Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the International Monetary Fund (IMF), often seen in news:

  1. The IMF is governed by and accountable to the 190 countries that make up its near-global membership.
  2. It provides zero percent interest rate on loans to low-income countries.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The IMF is governed by and accountable to the 190 countries that make up its near-global membership. It provides zero percent interest rate on loans to low-income countries.        

https://www.imf.org/en/About

Q2. With reference to the Classical’ languages of India, consider the following statements:

  1. Currently, twenty-two languages enjoy the ‘Classical’ status in India.
  2. Marathi is a classical language of India.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. Currently, six languages enjoy the ‘Classical’ status: Tamil (declared in 2004), Sanskrit (2005), Kannada (2008), Telugu (2008), Malayalam (2013), and Odia (2014). At the recently concluded 93rd edition of the Akhil Bharatiya Marathi Sahitya Sammelan, a resolution was passed demanding the declaration of Marathi as a ‘Classical’ language, Loksatta reported. In many of its conventions in the past, the body has made this demand.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-how-is-a-language-declared-classical-in-india-what-benefits-it-enjoys-6216415/

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. The beginning of a solar cycle is a solar minimum, or when the Sun has the least sunspots.
  2. Forecasting of the solar cycle can help scientists protect the radio communications on Earth.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The beginning of a solar cycle is a solar minimum, or when the Sun has the least sunspots. Over time, solar activity and the number of sunspots increases. Forecasting of the solar cycle can help scientists protect the radio communications on Earth.

https://spaceplace.nasa.gov/solar-cycles/en/

Q4. With reference to Bamboo, consider the following statements:

  1. It is good soil binder owing to its peculiar clump formation and fibrous root system and hence also plays an important role in soil and water conservation. 
  2. Though it grows tall like a grass, it belongs to the tree family.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. It is good soil binder owing to its peculiar clump formation and fibrous root system and hence also plays an important role in soil and water conservation. 

Statement 2 is incorrect. Though it grows tall like a tree, it belongs to the grass family.

https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/opinion/greening-india-by-planting-bamboo-ep/article25009098.ece

Q5. With reference to the Law Commission of India, consider the following statements:

  1. The Law Commission of India is a statutory body, constituted by the Government of India from time to time. 
  2. Recently, the cabinet has approved the constitution of Twenty-second Law Commission of India, for a period of three years. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The Law Commission of India is a non-statutory body, constituted by the Government of India from time to time. 

Statement 2 is correct. Recently, the cabinet has approved the constitution of Twenty-second Law Commission of India, for a period of three years. 

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1603640

Q6. Consider the following pairs:

         Nuclear Power plants        State

  1. Kaiga Generating station - Karnataka
  2. Tarapur Atomic Power Station - Maharashtra
  3. Narora Atomic Power Station – Uttar Pradesh

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Option D is correct.

  1. Kaiga Generating station - Karnataka
  2. 2. Tarapur Atomic Power Station - Maharashtra
  3. Narora Atomic Power Station – Uttar Pradesh

https://vikaspedia.in/energy/energy-basics/nuclear-power-plants-in-india

Q7. With reference to the Einstein’s theory of relativity, consider the following statements:

  1.  According to the theory, the speed of lightwithin a vacuum is the same, no matter the speed at which an observer travels. 
  2. The concept of ‘Gravitational lensing’ has been introduced to oppose this theory.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. According to the theory, the speed of light within a vacuum is the same, no matter the speed at which an observer travels.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The concept of ‘Gravitational lensing’, is a part of this theory, in which Light around a massive object, is bent, causing it to act as a lens for the things that lie behind it.

https://www.space.com/17661-theory-general-relativity.html

Q8. Consider the following statements:

  1.  An aquatic environment with a limited availability of phosphorus and nitrogen is described as “eutrophic”, while one with high availability of these elements is called “oligotrophic”.
  2. Eutrophication is characterised by a significant increase of algae, followed by an excessive consumption of oxygen.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. An aquatic environment with a limited availability of phosphorus and nitrogen is described as “oligotrophic”, while one with high availability of these elements is called “eutrophic”.

Statement 2 is correct. Eutrophication is characterised by a significant increase of algae, followed by an excessive consumption of oxygen.

http://www.eniscuola.net/en/2016/11/03/what-is-eutrophication-causes-effects-and-control/

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(d)

3-(c)

4-(a)

5-(b)

6-(d)

7-(a)

8-(b)