Q1. Consider the following statements:

  1. The Animal Welfare Board of India is a statutory body, established under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960.
  2. National Ganga Council is chaired by the Union Environment minister.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option A is correct.

Statement 1 is correct. The Animal Welfare Board of India is a statutory body, established under Section 4 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960.

Statement 2 is incorrect. National Ganga Council under chairmanship of Hon'ble Prime Minister of India.

http://ospar.nic.in/aboutus.aspx

Q2. Consider the following pairs:

        Vitamin        Deficiency disease

  1. Vitamin K Bleeding
  2. Vitamin E Megaloblastic anemia
  3. Vitamin B12 Weak muscles

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

 (a) 2 only           

 (b) 1 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Option B is correct.

Vitamin K deficiency bleeding or VKDB, occurs when babies cannot stop bleeding because their blood does not have enough Vitamin K to form a clot. Vitamin E deficiency may cause impaired reflexes and coordination, difficulty walking, and weak muscles. Folic acid is also called folate. It is another B vitamin. Either a lack of vitamin B-12 or a lack of folate causes a type of anemia called megaloblastic anemia (pernicious anemia). 

https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/vitamink/facts.html#:~:text=Vitamin%20K%20deficiency%20bleeding%20or%20VKDB%2C%20occurs%20when%20babies%20cannot,can%20be%20difficult%20to%20notice.

https://www.msdmanuals.com/en-in/home/disorders-of-nutrition/vitamins/vitamin-e-deficiency

https://www.cedars-sinai.org/health-library/diseases-and-conditions/a/anemia-of-b12-deficiency.html

Q3. With reference to the nanoparticles, consider the following statements:

  1. They can accumulate in the environment and contaminate water and soil.
  2. They can enter the food chains.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option C is correct.

Both statements are correct. By their very nature, nanoparticles are active at molecular levels, and there is a concern that their occurrence in the environment and unintended exposure may pose an adverse risk to human health and ecology. Because of the nature of recent nanotechnology-based applications, our understanding of nanoparticle behavior in the environment is limited.

ascelibrary.org/doi/10.1061/%28ASCE%29HZ.2153-5515.0000258

Q4. Which one of the following organizations brings out the publication known as ‘World Economic Outlook’, often seen in news?

(a) World Bank

 (b) World Economic Forum

 (c) United nations Development Programme

 (d) International Monetary Fund

Option D is correct. The ‘World Economic Outlook’is published by the International Monetary Fund.

https://www.rte.ie/news/business/2021/0406/1208141-imf-raises-world-economic-growth-forecast-to-6/

Q5. Coral reefs is/are located in which of the following places?

  1. Gulf of Mannar
  2. Lakshadweep islands. 
  3. Andaman and Nicobar Islands 
  4. Sundarbans

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1, 2 and 3 only          

(b) 3 and 4 only

 (c) 1 and 2 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Option A is correct. The major reef formations in India are restricted to the Gulf of Mannar, Palk bay, Gulf of Kutch, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Lakshadweep islands. While the Lakshadweep reefs are atolls, the others are all fringing reefs. Patchy coral is present in the inter-tidal areas of the central west coast of the country. 

http://www.fao.org/3/x5627e/x5627e06.htm#:~:text=The%20major%20reef%20formations%20in,west%20coast%20of%20the%20country.

Q6. In India, the problem of soil erosion is/are caused by which of the following?

  1. Terrace farming
  2. Deforestation
  3. Contour ploughing

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 only

 (c) 1 and 2 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Option B is correct. Terrace farming is the practice of cutting flat areas out of a hilly or mountainous landscape in order to grow crops. Contour ploughing is a well-established agronomic measure that contributes to soil and water conservation.

https://www.treehugger.com/examples-terrace-farming-around-world-4869737#:~:text=Terrace%20farming%20is%20the%20practice,the%20Andes%20in%20South%20America.

https://www.geo.fu-berlin.de/en/v/iwm-network/learning_content/management-and-measures/soil_and_water_conservation/swc_measures/agronomic_measures/contour_ploughing/index.html

Q7. Which one of the following does not form part of the six systems of Indian philosophy?

(a) Nyaya            

(b) Vaisheshika

(c) Sautrāntika  

(d) Purva Mimamsa

Option C is correct. The founder of Nyaya is Akshapada Gautama and it dated back to 2nd Century BCE. It is a school that deals with logic and epistemology. Popularly understood as the atomistic school of Indian Philosophy. It elaborates on seven elements of matter with the nomenclature of Saptapadartha- Dravya (substance and also includes the Panchamahabhutas), Guna (Qualities), Karma (activities), Samanya (generalist traits), Vishesha (specialty), Samavaya (inter-relatedness) and the last addition which is Abhaava i.e absence. Samkhya is an extremely complex school of philosophy that goes deep into the understanding of the creator and the creation.       Samkhya is an extremely complex school of philosophy that goes deep into the understanding of the creator and the creation. Ashtanga Yoga: While Samkhya highlights the three Gunas of Sattva, Rajas, and Tamas, the eight-limbs of Yoga Sutras of Patanjali highlight how to connect with the greater cosmic essence and enhance spirituality.  Purva Mimamsa. Sage Jaimini is associated with Purva Mimamsa who is considered to be the disciple of Sage Vyasa. Uttara Mimamsa or Vedanta as the name suggests, is the last of the four forms of Vedas, the other three being Brahmanas, Samhitas, and Aranyakas.

tutorialspoint.com/what-are-the-six-systems-of-ancient-indian-philosophy

 

Q8. Consider the following statements:

  1. Higher Education Financing Agency is a joint venture company of the State Bank of India and RBI.
  2. It provides financial assistance for creation of educational infrastructure and R&D in India’s premier educational Institutions.

Which of the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Option B is correct.

Statement 1 is incorrect. Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) is a joint venture company of Canara Bank and Ministry of Human Resource Development.

Statement 2 is correct. HEFA provides financial assistance for creation of educational infrastructure and R&D in India’s premier educational Institutions.

https://hefa.co.in/

Ques  Ans:

1-(a)

2-(b)

3-(c)

4-(d)

5-(a)

6-(b)

7-(c)

8-(b)