Q1. Consider the following statements:

  1. When Muhammad Tughlaq was losing his power in Deccan, Harihar and Bukka founded an independent kingdom in the region between the river Krishna and Tungabhadra.
  2. The Vijayanagar kingdom reached the pinnacle of its glory during the reign of Krishnadeva Raya.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. When Muhammad Tughlaq was losing his power in Deccan, the two Hindu princes, Harihar and Bukka founded an independent kingdom in the region between the river Krishna and Tungabhadra in 1336. The Vijayanagar kingdom reached the pinnacle of its glory during the reign of Krishnadeva Raya.

https://knowindia.gov.in/culture-and-heritage/medieval-history/vijayanagar-empire.php

Q2. Consider the following statements regarding the Swachh Iconic Places initiative, often seen in the news:

  1. It is an initiative of the ministry of rural development.
  2. Recently, twelve iconic sites have been selected under the initiative, which includes places such as Agra fort and Ajanta caves.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Swachh Iconic Places (SIP) is an initiative of Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen (SBM-G), the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS), Ministry of Jal Shakti has announced the selection ofthe following Twelve (12) iconic sites under Phase IV of SIP.

Statement 2 is correct. Ajanta Caves, Maharashtra; Sanchi Stupa, Madhya Pradesh; Kumbhalgarh Fort, Rajasthan; Jaisalmer Fort, Rajasthan; Ramdevra, Jaisalmer, Rajasthan; Golconda Fort, Hyderabad; Telangana Sun Temple, Konark, Odisha; Rock Garden, Chandigarh; Dal Lake, Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir; Banke Bihari Temple, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh; Agra Fort, Agra, Uttar Pradesh; Kalighat Temple, West Bengal.

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1700780

Q3. With reference to the Citizenship Amendment Act 2019, consider the following statements:

  1. The Citizenship (Amendment) Act grants citizenship to six communities from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh who had arrived in India before 2014.
  2. The act applies to all the states of india.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The Citizenship (Amendment) Act grants citizenship to the Hindus, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhist, Jains and Parsis — from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh who had arrived in India before 31 December 2014.               

Statement 2 is incorrect. The Citizenship (Amendment) Act does not apply to tribal areas of Tripura, Mizoram, Assam and Meghalaya because of being included in the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution.

https://www.livemint.com/news/india/citizenship-amendment-act-2019-all-you-need-to-know-11576401546515.html

Q4. Consider the following statements:

  1. Indian Banks Association is a governmental entity formed to render assistance and provide various common services to the banking industry and implement new ideas in banking services.
  2. A bad bank conveys the impression that it will function as a bank but has bad assets to start with. 

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The IBA claims it is a voluntary association of member banks. It also claims that it is neither a governmental entity nor a regulatory authority, and it is not amenable to writ jurisdictions of courts and not subject to the Right to Information Act, 2005.

Statement 2 is correct. A bad bank conveys the impression that it will function as a bank but has bad assets to start with.     

                https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/opinion/why-is-indian-banks-association-not-under-rti/article33934677.ece

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/npa-bad-bank-balance-sheet-loan-rbi-shaktikanta-das-7151841/

Q5. Consider the following statements:

  1. Over the top (OTT) refers to film and television content provided via cable or satellite provider.
  2. Through OTT, we get free content to watch.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. Over the top (OTT) refers to film and television content provided via a high-speed Internet connection rather than a cable or satellite provider. Viewers who dislike paying for bundled content are often referred to as cord cutters. OTT does not mean free, as the term encompasses services such as Netflix, Amazon Prime Video, Hulu, and HBO Now.

investopedia.com/terms/o/over-top.asp

Q6. Consider the following statements:

  1. ESSO-INCOIS was established as an autonomous body in 1999 under the Ministry of Science and Technology and is a unit of the Earth System Science Organization (ESSO). 
  2. It is mandated to provide the best possible ocean information and advisory services to society, industry, government agencies and the scientific community through sustained ocean observations and constant improvements through systematic and focussed research.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. ESSO-INCOIS was established as an autonomous body in 1999 under the Ministry of Earth Sciences and is a unit of the Earth System Science Organization (ESSO).  

 Statement 2 is correct. It is mandated to provide the best possible ocean information and advisory services to society, industry, government agencies and the scientific community through sustained ocean observations and constant improvements through systematic and focussed research.        

https://incois.gov.in/portal/aboutus

Q7. With reference to the fugitive economic offenders, consider the following statements:

  1. Under the fugitive economic offenders act, a person can be declared a fugitive economic offender if a warrant has been issued against him for an offence involving an amount of Rs 100 crore or more.
  2. It is not necessary that he leave the country and refuses to return, after committing the offence.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Under the fugitive economic offenders act, a person can be declared a fugitive economic offender if a warrant has been issued against him for an offence involving an amount of Rs 100 crore or more.

Statement 2 is incorrect. Further, the person has left the country and refuses to return, in order to avoid facing prosecution.

https://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/2021/feb/26/gangster-iqbal-mirchis-family-declared-fugitive-economic-offenders-ed-officials-2269420.html#:~:text=Under%20the%20FEO%20Act%2C%20a,country%20and%20refuses%20to%20return.

Q8. Consider the following statements:

  1. The report ‘The India State-Level Disease Burden Initiative’estimates health and economic impacts of air pollution, both from indoor and outdoor sources.
  2. According to the report, India has lost 1.4 per cent of GDP due to premature deaths and morbidity from air pollution. 

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The report ‘The India State-Level Disease Burden Initiative’ estimates health and economic impacts of air pollution, both from indoor and outdoor sources. According to the report, India has lost 1.4 per cent of GDP due to premature deaths and morbidity from air pollution. 

https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/air/air-pollution-killed-1-7-million-indians-in-2019-lancet-report-74737

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(b)

3-(a)

4-(b)

5-(d)

6-(b)

7-(a)

8-(c)