Q1. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. India has fallen 28 places in the Global Gender Gap Report 2021, and is now one of the worst performers in South Asia, trailing behind its neighbours.
  2. Global Gender Gap Report is an annual publication of the World Economic Forum.

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2       

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. India has fallen 28 places in the World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report 2021, and is now one of the worst performers in South Asia, trailing behind neighbours Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and Myanmar -— it is now ranked 140 among 156 countries.

https://indianexpress.com/article/india/ranked-140-of-156-countries-india-slips-28-spots-in-wefs-global-gender-gap-report-7253575/

Q2. Consider the following statements regarding the “National Policy for Rare Diseases 2021”, often seen in news:

  1. The Rare Diseases Policy aims to lower the high cost of treatment for rare diseases with increased focus on indigenous research with the help of a National Consortium to be set up with Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare as convenor.
  2. A provision for financial support up to Rs. 20 lakhs under the Umbrella Scheme of Rastriya Arogya Nidhi has been included for those rare diseases that require a one-time treatment.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2               

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The Rare Diseases Policy aims to lower the high cost of treatment for rare diseases with increased focus on indigenous research with the help of a National Consortium to be set up with Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare as convenor. A provision for financial support up to Rs. 20 lakhs under the Umbrella Scheme of Rastriya Arogya Nidhi has been included for those rare diseases that require a one-time treatment.

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1709369#:~:text=Union%20Health%20Minister%20approves%20National%20Policy%20for%20Rare%20Diseases%2C%202021,-Posted%20On%3A%2003&text=Dr.%20Harsh%20Vardhan%2C%20Union%20Health,Ministry%20of%20Health%20%26%20Family%20Welfare.

Q3. With reference to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), consider the following statements:

  1. It was signed in 2015 by Israel and several world powers and placed significant restrictions on Israel’s nuclear program in exchange for sanctions relief.
  2. P5+1 of the UN Security Council has not played any role in JCPOA.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2               

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. The Iran nuclear agreement, formally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), is a landmark accord reached between Iran and several world powers, including the United States, in July 2015. Under its terms, Iran agreed to dismantle much of its nuclear program and open its facilities to more extensive international inspections in exchange for billions of dollars’ worth of sanctions relief.  At the heart of negotiations with Iran were the five permanent members of the UN Security Council (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and Germany—collectively known as the P5+1. 

https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/what-iran-nuclear-deal

Q4. With reference to the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding Systems (HS), consider the following statements:

  1. The Harmonized System is an international nomenclature for the classification of products.
  2. At the international level, the Harmonized System for classifying goods is a two-digit code system.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

 (c) Both 1 and 2               

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The Harmonized System is an international nomenclature for the classification of products. It allows participating countries to classify traded goods on a common basis for customs purposes.

Statement 2 is incorrect. At the international level, the Harmonized System (HS) for classifying goods is a six-digit code system.

https://unstats.un.org/unsd/tradekb/Knowledgebase/50018/Harmonized-Commodity-Description-and-Coding-Systems-HS#:~:text=The%20Harmonized%20System%20is%20an,common%20basis%20for%20customs%20purposes.&text=The%20next%20two%20digits%20(HS%2D6)%20are,even%20more%20specific%2C%20e.g.%2009.02.

Q5. InSight is a lander that recently detected two quakes on

(a) Moon           

 (b) Mars

 (c) Jupiter

 (d) Sun

Option B is correct. NASA’s InSight lander detected two strong earthquakes on Mars last month, taking the count to 500 since its touchdown on the red planet in 2018.

https://www.republicworld.com/technology-news/science/nasas-insight-lander-detects-massive-quakes-on-mars-calls-it-earth-like.html

Q6. With reference to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), consider the following statements:

  1. The Conference of the Parties (COP) to the UNCCD has been hosted by India for five times in its history.
  2. UNCCD focuses on achieving Land Degradation Neutrality globally, which is in line with target 15.3 of the SDGs.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Recently, the 14th Conference of the Parties (COP) to the UNCCD was hosted by India for the first time.

Statement 2 is correct. It focuses on achieving Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) globally, in line with target 15.3 of the SDGs.

https://www.thegef.org/events/gef-unccd-cop14

Q7. A term Liquidity coverage ratio (LCR), sometimes seen in the news, refers to

(a) The proportion of highly liquid assets held by financial institutions, to ensure their ongoing ability to meet short-term obligations.

 (b) An amount of liquid assets, which the commercial banks are required to keep with RBI.

(c) How much liquidity can be contributed by a particular bank in the economy.

 (d) None of the above.

Option A is correct. The liquidity coverage ratio (LCR) refers to the proportion of highly liquid assets held by financial institutions, to ensure their ongoing ability to meet short-term obligations

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/l/liquidity-coverage-ratio.asp

Q8. Consider the following statements with respect to the National security in India:

  1. Under the National Security Act, an individual can be detained with/without charge for up to 12 months.
  2. A person detained under the act can appeal before a high court advisory board.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Under the National Security Act, an individual can be detained without a charge for up to 12 months.

 Statement 2 is correct.  A person detained under the act, can appeal before a high court advisory board but they are not allowed a lawyer during the trial.

https://www.indiatoday.in/fyi/story/what-is-national-security-act-india-1449395-2019-02-06

Ques  Ans:

1-(c)

2-(c)

3-(d)

4-(a)

5-(b)

6-(b)

7-(a)

8-(b)