country through the STARS project.

https://indianexpress.com/article/education/education-ministry-world-bank-launch-rs-5718-crore-project-to-improve-school-education-in-6-states-6724978/

Q5. Consider the following statements:

  1. Thalassemia is an inherited skin disorder that causes your body to have less hemoglobin than normal. 
  2. Facial bone deformities and abdominal swelling the symptoms of Thalassemia.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder that causes your body to have less hemoglobin than normal. 

Statement 2 is correct. Facial bone deformities, slow growth and abdominal swelling are among the symptoms of Thalassemia.

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/thalassemia/symptoms-causes/syc-20354995#:~:text=Overview,cause%20anemia%2C%20leaving%20you%20fatigued

Q6. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. Holography is a process that creates three-dimensional images using laser beams, the properties of interference and diffraction and illumination of the recording.
  2. Holography can represent both the static as well as dynamic images of 3D objects.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Holography is a process that creates three-dimensional images using laser beams, the properties of interference and diffraction and illumination of the recording.

Statement 2 is correct. Holography can represent both the static as well as dynamic images of 3D objects. 

https://appliedradiology.com/articles/exploring-the-potential-use-of-holographic-imaging-in-radiology#:~:text=Holography%20is%20a%20process%20that,and%20illumination%20of%20the%20recording.

Q7. Consider the following statements regarding the Bio-fortification of the crops:

  1. Biofortification is the process by which the nutritional quality of food crops is improved through agronomic practices, conventional plant breeding, or modern biotechnology.
  2. Iron-biofortification of rice, beans, sweet potato, cassava and legumes are often done in India.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Biofortification is the process by which the nutritional quality of food crops is improved through agronomic practices, conventional plant breeding, or modern biotechnology. Iron-biofortification of rice, beans, sweet potato, cassava and legumes are often done in India.         

https://www.who.int/elena/titles/biofortification/en/

Q8. Consider the following statements regarding the Asian Development Bank:

  1. It was established as a specialized agency of United Nations.
  2. All the members of United Nations, are its members at present.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. ADB was established in 1966. It is owned by 68 members, among which 49 are from the region.

https://www.adb.org/

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(d)

3-(b)

4-(d)

5-(b)

6-(c)

7-(c)

8-(d)