Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the registration of Political parties in India:

  1. Registration of Political parties is governed by the provisions of section 29A of the Representation of People Act, 1951.
  2. Those parties that lose in the elections play the role of opposition to the parties in power, by voicing different views and criticising government for its failures or wrong policies.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Registration of Political parties is governed by the provisions of section 29A of the Representation of People Act, 1951. Those parties that lose in the elections play the role of opposition to the parties in power, by voicing different views and criticising government for its failures or wrong policies.

https://ncert.nic.in/textbook/pdf/jess406.pdf

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. In 2013, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) proclaimed the day of signature of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), as UN World Wildlife Day to celebrate and raise awareness of the world’s wild animals and plants. 
  2. World Wildlife Day was celebrated in 2021 under the theme "Forests and Livelihoods: Sustaining People and Planet", as a way to highlight the central role of forests, forest species and ecosystems services in sustaining the livelihoods of hundreds of millions of people globally.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct.  In 2013, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) proclaimed the day of signature of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), as UN World Wildlife Day to celebrate and raise awareness of the world’s wild animals and plants.        World Wildlife Day was celebrated in 2021 under the theme "Forests and Livelihoods: Sustaining People and Planet", as a way to highlight the central role of forests, forest species and ecosystems services in sustaining the livelihoods of hundreds of millions of people globally, and particularly of Indigenous and local communities with historic ties to forested and forest-adjacent areas.               

https://www.wildlifeday.org/

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. The National Board for Wildlife recently added four species, the Northern River Terrapin, Clouded Leopard, Arabian Sea Humpback Whale, Red Panda- to a Recovery Programme for Critically Endangered Species.
  2. The progamme is one of the three components of the Convention of Biodiversity.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The National Board for Wildlife recently added four species the Northern River Terrapin, Clouded Leopard, Arabian Sea Humpback Whale, Red Panda- to a Recovery Programme for Critically Endangered Species.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The progamme is one of the three components of the centrally funded scheme, Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats.         

https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/wildlife-biodiversity/4-species-added-to-recovery-programme-by-wildlife-board-60997

Q4.  The ‘Indian Cybercrime Coordination Centre’ (I4C) Scheme, often seen in news, was launched by      

(a) NITI Aayog

(b) Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC) 

(c) Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology       

(d) Ministry of Home Affairs

Option D is correct. The ‘Indian Cybercrime Coordination Centre’ (I4C) Scheme, often seen in news, was launched by Ministry of Home Affairs.

https://www.mha.gov.in/division_of_mha/cyber-and-information-security-cis-division/Details-about-Indian-Cybercrime-Coordination-Centre-I4C-Scheme

Q5. Consider the following statements:

  1. A surcharge is a form of tax levied by the government on tax with specific purposes till the time the government gets enough money for that purpose.
  2. A cess is an extra fee, charge, or tax that is added on to the cost of a good or service, beyond the initially quoted price.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. A cess is a form of tax levied by the government on tax with specific purposes till the time the government gets enough money for that purpose. Different from the usual taxes and duties like excise and personal income tax, a cess is imposed as an additional tax besides the existing tax. A surcharge is an extra fee, charge, or tax that is added on to the cost of a good or service, beyond the initially quoted price. Often, a surcharge is added to an existing tax and is not included in the stated price of the good or service.     

                https://www.business-standard.com/about/what-is-cess

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/s/surcharge.asp#:~:text=A%20surcharge%20is%20an%20extra,of%20the%20good%20or%20service.

Q6. Consider the following statements with respect to Himalayan Serow, often seen in news:

  1. It has been reported recently in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, for the first time in the country.
  2. It has been listed in the same schedule as the tiger, in the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. A Himalayan mammal, somewhere between a goat and an antelope, has been confirmed as the newest creature to be spotted in Assam.

Statement 2 is correct. Both the tiger as well as Himalayan Serow are listed in the Wildlife Protection Act (WPA)-1972 schedule –I.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/in-a-first-himalayan-serow-spotted-in-assam/article33972852.ece

Q7. Consider the following statements regarding the 'Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan':

  1. It is aimed at generating employment opportunities in urban India for migrant workers returning home amid the coronavirus outbreak and lockdown.
  2. The programme seeks to create infrastructure worth Rs 50,000 crore through public works and would run for 125 days across six states.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. It is aimed at generating employment opportunities in rural India for migrant workers returning home amid the coronavirus outbreak and lockdown.

Statement 2 is correct. The programme seeks to create infrastructure worth Rs 50,000 crore through public works and would run for 125 days across six states.

https://www.ndtv.com/india-news/pm-modi-launches-garib-kalyan-rozgar-abhiyaan-inspired-by-migrants-2249373

Q8. Consider the following statements:

  1. The World Investment Report on foreign direct investments (FDI) flows, is released by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).
  2. India has remained the world's largest recipient of FDI in last five years.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The World Investment Report on foreign direct investments (FDI) flows, is released by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

Statement 2 is incorrect.  India was the 9th largest recipient of FDI in 2019, with 51 billion dollars of inflows during the year, an increase from the 42 billion dollars of FDI received in 2018, when India ranked 12 among the top 20 host economies in the world.

https://www.zeebiz.com/india/news-wow-whopping-usd-51-billion-investment-in-india-worlds-9th-largest-recipient-of-fdi-in-2019-confirms-un-report-129402

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(c)

3-(a)

4-(d)

5-(d)

6-(b)

7-(b)

8-(a)