Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST):

  1. It was established by amending Article 338 and inserting a new Article 338A in the Constitution through the Constitution (89th Amendment) Act, 2003. 
  2. Under the original provisions of Art.338 of the Constitution, Special Officer for SC&ST appointed was assigned the duty to investigate all matters relating to the Safeguards for SCs and STs in various Statutes.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) was established by amending Article 338 and inserting a new Article 338A in the Constitution through the Constitution (89th Amendment) Act, 2003. Under the original provisions of Art.338 of the Constitution, Special Officer for SC&ST appointed was assigned the duty to investigate all matters relating to the Safeguards for SCs and STs in various Statutes.

https://vikaspedia.in/social-welfare/scheduled-tribes-welfare/the-national-commission-for-scheduled-tribes

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. Uighurs, who are facing genocide according to reports, live in north-western China in the region of Xinjiang.
  2. According to international convention, genocide is the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Uighurs, who are mostly Muslim, live in north-western China in the region of Xinjiang. According to international convention, genocide is the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group.          

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-22278037

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. The right to not speak against himself or to remain silent is given to an accused and this right is recognized around the globe.
  2. In India, it forms a part of Right to life and personal liberty under article 21 of the Indian Constitution.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The right to not speak against himself or to remain silent is given to an accused and this right is recognized around the globe.

Statement 2 is incorrect. In India, it forms a part of Right to self-incrimination under Article 20(3) of the Indian Constitution.

https://blog.ipleaders.in/right-silence-right-self-incrimination-indian-constitution-critical-analysis/

Q4. With reference to the accredited investor, consider the following statements:

  1. Accredited investors are not allowed to buy and invest in unregistered securities.
  2. An accredited investor is an individual or a business entity that is allowed to trade securities that may not be registered with financial authorities.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Accredited investors are allowed to buy and invest in unregistered securities as long as they satisfy one (or more) requirements regarding income, net worth, asset size, governance status or professional experience. 

Statement 2 is correct. An accredited investor is an individual or a business entity that is allowed to trade securities that may not be registered with financial authorities.

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/a/accreditedinvestor.asp

Q5. Recently, which one of the following countries became the first country in the world, to receive vaccines acquired through the United Nations-backed COVAX initiative?

 (a) China            

(b) USA

(c) India

(d) Ghana

Option D is correct. Ghana has become the first country in the world to receive vaccines acquired through the United Nations-backed COVAX initiative with a delivery on Wednesday of 6,00,000 doses of the AstraZeneca vaccine made by the Serum Institute of India.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/ghana-is-first-nation-in-world-to-receive-covax-vaccines/article33924098.ece

Q6. With reference to the International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD), consider the following statements:

  1. It is a non-governmental International Organization which provides a forum for the exchange of knowledge and experience in dam engineering.
  2. Since the late sixties, focus was put on subjects of current concern such as dam safety, monitoring of performance, reanalysis of older dams and spillways, effects of ageing and environmental impact.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only               

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD), is a non-governmental International Organization which provides a forum for the exchange of knowledge and experience in dam engineering.                Since the late sixties, focus was put on subjects of current concern such as dam safety, monitoring of performance, reanalysis of older dams and spillways, effects of ageing and environmental impact.

http://www.cbip.org/incold/incold.html

Q7. Consider the following statements regarding the schools of Tibetan Buddhism:

  1. Nyingma, Kagyu, Sakya, and Gelugpa are the four schools of Buddhism in Tibet.
  2. The legendary Vajrayana master Padmasambhava, who is considered the founder of Tibetan Buddhism, belonged to Sri Lanka. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Nyingma, Kagyu, Sakya, and Gelugpa are the four schools of Buddhism in Tibet.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The legendary Vajrayana master Padmasambhava, who Tibetans call Guru Rinpoche, is considered the founder of Tibetan Buddhism. He belonged to India.

https://tnp.org/the-four-schools-of-tibetan-buddhism/

Q8. Consider the following statements:

  1. Sedimentation is the process of converting unconsolidated sediments into sedimentary rock
  2. Igneous rocks have a layered or banded appearance that is produced by exposure to heat and directed pressure.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. Lithification is the process of converting unconsolidated sediments into sedimentary rockMetamorphic rocks have a layered or banded appearance that is produced by exposure to heat and directed pressure.

https://www.encyclopedia.com/earth-and-environment/geology-and-oceanography/geology-and-oceanography/lithification

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(c)

3-(a)

4-(b)

5-(d)

6-(c)

7-(a)

8-(d)