Q1. Consider the following statements with respect to the National Policy for Rare Diseases 2021':

  1. There is no uniform definition of rare diseases around the world.
  2. The policy provides universal coverage to all persons suffering from all types of diseases.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. Union Health Minister approved the 'National Policy for Rare Diseases 2021' which aims to lower the high cost of treatment for rare diseases, with an increased focus on indigenous research and local production of medicines. There is no uniform definition of rare diseases around the world.         

Statement 2 is incorrect. Policy is selective in providing financial assistance.

https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/union-health-minister-harsh-vardhan-approves-national-policy-rare-diseases-2021-1786905-2021-04-04

Q2. With reference to the deep tech or deep technology, consider the following statements:

  1. It refers to those startups whose business model is based on high tech innovation in engineering, or significant scientific advances. 
  2. The AIM-PRIME program is aimed at promoting science based, deep technology ideas to market through training and guidance over a period of 12 months.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. Deep tech refers to those startups whose business model is based on high tech innovation in engineering, or significant scientific advances.  The AIM-PRIME program is aimed at promoting science based, deep technology ideas to market through training and guidance over a period of 12 months.                         

https://aim.gov.in/primeprogram.php

Q3. Consider the following statements with respect to the contempt of court in the country:

  1. The consent of the Attorney General is required to initiate contempt of court proceedings.
  2. Interfering in the administration of justice in any manner, forms part of Civil Contempt of court.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The consent of the Attorney General is required to initiate contempt of court proceedings.                 

Section 1 of Section 15 (Cognizance of criminal contempt in other cases) of The Contempt of Courts Act, 1971 reads: “In the case of a criminal contempt, other than a contempt referred to in Section 14, the Supreme Court or the High Court may take action on its own motion or on a motion made by (a) the Advocate-General, or (b) any other person, with the consent in writing of the Advocate-General…”.

Statement 2 is incorrect. Interfering in the administration of justice in any manner, forms part of Criminal Contempt of court.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-contempt-of-court-attorney-general-7049560/

Q4. Consider the following statements:

  1. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is not a part of the United Nations family.
  2. The IAEA is not linked to nuclear technology in any way.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2         

Option D is correct.

Both statements are incorrect. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was set up as the world’s “Atoms for Peace” organization within the United Nations family. The IAEA is strongly linked to nuclear technology and its controversial applications, either as a weapon or as a practical tool.         

https://www.iaea.org/about/overview/history

Q5. With reference to the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA) of the country, consider the following statements:

  1. The FCRA is applicable to only private NGOs which intend to receive foreign donations.
  2. As per the new rules, notified under FCRA, the administrative expenses through foreign funds have reduced from 50% to 20%.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2         

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The FCRA is applicable to all associations, groups and NGOs which intend to receive foreign donations.         

Statement 2 is correct. As per the new rules, notified under FCRA, the administrative expenses through foreign funds have been reduced from 50% to 20%.    

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/the-hindu-explains-what-is-foreign-contribution-regulation-act-and-how-does-it-control-donations/article32590504.ece 

https://indianexpress.com/article/india/govt-notifies-new-rules-makes-it-tougher-for-ngos-to-get-foreign-funds-7049916/

Q6. Consider the following statements:

  1. Recently, a new species of primate, Popa langur has been identified in the forests of Central India.
  2. It has been named so after Mount Popa, which is an extinct volcano, located in central Myanmar.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2         

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Recently, a new species of primate, Popa langur has been identified in the forests of central Myanmar with a mask-like face framed by a shock of unruly grey hair.

Statement 2 is correct. Mount Popa is an extinct volcano, located in central Myanmar.                                  

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/nov/11/popa-scoop-100-year-old-monkey-faeces-reveals-new-species-in-myanmar

Q7. Consider the following statements:

  1. INTERPOL represents 179 Customs administrations that collectively process approximately 98% of world trade.
  2. It enables police in our 194 member countries to work together to fight international crime.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2         

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. The World Customs Organization (WCO) represents 179 Customs administrations that collectively process approximately 98% of world trade.

Statement 2 is correct. INTERPOL enables police in our 194 member countries to work together to fight international crime.             

tfafacility.org/world-customs-organization-wco

interpol.int/en                     

Q8. With reference to the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme, consider the following statements:

  1. It was launched for 10 key sectors, to boost India’s manufacturing capabilities and enhancing exports. 
  2. Under the scheme, the production-linked incentives will be offered for the sectors such as white goods manufacturing, pharmaceutical, textile, food products, among others.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. The scheme was launched for 10 key sectors in a bid to boost India’s manufacturing capabilities and enhancing exports. Under the scheme, the production-linked incentives will be offered for the sectors such as white goods manufacturing, pharmaceutical, textile, food products and solar photovoltaic.                           

https://indianexpress.com/article/business/economy/cabinet-decisions-november-11-production-linked-incentive-pli-scheme-for-10-sectors-7047730/

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(c)

3-(a)

4-(d)

5-(b)

6-(b)

7-(b)

8-(c)