1. Consider the following statements about “world press freedom index 2020”.
1. India ranks among top 10 Countries in this report.
2. It is published by Reporters Sans Frontieres.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only.
(b) 2 only.
(c) Both 1 and 2.
(d) Neither 1 nor 2.
Answer-B
Explanation-
India ranks 142nd out of 180 Countries .India has dropped two places from 2019.
It is Published annually by Reporters Sans Frontieres since 2002 with United nations as consultative status.


2. Consider the following statements about “Election Manifestos”.
1. These are legally enforceable documents.
2. Model code of conduct also prescribes guidelines regarding election Manifestos.
Which of the statements given above is/are not correct?
(a) 1 only.
(b) 2 only.
(c) Both 1 and 2.
(d) Neither 1 nor 2.
Answer-A
Explanation-
Statement 1 is incorrect.
These are not  legally enforceable documents , reiterated by the Supreme Court in 2015.
Statement 2 is correct.
Model code of conduct has guidelines for following categories-
1. General Conduct
2. Meetings
3. Procession
4. Polling day
5. Polling Booth.
6. Observers
7. Party in power.
8. Guidelines on Elections Manifestos.


3. Consider the following statements about NIA (National investigation agency).
1. Jurisdiction of NIA is only in India.
2. Supreme Court has original Jurisdiction in all NIA related cases.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only.
(b) 2 only.
(c) Both 1 and 2.
(d) Neither 1 nor 2.
Answer-D
Explanation-
Statement 1 is incorrect.
Jurisdiction of NIA is within and outside of India.
Statement 2 is correct.
NIA ACT, 2008 gives the provision of setting up of NIA court-Special court in New Delhi.
It also describes  Provisions regarding following-
1. Power of the Central Government to constitute Special Courts.
2. Place of sitting.
3. Jurisdiction of Special Courts.
4. Powers of Special Courts with respect to other offences.
5. Public Prosecutors.
6. Procedure and powers of Special Courts.
7. Protection of witnesses.
8. Sanction for prosecution.
9. Trial by Special Court to have precedence.
10. Power to transfer cases to regular courts.
11.Appeals
12. Power of State Government to constitute Special Courts.
 

4. Consider the following statements regarding “Commission for Air Quality Management”.
1. It replaces the Environment Pollution Prevention and Control Authority (EPCA).
2. It has been given statutory authority.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only.
(b) 2 only.
(c) Both 1 and 2.
(d) Neither 1 nor 2.
Answer-C
Explanation-
Statements 1 and 2 are correct.
“Commission for Air Quality Management”-
It is a high power body that came into being in October,2020 on the back of an ordinance.
The ordinance also dissolves the Environment Pollution Prevention and Control Authority (EPCA) for the NCR and gives statutory authority to the Commission for Air Quality Management.
EPCA was not a statutory body.
National Green Tribunal (NGT) will be hearing cases of Commission for Air Quality Management


5. Consider the following statements regarding CERT-IN.
1. It has been set up under the National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS).
2. It is the nodal agency in dealing with issues relating to cybersecurity threats.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Answer-B
Explanation-
Statement 1 is incorrect.
It is an organisation under Ministry of Electronics and Information technology, GOI.
Statement 2 is correct.
It is a nodal agency in dealing with issues relating to cybersecurity threats like  Hacking and phishing. It submits the reports regarding cybersecurity threats to the National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS) and other security agencies which includes warning, analysing of cybersecurity threats.
Recently, it has been pointed out that almost 35% of all cyberattacks come from china.