Q1. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. The Make in India initiative was launched in 2014 as part of a wider set of nation-building initiatives.
  2. Teams such as ‘Japan Plus’ and ‘Korea Plus’ were formed as a part of Make in India initiative.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The Make in India initiative was launched in 2014 as part of a wider set of nation-building initiatives. Teams such as ‘Japan Plus’ and ‘Korea Plus’ were formed as a part of Make in India initiative.

https://www.makeinindia.com/about

Q2. Consider the following statements regarding different types of malware:

  1. Viruses are spread via software vulnerabilities or phishing attacks.
  2. Worms need an already-infected active operating system or program to work. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. Worms are spread via software vulnerabilities or phishing attacks. Viruses need an already-infected active operating system or program to work.                    

 https://comtact.co.uk/blog/what-are-the-different-types-of-malware/

Q3. With reference to the Purchasing Managers’ Index, consider the following statements:

  1. It is an economic indicator that is calculated from monthly surveys of purchasing managers and supply executives from specific companies.
  2. The most followed PMI readings come from Markit and Institute of Supply Management. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. It is an economic indicator that is calculated from monthly surveys of purchasing managers and supply executives from specific companies. The most followed PMI readings come from Markit and Institute of Supply Management. 

https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/opinion/columns/slate/all-you-wanted-to-know-about/article33060375.ece

Q4. Consider the following statements:

  1. PSLV is the fourth generation launch vehicle of India and the first Indian launch vehicle which is equipped with liquid stages.
  2. GSLV is the third generation launch vehicle and is a three-stage vehicle with four liquid strap-ons. 

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. PSLV is the third generation launch vehicle of India and the first Indian launch vehicle which is equipped with liquid stages. GSLV is the fourth generation launch vehicle and is a three-stage vehicle with four liquid strap-ons.     

https://www.thegeospatial.in/what-is-the-difference-between-glsv-and-pslv

Q5. Consider the following statements:

  1. February 28 is commemorated as National Science Day to recall the great discovery of protons in an atom.
  2. The theme for National Science Day 2021 is "Future of STI: Impacts on Education, Skills, and Work". 

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only   

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. National Science Day is celebrated every year on February 28. This day recalls the notable invention "Raman Effect" by India's greatest scientist C V Raman. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for this discovery. Since that day, February 28 is being commemorated as National Science Day to recall the great discovery of CV Raman.

Statement 2 is correct. The theme for National Science Day 2021 is "Future of STI: Impacts on Education, Skills, and Work". 

https://www.indiatoday.in/information/story/national-science-day-2021-date-theme-and-significance-1773906-2021-02-28

Q6. Consider the following statements:

  1.  In India, their geographical range encompasses a large part of the western Himalayas including the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh in the eastern Himalayas.
  2. The snow leopard is listed as ‘Endangered’ on the IUCN-World Conservation Union’s Red List of the Threatened Species.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only   

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2               

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. In India, their geographical range encompasses a large part of the western Himalayas including the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh in the eastern Himalayas.

 Statement 2 is incorrect. The snow leopard is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN-World Conservation Union’s Red List of the Threatened Species.         

https://www.wwfindia.org/about_wwf/priority_species/snow_leopard/about_snow_leopard/#:~:text=The%20Government%20of%20India%20has,the%20species%20and%20its%20habitats.

Q7. Consider the following statements:

  1. Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA), is third of the "foundational" pacts that aims to bring the armed forces of India and China closer.
  2. BECA will allow India to use another country’s expertise on geospatial intelligence and to enhance military accuracy of automated hardware systems and weapons like cruise, ballistic missiles and drones.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA), is third of the "foundational" pacts that aims to bring the armed forces of India and USA closer.

Statement 2 is correct. BECA will allow India to use another country’s expertise on geospatial intelligence and to enhance military accuracy of automated hardware systems and weapons like cruise, ballistic missiles and drones.

https://www.sundayguardianlive.com/news/beca-india-set-ink-third-foundational-military-pact-us

Q8. With reference to the anthropogenic minerals, consider the following statements:

  1. The minerals formed as a result of human activities, are referred to as the anthropogenic minerals.
  2. The sudden appearance of these minerals marks a "punctuation event," or a sharp increase or decrease in the number of mineral species.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The minerals formed as a result of human activities, are referred to as the anthropogenic minerals.

Statement 2 is correct. The sudden appearance of these minerals marks a "punctuation event," or a sharp increase or decrease in the number of mineral species.

https://www.discovermagazine.com/environment/human-caused-minerals-another-sure-sign-of-the-anthropocene

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(d)

3-(c)

4-(d)

5-(b)

6-(a)

7-(b)

8-(c)