Q1. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. The Chief Justice of India is traditionally appointed by the outgoing Chief Justice of India on the day of his/her retirement.
  2. The Constitution of India has specific provision for criteria and procedure for appointing the Chief Justice of India.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The Chief Justice of India is traditionally appointed by the outgoing Chief Justice of India on the day of his/her retirement.

Statement 2 is incorrect.  The Constitution of India does not have any specific provision for criteria and procedure for appointing the Chief Justice of India.                                      

https://doj.gov.in/sites/default/files/memosc.pdf

Q2.Which one of the following best describes the term ‘Predatory pricing’, often seen in the news?

(a) It is a price set by the government facing dumping problems.

(b) It is an illegal act of setting prices low in an attempt to eliminate the competition.      

(c) It is the pricing set for commodities by the domestic government against the foreign goods.   

(d) None of the above.

Option B is correct. Predatory pricing is the illegal act of setting prices low in an attempt to eliminate the competition. Predatory pricing violates antitrust law, as it makes markets more vulnerable to a monopoly.

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/p/predatory-pricing.asp

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. Messenger RNA (mRNA) is a single-stranded RNA molecule that is complementary to one of the DNA strands of a gene. 
  2. During protein synthesis, a ribosome moves along the mRNA, reads its base sequence, and uses the genetic code to translate each three-base triplet into its corresponding amino acid.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Messenger RNA (mRNA) is a single-stranded RNA molecule that is complementary to one of the DNA strands of a gene.  During protein synthesis, a ribosome moves along the mRNA, reads its base sequence, and uses the genetic code to translate each three-base triplet into its corresponding amino acid.

https://www.genome.gov/genetics-glossary/messenger-rna

Q4. With reference to the Gram Ujala scheme, consider the following statements:

  1. The scheme has been launched by the NITI Aayog recently.
  2. It is being financed entirely by the government of India.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are correct. Power and new and renewable energy minister launched the Gram Ujala scheme in Prime Minister’s Lok Sabha constituency Varanasi. The scheme offers the world’s cheapest LED bulbs in rural areas at ₹10. Gram Ujala programme is financed entirely through carbon credits.        

 https://www.livemint.com/industry/energy/gram-ujala-scheme-launched-in-pm-modi-s-constituency-varanasi-11616583113304.html

Q5. The Pakal Dul hydro project, often seen in news, is located in

(a) Jammu and Kashmir

 (b) Assam          

 (c) Karnataka

 (d) Gujarat

Option A is correct. The Pakal Dul hydro project, located in the state of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), will provide immense benefits for the people living in J&K in terms of improved power supply, employment generation and infrastructure creation.

https://www.hydroreview.com/world-regions/voith-receives-contract-for-1-000-mw-pakal-dul-hydropower-plant-in-india/#gref

Q6. With reference to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL), consider the following statements:

  1. It was adopted at the International Maritime Organization in 1970s and consists of six implemented annexes for controlling and eliminating the marine pollution.
  2. India is not a signatory to the convention.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. MARPOL was adopted at the International Maritime Organization in 1973 and consists of six implemented annexes for controlling and eliminating the marine pollution.

Statement 2 is incorrect. India is a signatory to the convention.

https://www.marineinsight.com/maritime-law/marpol-convention-shipping/

Q7. Consider the following statements:

  1. Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation uses UV-C radiations to prevent the spread of certain infectious diseases.
  2. While all the UV-A and some UV-B radiations are transmitted through the atmosphere, UV-C radiations are restricted by ozone layer.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation uses UV-C radiations to prevent the spread of certain infectious diseases.

Statement 2 is correct. While all the UV-A and some UV-B radiations are transmitted through the atmosphere, UV-C radiations are restricted by ozone layer.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2789813/

Q8. The ‘38th parallel’ line sometimes seen in the news, is a boundary line between which of the following?

(a) Andaman and Nicobar

 (b) North Korea and South Korea

(c) South America and Antarctica

(d) North sea and Norwegian sea

Option B is correct. The ‘38th parallel’ line sometimes seen in the news, is a boundary line between North Korea and South Korea.

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/8/130805-korean-war-dmz-armistice-38-parallel-geography/

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(b)

3-(c)

4-(d)

5-(a)

6-(a)

7-(c)

8-(b)