1. Consider the following statements with respect to reservation in India:
1. States have power to notify changes in reservation of OBC categories without the assent of Union Government.
2. Mandal verdict capped reservations at 50%.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only.
(b) 2 only.
(c) Both 1 and 2.
(d) Neither 1 nor 2.
Answer-B                                  
 
Explanation-    
Statement 1 is incorrect.
States can notify changes in Reservation to OBC categories only by presidential assent.
 Statement 2 is correct.
SC, In Mandal verdict capped reservations at 50% .

 
2. Consider the following statements regarding “ASEAN (Association of southeast Asian nations).
1. India is a member of this organization.
2. Chairmanship of ASEAN rotates annually between its members.
 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only.
(b) 2 only.
(c) Both 1 and 2.
(d) Neither 1 nor 2.
Answer-B                                 
Explanation-
Statement 1 is incorrect.
India is not a member . It has 10 members - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam
Statement 2 is correct.
The peculiar thing about this rotation of chairmanship is that it is based on the alphabetical order of the English names of Member States.
 
 
3. Consider the following statements with respect to NOTA (None of the above) in Indian elections:
1. Fresh elections are conducted in constituencies where the highest numbers of votes polled are in favor of NOTA (None of the above).
2. NOTA option is available only in Lok Sabha elections.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only.
(b) 2 only.
(c) Both 1 and 2.
(d) Neither 1 nor 2.
Answer-D                                 
Explanation-
Statements1 and 2 are incorrect.
In elections , if the highest number of votes polled are NOTA (None Of The Above), then the 2nd highest number of votes candidates is declared the winner.
NOTA is used in LOK sabha elections, Rajya sabha elections as well as state assemblies elections.

 
4. Consider the following statements about “ICRA” Investment Information and Credit Rating Agency.
1. It is a credit rating agency established by the government of India.
2. It is regulated by Securities and Exchange Board of India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only.
(b) 2 only.
(c) Both 1 and 2.
(d) Neither 1 nor 2.
Answer-B
Explanation-
Statement 1 is correct.
A credit rating agency (CRA) evaluates and assesses an individual’s or a company’s creditworthiness. That is, these agencies consider a debtor’s income and credit lines to analyse the debtor’s ability to repay the debt or if there is any credit risk associated.
Statement 2 is incorrect.
It is registered under SEBI .SEBI, reserves the right to authorise and regulate credit rating agencies according to SEBI Regulations, 1999 of the SEBI Act, 1992

5. Consider the following statements regarding “Great Indian Bustard”.
1. It is listed as critically endangered species in IUCN list.
2. Its largest population is found in Rajasthan.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only.
(b) 2 only.
(c) Both 1 and 2.
(d) Neither 1 nor 2.
Answer-C
Explanation-
Statements 1 and 2 are correct.
Great Indian Bustard,one of the heaviest flying birds . It is considered as the flagship species of grassland ecology .It is the State Bird of Rajasthan. The largest population is found in Rajasthan.
Protection status of Great Indian Bustard : IUCN Status is Critically Endangered.