Q1. Consider the following statements regarding the Public interest litigation (PIL):

  1. Public interest cases under PIL may arise from both public and private law matters. 
  2. It helps advance the cause of minority or disadvantaged groups or individuals.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Public interest litigation is the use of the law to advance human rights and equality, or raise issues of broad public concern.  It helps advance the cause of minority or disadvantaged groups or individuals. It helps advance the cause of minority or disadvantaged groups or individuals.        

https://www.pilsni.org/about-public-interest-litigation#:~:text=Public%20interest%20litigation%20is%20the,public%20and%20private%20law%20matters.

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  1. Article 25 of the Indian Constitution provides that all persons in India, subject to public order, morality, health, and other provisions have the right to freely profess, practice and propagate religion.
  2. As per this article, the state cannot make any law relating to opening of Hindu religious institutions of public character for any section of the Hindus. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only          

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Article 25 of the Indian Constitution provides that all persons in India, subject to public order, morality, health, and other provisions have the right to freely profess, practice and propagate religion.   

 Statement 2 is incorrect. This article further provides that it shall not affect any existing law and shall not prevent the state from making any law relating to opening of Hindu religious institutions of public character for all the classes and sections of the Hindus.         

https://blog.ipleaders.in/right-to-freedom-of-religion-articles-25-28/#:~:text=Article%2025%20of%20the%20Constitution,%2C%20health%2C%20and%20other%20provisions%3A&text=Have%20the%20right%20to%20freely%20profess%2C%20practice%20and%20propagate%20religion.

Q3. Which of the following is/are the benefits/rights of Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) cardholders in India?

  1. They are required to carry their passports every time they travel to India.
  2. They are given the right to hold the government offices.
  3. They can even buy agricultural land in India.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3

(d) None

Option D is correct.

According to a government notification that has been welcomed by members of the community, people of Indian origin and the Indian diaspora having Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) cards are now not required to carry their old, expired passports for travel to India, as required earlier.

The Overseas Citizens of India or OCI card is issued to people of Indian origin globally which gives them almost all the privileges of an Indian national except for the right to vote, government service and buying agricultural land. The OCI card gives them visa-free travel to India.

https://www.outlookindia.com/website/story/india-news-explained-oci-card-holders-no-longer-required-to-carry-old-passports-for-india-travel/378771

Q4. With reference to the New Development Bank, consider the following statements:

  1. The bank was to be by and for the developed countries.
  2. It is also known as BRICS bank.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only          

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. When it was created in 2014, the New Development Bank (NDB) harboured dreams of finally breaking the hegemony of financing structures created by developed countries and embodied by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank. The NDB was to be by and for the developing world.

Statement 2 is correct. It is also known as BRICS bank, as born of the group of so-called ‘emerging’ economies — Brazil, Russia, India and China, and later South Africa.                     

https://www.thethirdpole.net/en/regional-cooperation/new-development-bank/

Q5. With reference to the Foreign Trade Policy 2015-2020, consider the following statements:

  1. Under the policy, the government offers incentives under various import-linked export schemes such as Duty Free Import Authorisation and Export Promotion Capital Goods.
  2. Under it, the exporters can import certain amounts of capital goods at zero duty for upgrading technology related with exports while DFIA allows them to import certain goods like sugar at zero duty.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only          

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statement s are correct. Under the FTP, the government offers incentives under various import-linked export schemes such as Duty Free Import Authorisation (DFIA) and Export Promotion Capital Goods (EPCG). Under EPCG, exporters can import certain amounts of capital goods at zero duty for upgrading technology related with exports while DFIA allows them to import certain goods like sugar at zero duty.

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/foreign-trade/govt-extends-current-foreign-trade-policy-till-september/articleshow/81777971.cms

Q6. Consider the following statements:

  1. The Sabarmati Riverfront Development Project is an environmental improvement, social uplift and urban rejuvenation project.
  2. Sabarmati river has been an integral part in the life of Surat, since the time the city was founded in 1411 along the river banks. 

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only          

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The Sabarmati Riverfront Development Project is an environmental improvement, social uplift and urban rejuvenation project that will renew Ahmedabad.

 Statement 2 is incorrect. Sabarmati river has been an integral part in the life of Ahmedabad since the time the city was founded in 1411 along the river banks. 

https://sabarmatiriverfront.com/

Q7. Consider the following statements:

It is located in the southernmost end of the Western Ghats and incorporates peaks towering 1,868 m above sea level. It encompasses tropical forest ecosystems that fall within Tamil Nadu and Kerala. It hosts one of the most diverse ecosystems in peninsular India and constitutes an important biogeographical ‘hot spot’ within the Western Ghats. The reserve is home to Kani tribes from both Tamil Nadu and Kerala. It occupies a prominent place in the cultural heritage and history of India. In particular, its prominence in the epic Ramayana has made it a famous site for Hindu pilgrimages.

Which one of the following biosphere reserve has been referred here?

(a) Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve

 (b) Mudumalai Biosphere Reserve         

 (c) Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve     

 (d) Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve

Option D is correct. Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve is located in the southernmost end of the Western Ghats and incorporates peaks towering 1,868 m above sea level. It encompasses tropical forest ecosystems that fall within Tamil Nadu and Kerala. It hosts one of the most diverse ecosystems in peninsular India and constitutes an important biogeographical ‘hot spot’ within the Western Ghats. The reserve is home to Kani tribes from both Tamil Nadu and Kerala. It occupies a prominent place in the cultural heritage and history of India. In particular, its prominence in the epic Ramayana has made it a famous site for Hindu pilgrimages.

http://www.unesco.org/new/en/natural-sciences/environment/ecological-sciences/biosphere-reserves/asia-and-the-pacific/india/agasthyamala/

Q8. The right to marry a person of one’s choice is an integral part of which one of the following articles  of the Indian Constitution?

(a) Article 14      

(b) Article 21

(c) Article 44

(d) Article 19

Option B is correct. The right to marry a person of one’s choice is an integral part of article 21 of the Indian constitution.

https://indianexpress.com/article/india/right-to-marry-supreme-court-hadiya-case-5131055/

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(a)

3-(d)

4-(b)

5-(c)

6-(a)

7-(d)

8-(b)